The following is the amendment to the CKC Policy and Procedures Manual regarding judges. It takes effect 01 Jan 98 with the exception of the open book test which will take effect 01 July 98.



1. The approval to judge at CKC events is a privilege granted by the CKC and not a right or reward.

Judges and applicants must be known for their honesty, integrity, impartiality and knowledge of the sport and breeds which they are applying to judge. Criminal convictions relevant to the task of judging and animal welfare will be a consideration in the approval process and the maintenance of judging privileges.

All judges and applicants must abide by the CKC Code of Ethics.

All judges and applicants must be capable of performing the functions necessary for judging dogs in accordance with the rules of the CKC for that event. Judges must also possess the ability to express themselves both orally and in writing and have the capability of doing all necessary paperwork.

The CKC has the right to refuse to grant the renewal of a license to any person, and may suspend for any period or vary in any way a license already granted. The judge will be notified by Head Office when such action is being considered and the reasonsthereof.


Eligibility Requirements - New Applicants

(a) An applicant must be twenty-one (21) years of age or over;

(b) An applicant must be a regular member of the CKC for five (5) consecutive years immediately preceding the application;

(c) An applicant must be a resident of Canada during the five (5) year period immediately preceding the application. A resident of Canada as defined by The CKC By-laws shall mean a person whose principle residence is located in Canada and shall include members of the Canadian Armed Forces and Canadian Diplomatic Corps who are stationed outside the country on a temporary basis, as required by their respective duties;

(i) A licensed or permit judge applying for a new permit or extension thereof must be a resident of Canada. Permit privileges are conditional upon maintaining Canadian residency (see Section B, 7 (d) and (e);

(ii) Licensed judges who are no longer residents of Canada will continue to enjoy the privileges granted under that license, providing that they meet the requirements as set out in Section B, 8;

(d) An applicant must have a minimum ten (10) years of documented breeding experience in which the applicant must have bred a minimum of four Canadian bred and CKC registered litters and must have bred and finished six (6) dogs with CKC conformation championships from a minimum of four (4) litters referred to herein;


An applicant other than a breeder must have a minimum fifteen (15) years of documented experience in the sport of purebred dogs (showing, club membership, official position, etc);

(e) An applicant must be sponsored by a CKC judge who is licensed for all breeds. The applicant's name and breeds applied for as well as the name of the sponsor will be published for comment in the Official Section;

(f) An applicant must have a sound background in the breed or breeds for which the applicant is applying, and documented experience in the sport, (breeding, showing, club membership, official positions, etc.)

Fitness to Judge

(a) All applicants must certify that they are capable of judging in accordance with the CKC rules and in the normally accepted manner. A judge must have the manoeuverability to negotiate a ring both indoors and out with or without mechanical assistance, e.g. a wheelchair, crutches or cane; the physical flexibility to examine all parts of a dog's anatomy and the capability of measuring and/or examining a dog on the table, where applicable; the physical stamina as to adhere to the show schedule and the CKC rules; normal vision (correctable by eye glasses or contact lenses), so as to be able to evaluate dogs within the show ring and complete all the necessary paperwork. Thereafter the fitness to judge requirement becomes part of the annual renewal for a judging license.


(a) Sanction Matches

(i) An applicant must have judged, within five (5) years immediately preceding the submission of the application, a minimum of six (6) sanction matches and/or all breed specialty sweepstakes in which a minimum total of one hundred and fifty (150) dogs were judged. This must include a minimum four (4) all breed sanction matches. Sanction matches and sweepstakes may be combined to meet the minimum total required;

(ii) The judging assignments for the sanction matches and sweepstakes must include the breeds for which the applicant has submitted his permit application and must have been held under CKC rules;

(iii) All sanction matches and sweepstakes assignments along with breeds judged shall be properly documented and verified by the club on the forms provided.

(b) Ring Stewarding

(i) The applicant must have a minimum of sixty (60) hours of stewarding at CKC approved conformation shows. Each ring stewarding assignment must be the duration of the judge's assignment for that day and must be a minimum of four (4) hours in order to count. The stewarding must be done within the three (3) years immediately preceding the application;

(ii) All ring stewarding assignments shall be properly documented and verified by the officiating judge.

(c) Education

(i) Educational activities are a necessary step for advancing in the judging program. It is expected that when an application is reviewed by the CKC, it will be evident that the applicant has participated in a program of on-going education. This may include attending seminars, workshops, breed study groups, reading, formal course of study, breed videos, visiting prominent kennels, working with a mentor, etc.;

(ii) The applicant must attend a CKC Introduction to Conformation Judging Seminar. Ideally, the applicant will have attended before writing the exam (referred to in Section B, 4 (b) below) and in any event must have attended the seminar before the first permit is granted.

Permit Process

(a) The applicant must submit a completed application with all the pertinent documentation to Head Office. The appropriate administrative fee as set by the Board will be charged;

(b) Each individual, prior to the granting of the initial permit, shall successfully pass a written examination. The exam must be taken within a three (3) month period after the applicant has been notified by Head Office that the exam is ready to written. The CKC Board member representing the zone which the applicant resides, will arrange for a time and place for the exam to be written. Should the exam not be taken within this time period, the applicant must re-submit an application. The applicant may not have any reference material available when completing the exam (open book as of 01 July 98);

(c) The maximum number of times that an applicant may write the examination is two (2). An applicant re-writing the exam or parts thereof must wait six (6) months from initial writing. If the applicant is not successful in the rewrite, then the file will be closed for that application. If the applicant reapplies, a new application must be submitted and all the policies in effect at the time must be adhered to;

(d) Once the application and the supporting documentation have been verified, and the written examination completed, the Event Officiating Committee will determine whether the applicant will be approved fort he breeds applied for. If the applicant is denied in whole or in part, the reason for such denial will be provided to the applicant. The applicant must wait one (1) full year before re-applying. During this period of time, the applicant is encouraged to pusue further relevant education such as:

(e) When an applicant re-applies after the one (1) year waiting period, the applicant shall demonstrate that he has undertaken a program of on-going education;

(f) Upon completion of all the above, the total application will be acted upon by Head Office. The applicant will be notified and a permit issued. Upon receipt of official written notification from Head Office, assignments may be accepted. In addition, the name of the permit judge, the judge's sponsor, along with the breeds for which the permit is granted, will be published in the Official Section.

Initial Permit

(a) An applicant may apply for a permit for one (1) or more breeds in the same group with the following exceptions:

(i) Manchester Terriers and Toy Manchester Terriers

(ii) Schnauzers

(iii) Poodles;

(b) An applicant may apply for one (1) single breed at a time to a maximum of one (1) single breed in three (3) different groups, following all requirements and policies set down by the Board of Directors, as though the applicant would be applying for one(1) or more breeds in the same group. If the applicant, after completing all requirements, wishes to apply for an additional permit, it must be applied for in one (1) of the three (3) groups in question. Permit applications will not be considered for breeds from more than one (1) group, and further permits will not be granted until one (1) of the three (3) groups has been completed;

(c) An applicant who applies for a maximum of three (3) breeds will be required to judge a minimum number of dogs as per Section B, 9 in three satisfactory assignments. An applicant who applies for more than three (3) breeds is required to adhere to Section B, 6 (h) of these policies;

(d) An applicant may not apply for more than one-half (1/2) of the breeds within a group. In case of a group with an uneven number of breeds must proceed with the smaller number first.

(e) Where an applicant is issued an initial permit, the initial permit assignment must be completed within a two (2) year period from the date of approval and each assignment must include all the breeds under that permit. The remainder of the initial permit assignments must then be completed within two (2) years following the official notification that the initial assignment was successfully completed and permission has been granted to continue or they will be considered null and void;

(f) An individual who has not completed the initial permit assignment within the two (2) year period may apply to Head Office for an extension to this permit. All extension approvals will be at the discretion of the CKC;

(g) Two (2) observers will be appointed for each permit assignment. The following individuals may not act as observers:

(i) any official of the show-giving club, except the ring steward;

(ii) any member of the applicant's immediate family;

(iii) any exhibitor showing a dog to the permit applicant on that day;

(h) Upon receipt of the observers' reports on the first assignment by Head Office, the applicant will be notified of one of the following:

(i) That the applicant may proceed to judge the same breeds or breed without restrictions as to the number of assignments; or

(ii) that an additional first assignment is required with observers and the reason provided; or

(iii) that due to an unsatisfactory performance the individual's permit will be terminated;

(i) The CKC may authorize a judge to be licensed as a judge of the breeds included in the permit after the judge has completed a minimum of three (3) assignments, provided that the judge has performed satisfactorily in such assignments and the number of dogs as per Section B, 9 has been met. Upon notification of such authorization by Head Office, the judge may apply for an additional permit. The issuance of an additional permit is subject to the policies in effect at the time of application. See Section B, 6 - Additional Permits.

Additional Permits

(a) Any licensed conformation judge who meets the eligibility requirements may apply for an additional half (1/2) group or complete group by submitting tha appropriate application to Head Office. An applicant may be issued a new permit once per calendar year for a maximum of half (1/2) a group. After an applicant has been licensed for four (4) complete groups, he may be issued a permit for one (1) complete group per calendar year.

(b) To achieve competence in the judging world, it is required that each applicant when applying for an additional permit demonstrate their knowledge of the group by reporting reading materials read, seminars attended, kennels visited, specialties attended. Sweepstakes and matches judged for the breeds applied for, etc.;

(c) If an application for a permit is rejected, the applicant must wait six (6) months from the date of rejection before re-applying;

(d) After the application has been verified, the applicant must write an open book test. The test must be returned to Head Office within thirty (30) days from the date of notification otherwise the judge must re-apply;

(e) If the applicant successfully completes the test and meets all the other requirements a permit will be issued and the applicant will be so notified. The judge upon receiving written notification may then accept assignments for the the breeds in the permit. Acceptance of assignments prior to the issuance of a permit may result in loss of judging privileges. The name of the judge, along with the breeds for which the judge has received a permit, will be published in the Official Section;

(f) A licensed judge who has fewer than four (4) complete groups may apply for a permit for half (1/2) a group (the smaller number first in the case of a group with an uneven number of breeds). Once approved, the judge may judge the breeds covered in the permit at an unlimited number of shows. After a judge has completed a minimum three (3) judging assignments for the permit breeds, a license may be issued for the breeds in the permit provided that the required number of dogs has been judged and all observation reports are satisfactory;

(g) A licensed judge who has been licensed for four (4) or more complete groups may apply for a permit for an entire group. Once approved, the judge may judge this permit group at an unlimited number of shows. Upon completion of at least three (3) judging assignments of the permit group, a judge may be issued a license for the breeds covered by the permit providing that the required number of dogs has been judged and all observation reports are satisfactory;

(h) During a permit judge's three (3) successful assignments within three (3) years, the permit judge is required to judge a total number of dogs as per Section B, 9. These numbers will be adjusted every five years if necessary. Each permit assignment must include all the breeds covered by the permit. A permit judge may judge single breed specialties or overloads for the permit breeds; however, they are not counted as part of the permit for total dogs judged and required assignments. If a judge fails to complete the permit assignments within the specified time period, the judge's permit will be null and void;

(i) Where, due to extenuating circumstances, the judge has failed to comply with all the requirements of the permit, an extension to the permit may be requested. All extensions will be at the discretion of the CKC;

(j) When a judge has been licensed for four (4) complete groups, he may judge Best in Show.

7. Licenses and Permits

(a) Upon successful completion of the initial permit, a judge shall be issued a license to judge. The license shall extend thereafter to cover each completed permit;

(b) Upon renewal of the CKC membership and providing that all applicable policies have been adhered to and fees paid, the license will be renewed;

(c) A permit constitutes a provisional authority to judge which is made permanent by the issuance of a "license";

(d) A permit judge who is no longer a resident of Canada will immediately lose all privileges granted under that permit;

(e) Once a judge re-establishes his Canadian residency, a new permit may be issued providing that all policies in effect at the time have been adhered to. In all cases, when a permit is re-issued it must be re-done from the beginning, any previous judging assignments under the old permit will not count;

(f) Licensed judges who are no longer residents of Canada are subject to Section B, 1, (c), (2).

Licensing Maintenance for All-Breed, Groups and Breed Judges

(a) Judges' licenses are renewed annually, providing that the following conditions are met:

(i) Each judge must sign a statement of commitment to abide by the CKC Code of Ethics, the Code of Ethics for Judges (not yet available) and the Guidelines for Judges;

(ii) The judge must be physically capable of properly performing the functions of a judge, as provided in Section B, 2 - Fitness to Judge;

(iii) The judge must be a member in good standing with the CKC and have met the requirements as stated in Section B, 7.

(b) A licensed judge who has not judged at least one assignment in the past five (5) years for each group or breeds for which the judge has been licensed will have his license reviewed by the CKC. On the recommendation of the Event Officiating Committee, the judge may be allowed to proceed or will be offered enrollment in the Emeritus Program;

(c) Licensed judges are encouraged and expected to engage in a self-directed program of professional development. This may include but not limited to: reading, judging, attending seminars, visiting established kennels, etc. In order to maintain the highest professional standards, judges are required to attend the CKC Continuing Judges Education Seminar a minimum of once every five (5) years.

Number of Dogs Judged

(a) In order to complete a permit and be licensed for the group, half group or breeds applied for, the following accumulative number of dogs must be judged:

(i) 1 - 3 Breeds

1 breed = 25 dogs

2 breeds = 33 dogs

3 breeds = 41 dogs

(ii) Groups

Group 1
Full group = 186 dogs
Half group = 93 dogs

Group 2
Full group = 110 dogs
Half group = 55 dogs

Group 3
Full group = 196 dogs
Half group = 98 dogs

Group 4
Full group = 80 dogs
Half group = 40 dogs

Group 5
Full group = 106 dogs
Half group = 53 dogs

Group 6
Full group = 112 dogs
Half group = 56 dogs

Group 7
Full group = 176 dogs
Half group = 88 dogs


	Initial Application (includes initial permit)	$100.00*

Note: There are no additional fees for permits as they are incorporated into the annual licensing renewal.

GST and HST (where applicable) at the current rate will be applied to these fees.


Ed Granger