Under Construction


 

Notes on Executing the 113 Long Form

by: Al Duncan,  revised January 2009

 

Important points to consider when doing the form:

Mind

Head

Eyes

Hands and Arms

Back, Chest, Stomach and Dan Tien

Body

 

 

The Form

 

All turning in the form is done in the waist (involving the hip joints). Shoulders remain aligned above hips, so there is no twisting of soft area between top of hips and bottom of ribs (no twisting of spine).

The form should be practiced for at least one year (two or three will be required by most) with absolutely no intention of force or power in any part of the form. The only thought should be of removing all tension from both the body and the mind, obtaining proper alignment, and of meeting the various requirements of Taijiquan while practicing. Only after totally eliminating all tension in the body and mind can you begin to hope to express Jin (internal power) without using physical ("awkward") force.

The concept of establishing a "straight line" or "connection" from the ground (bubbling spring acupoint on the bottom of the foot), to the top of the shoulder (or crown of the head) must be practiced with every shift of weight from one leg to the other. Even after you have accomplished the removal of tension, and are ready to express power, it is more important to focus on this alignment than in the force itself. In "Shoulder Stroke" for example, there should be no thought of striking with the shoulder - instead set up the proper alignment to the ground and let the attention go to the outer part of the shoulder - the strength will occur there. This is why some translations refer to this movement as "Shoulder Force" or "Shoulder Strength".
When settling into each posture (e.g. brush knee, push or single whip) be sure to establish a connection from the foot right up to the hand, let the feeling of energy flow from the fingers of the hand - the posture is now completed and the next posture can begin.

When moving body and arms, three concepts must be understood:
1. Body moves - arms not move (the arms are carried along with the turning body, their relative position to the body doesn't change)
2. Arms move - body not move (the arms move while the body is still - such as when raising or lowering the arms)
3. Arms and body move (the body is moving/turning and the arms are moving in relation to the body)

Slow and even, smooth and continuous. These words cannot be truly comprehended until you begin to experience them in your form. They don't just refer to the movement of the body, but to the movement of the body in the mind (or the mind in the body?). If either moves ahead of the other, the connection will be broken and the internal strength will end or become irregular. Doing the form very slowly will help develop this connection.

At least 3 (or more) different energies (of the eight) should be contained in each posture of the form.

All movements must be curved or circular - no part of the body should reverse direction in a non-curved manor, folding must occur.

 

 

Joint Hands

 

 

113 Long Form Ė Yangís Style Tai Chi Chuan
As learned from Lau Yiu Lam

 

The 113 Long Form is basically the same form as the 108 Long Form

  1.  Attention Stance
  2. Commencement of Tai Chi
  3. Grasp Birdís Tail (Left)

  4. Grasp Birdís Tail (Right)

  5.  Ward-off, Pull Back, Press Forward, Punch

  6. Single Whip

  7. Raise Hands, Step Up, Shoulder Stroke

  8. White Stork spreads its wings

  9. Brush Knee, Twist Step, Punch (Left)

  10. Play the Fiddle

  11. Brush Knee, Twist Step, Punch (Left)

  12. Brush Knee, Twist Step, Punch (Right)

  13. Brush Knee, Twist Step, Punch (Left)

  14. Play the Fiddle

  15. Brush Knee, Twist Step, Punch (Left)

  16. Chop with Fist, Step forward, Deflect Downward, Parry and punch

  17. Withdraw and Push (Apparent Close Up)

  18. CROSS HANDS

  19. Embrace Tiger, Return to the Mountain

  20. Ward-off, Pull Back, Press Forward, Punch, Repeat Punch
  21. Diagonal Single Whip
  22. Turn Around from Left with Fist under Elbow
  23. Step Back to Repulse Monkey (Right)
  24. Step Back to Repulse Monkey (Left)
  25. Step Back to Repulse Monkey (Right)
  26. Slanting Flying
  27. Raise Hands, Step Up, Shoulder Stroke, Punch
  28. White Stork Spreads its Wings
  29. Brush Knee, Twist Step, Punch (Left)
  30. Pick Up Needle from the Sea Bottom
  31. Unfurl the Fan
  32. Turn and White Snake Puts Out its Tongue
  33. Chop With Fist, Step Forward, Deflect Downward, Parry and Punch
  34. Step Up, Grasp Birdís Tail (Right)
  35. Ward-off, Pull Back, Press Forward, Punch
  36. Single Whip
  37. Waving Hands Like Clouds (3 times)
  38. Single Whip
  39. High Pat on Horse
  40. Hands Rightward Thrust
  41. Separate Right Foot
  42. Hands Leftward Thrust
  43. Separate Left Foot
  44. Left Turn-around and Kick with Left Heel
  45. Brush Knee, Twist Step, Punch (Left)
  46. Brush Knee, Twist Step, Punch (Right)
  47. Step up and Punch Downward with Fist
  48. Turn Around, Chop and Punch Fist
  49. Chop with Fist, Step Forward, Deflect Downward, Parry and Punch
  50. Right Foot Kick
  51. Hit Tiger from Left
  52. Hit Tiger from Right
  53. Right Foot Kick
  54. Hit Opponentís Ears with Both Fists
  55. Separate Left foot and Kick
  56. Right Turn, and Right Heel Kick
  57. Chop with Fist, Step Forward, Deflect Downward, Parry and Punch
  58. Withdraw and Push (Apparent Close Up)
  59. CROSS HANDS
  60. Embrace the Tiger and Return to the Mountain
  61. Ward-off, Pull Back, Press Forward, Punch
  62. Diagonal Single Whip
  63. Wild Horse Ruffles its Mane (Right)
  64. Wild Horse Ruffles its Mane (Left)
  65. Wild Horse Ruffles its Mane (Right)
  66. Grasp Birdís Tail (Left)
  67. Grasp Birdís Tail (Right)
  68. Ward-off, Pull Back, Press Forward, Punch
  69. Single Whip
  70. Fair Lady Works at Shuttle (Left)
  71. Fair Lady Works at Shuttle (Right)
  72. Fair Lady Works at Shuttle (Left)
  73. Fair Lady Works at Shuttle (Right)
  74. Grasp Birdís Tail (Left)
  75. Grasp Birdís Tail (Right)
  76. Ward-off, Pull Back, Press Forward, Punch
  77. Single Whip
  78. Waving Hands Like Clouds (3 times)
  79. Single Whip
  80. Snake creeps down
  81. Golden Rooster Stands on One Leg (Left and Right)
  82. Step Back to Repulse Monkey (Right)
  83. Step Back to Repulse Monkey (Left)
  84. Step Back to Repulse Monkey (Right)
  85. Slanting Flying
  86. Raise Hands, Step Up, Shoulder Stroke and Punch
  87. White Stork Spreads its Wings
  88. Brush Knee, Twist Step and Punch (Left)
  89. Pick Up Needle From the Sea Bottom
  90. Unfurl the Fan
  91. Turn around and White Snake Sticks out its Tongue
  92. Chop with Fist, Step Forward, Deflect Downward, Parry and Punch
  93. Step Up, Grasp Birdís Tail (Right)
  94. Ward-off, Pull Back, Press Forward, Punch
  95. Single Whip
  96. Waving Hands like Clouds (3 times)
  97. Single Whip
  98. High Pat on Horse and extend left hand
  99. Turn Around and Kick with Right Heel
  100. Step up and Punch Opponentís Groin
  101. Step up, Grasp Birdís Tail (Right)
  102. Ward-off, Pull back, Press Forward, Punch
  103. Single Whip
  104. Snake Creeps Down
  105. Step up to Form Seven Stars
  106. Step Back to Ride on the Tiger
  107. Right Turn Around and Sweep the Right Foot
  108. Shoot the Tiger With Bow
  109. Chop with Fist, Step Forward, Deflect Downward, Parry and Punch
  110. Withdraw and Push (Apparent Close Up)
  111. CROSS HANDS
  112. Conclusion of Tai Chi
  113. Attention Stance

 

Discussion of the postures of this long form, by commenting on the long form description in the book "Mastering Yang Style Taijiquan" by Fu Zhongwen, translated by Louis Swaim.

(ISBN 1-55643-318-2; 1st edition - 1999)

 

Note: Posture descriptions from the book which differ from Yang's 113 Long Form are high lighted in red.

I have added to the name of the 113 Long Form movements to further describe their content. The direction of the front foot is included in <> brackets, using the 8 compass points. The rear foot is usually opened 45 degrees from the front foot.

The note Ļ in some of the following lines are to point out the requirement for establishing the straight line from the bottom of the foot up into the fingers and extending the energy out from the fingers into the distance at that moment for the completion of this part of the stance. This should be done throughout the form at the completion of every posture (although the postures should flow together, there is a moment in time both physically and mentally when one posture is complete and the next begins - this will not be seen by the outsider with an untrained eye).

Also note that in all movements where the weight is moved from one leg to the other or when the foot is repositioned, a connection must be made through the un-weighted leg to the bottom of the foot (and the ground) before beginning to shift the weight from the other leg. Don't just shift the weight into the other leg until after it has been "prepared" to receive it.

 

1                 Attention Stance <N>  [1. Preparatory Posture - page 26 (this is actually a part of Commencement of Tai Chi)]

2                 Commencement of Tai Chi <N> [2. Beginning Form - page 27]

     The form has began as soon as the mind shifts the centerline away from the centre of the body

3                 Grasp Birdís Tail (Left) <N>  [part of 3. Grasp Sparrow's Tail - page 29]

4                 Grasp Birdís Tail (Right) <E>  [part of 3. Grasp Sparrow's Tail - page 32]

5                 Ward-off, Pull Back, Press Forward, (Double) Punch <E>  [part of 3. Grasp Sparrow's Tail - page 32]

6                 Single Whip <W>  [4. Single Whip - page 45]

7                 Raise Hands, Step Up, Elbow Strike, Shoulder Stroke, Punch <N> then <NW>  [5. Lift Hands Upward]

8                 White Stork spreads its wings <W>  [6. White Crane Displays Wings - page 51]

9                 Brush Knee, Twist Step Punch (Left) <W> [7. Left Brush Knee Twist Step - page 52]

10               Play the Fiddle <W> [8. Hands Strum Pipa - page 55]

11               Brush Knee, Twist Step, Punch (Left) <W>  [part of 9. Left and Right Brush Knee Twist Step - page 57]

12               Brush Knee, Twist Step, Punch (Right) <W>  [part of 9. Left and Right Brush Knee Twist Step - page 58]

13               Brush Knee, Twist Step, Punch (Left) <W>  [part of 9. Left and Right Brush Knee Twist Step - page 60]

14               Play the Fiddle <W>  [10. Hands Strum Pipa - page 61]

15               Brush Knee, Twist Step, Punch (Left) <W>  [11. Left Brush Knee Twist Step - page 61]

16               Chop with Fist, Step forward, Deflect Downward, Parry and punch <W>  [12. Advance Step, Deflect, Parry, and Punch - page 61]

17               Withdraw and Push (Apparent Close Up) <W>  [13. Like Sealing, as if Closing - page 65]

18               CROSS HANDS <N> (end of 1st, beginning of 2nd section)  [14. Cross Hands - page 67]

19               Embrace Tiger, Return to the Mountain <SE>  [15. Embrace Tiger, Return to Mountain - page 69]

20               Ward-off, Pull Back, Press Forward, Punch, Repeat Punch <SE>  [part of 15. Embrace Tiger, Return to Mountain - page 69]

21               Diagonal Single Whip (open handed) <N>  [part of 16. Observe Fist Under Elbow - page 73]

22               Turn Around from Left with Fist under Elbow <W>  [16. Observe Fist Under Elbow - page 73]

23               Step Back to Repulse Monkey (Right) <W>  [part of 17. Left and Right Step Back Dispatch Monkey - page 76]

24               Step Back to Repulse Monkey (Left) <W>  [part of 17. Left and Right Step Back Dispatch Monkey - page 76]

25               Step Back to Repulse Monkey (Right) <W>  [part of 17. Left and Right Step Back Dispatch Monkey - page 76]

26               Slanting Flying <N>  [18. Flying Obliquely - page 79]

27               Raise Hands, Step Up, Elbow Strike, Shoulder Stroke, Punch <N> then <NW> [19. Lift Hands Upward - page 81]

28               White Stork Spreads its Wings <W>  [20. White Crane Displays Wings - page 82]

29               Brush Knee, Twist Step, Punch (Left) <W> [21. Left Brush Knee Twist Step - page 83]

30               Pick Up Needle from the Sea Bottom <W>  [22. Needle at Sea Bottom - page 83]

31               Unfurl the Fan (Pull, Block & Punch) <W>  [23. Fan Through Back - page 85]

32               Turn and White Snake Puts Out its Tongue <E> [24. Turn Body and Strike - page 86]

33               Chop With Fist, Step Forward, Deflect Downward, Parry and Punch <E>  [25. Advance Step, Deflect, Parry, and Punch - page 88]

34               Step Up, Grasp Birdís Tail (Right) <E>  [part of 26. Step Up, Grasp Sparrow's Tail - page 90]

35               Ward-off, Pull Back, Press Forward, Punch <E>  [part of 26. Step Up, Grasp Sparrow's Tail - page 90]

36               Single Whip <W>  [27. Single Whip - page 91]

37               Waving Hands Like Clouds (3 times) <N>  [28. Cloud Hands - page 92]

38               Single Whip <W>  [29. Single Whip - page 96]

39               High Pat on Horse <W>  [30. High Pat on Horse - page 97]

40               Hands Rightward Thrust (looking at back of right hand) <W>  [part of 31. Left and Right Separate Feet - page 99]

41               Separate Right Foot and Kick  [part of 31. Left and Right Separate Feet - page 99]

42               High Pat on Horse, Hands Leftward Thrust (looking at back of left hand) <W>  [part of 31. Left and Right Separate Feet - page 99]

43               Separate Left Foot and Kick  [part of 31. Left and Right Separate Feet - page 99]

44               Left Turn-around and Kick with Left Heel <E>  [32. Turn Body and Kick with Heel - page 104]

45               Brush Knee, Twist Step, Punch (Left) <E>  [part of 33. Left and Right Brush Knee Twist Step - page 105]

46               Brush Knee, Twist Step, Punch (Right) <E>  [part of 33. Left and Right Brush Knee Twist Step - page 105]

47               Step up and Punch Downward with Fist <E>  [34. Advance Step, Plant Punch - page 107]

48               High Block, Turn Around, Chop and Punch with Fist <W>  [35. Turn Body and Strike - page 109]

49               Chop with Fist, Step Forward, Deflect Downward, Parry and Punch <W>  [36. Advance Step, Deflect Parry, and Punch - page 110]

50               Right Foot Kick  [37. Right Kick with Heel - page 111]

51               Turn and Hit Tiger from Left <SE>  [38. Left Hit Tiger - page 112]

52               Hit Tiger from Right <W>  [39. Right Hit Tiger - page 115]

53               Right Foot Kick (straight ahead) <W>  [40. Turn Body, Kick with Right Heel - page 117]

54               Hit Opponentís Ears with Both Fists <NW>  [41. Twin Peaks Strike the Ears - page 118]

55               Separate Left foot and Kick  [42. Left Kick with Heel]

56               Right Turn-around, and Right Heel Kick <W>  [43. Turn Body, Kick with Right Heel - page 121]

57               Chop with Fist, Step Forward, Deflect Downward, Parry and Punch <W> [44. Advance Step, Deflect, Parry, and Punch - page 123]

58               Withdraw and Push (Apparent Close Up) <W> [45. Like Sealing, As if Closing - page 123]

59               CROSS HANDS <N> (end of 2nd, beginning of 3rd section)  [46. Cross Hands - page 124]

60               Embrace the Tiger and Return to the Mountain <SE>  [47. Embrace Tiger, Return to Mountain - page 124]

61               Ward-off, Pull Back, Press Forward, Punch <SE>  [part of 47. Embrace Tiger, Return to Mountain - page 124]

62               Diagonal Single Whip <NW>  [48. Oblique Single Whip - page 124]

63               Wild Horse Ruffles its Mane (Right) <E>  [part of 49. Wild Horse Parts Mane - page 125]

64               Wild Horse Ruffles its Mane (Left) <E>  [part of 49. Wild Horse Parts Mane - page 125]

65               Wild Horse Ruffles its Mane (Right) <E>  [part of 49. Wild Horse Parts Mane - page 125]

66               Grasp Birdís Tail (Left) <N>  [part of 50. Grasp Sparrow's Tail - page 128]

67               Grasp Birdís Tail (Right) <E>  [part of 50. Grasp Sparrow's Tail - page 128]

68               Ward-off, Pull Back, Press Forward, Punch <E>  [part of 50. Grasp Sparrow's Tail - page 128]

69               Single Whip <W>  [51. Single Whip - page 129]

70               Fair Lady Works at Shuttle (Left) <SE> [part of 52. Jade Maiden Threads Shuttle - page 129]

71               Fair Lady Works at Shuttle (Right) <NE> [part of 52. Jade Maiden Threads Shuttle - page 129]

72               Fair Lady Works at Shuttle (Left) <NW>  [part of 52. Jade Maiden Threads Shuttle - page 129]

73               Fair Lady Works at Shuttle (Right) <SW>  [part of 52. Jade Maiden Threads Shuttle - page 129]

74               Grasp Birdís Tail (Left) <N>  [part of 53. Grasp Sparrow's Tail - page 136]

75               Grasp Birdís Tail (Right) <E>  [part of 53. Grasp Sparrow's Tail - page 136]

76               Ward-off, Pull Back, Press Forward, Punch <E> [part of 53. Grasp Sparrow's Tail - page 136]

77               Single Whip <W>  [54. Single Whip - page 136]

78               Waving Hands Like Clouds (3 times) <N>  [55. Cloud Hands - page 137]

79               Single Whip <W>  [56. Single Whip - page 137]

80               Snake creeps down (Left) <W>  [57. Squatting Single Whip - page 137]

81               Golden Rooster Stands on One Leg (Left and Right) <W>  [58. Golden Cock Stands on One Leg - page 138]

82               Step Back to Repulse Monkey (Right) <W>  [part of 59. Left and Right Step Back Dispatch Monkey - page 142]

83               Step Back to Repulse Monkey (Left) <W>  [part of 59. Left and Right Step Back Dispatch Monkey - page 142]

84               Step Back to Repulse Monkey (Right) <W>  [part of 59. Left and Right Step Back Dispatch Monkey - page 142]

85               Slanting Flying <N>  [60. Flying Obliquely - page 143]

86               Raise Hands, Step Up, Elbow Strike, Shoulder Stroke and Punch<N> then <NW>  [61. Lift Hands Upward - page 143]

87               White Stork Spreads its Wings <W>  [62. White Crane Displays Wings - page 143]

88               Brush Knee, Twist Step and Punch (Left) <W>  [63. Left Brush Knee Twist Step - page 143]

89               Pick Up Needle From the Sea Bottom <W>  [64. Needle at Sea Bottom - page 143]

90               Unfurl the Fan (Pull, Block & Punch) <W>  [65. Fan Through Back - page 143]

91               Turn and White Snake Sticks out its Tongue (Right and Left) <E>  [66. Turn Body, White Snake Darts Tongue - page 144]

92               Chop with Fist, Step Forward, Deflect Downward, Parry and Punch <E>  [67. Deflect, Parry, and Punch - page 145]

93               Step Up, Grasp Birdís Tail (Right) <E>  [part of 68. Grasp Sparrow's Tail - page 145]

94               Ward-off, Pull Back, Press Forward, Punch <E>  [part of 68. Grasp Sparrow's Tail - page 145]

95               Single Whip <W>  [69. Single Whip - page 145]

96               Waving Hands like Clouds (3 times) <N>  [70. Cloud Hands - page 146]

97               Single Whip <W>  [71. Single Whip - page 146]

98               High Pat on Horse and Left Hand Thrust <W>  [72. High Pat on Horse with Piercing Palm - page 146]

99               Turn Around and Kick with Right Heel <E>  [73. Cross-Shaped Legs - page 148]

100           Step up and Punch Opponentís Groin <E>  [74. Advance Step Punch Toward Groin - page 150]

101           Step up, Grasp Birdís Tail (Right) <E>  [part of 75. Advance Step Grasp Sparrow's Tail - page 152]

102           Ward-off, Pull back, Press Forward, Punch <E>  [part of 75. Advance Step Grasp Sparrow's Tail - page 152]

103           Single Whip <W>  [76. Single Whip - page 152]

104           Snake Creeps Down (Left) <W>  [77. Squatting Single Whip - page 153]

105           Step up to Form Seven Stars <SW>  [78. Step Up Seven Stars - page 153]

106           Step Back to Ride on the Tiger <W>  [79. Retreat Astride Tiger - page 154]

107           Right Turn Around and Sweep the Right Foot <W>   [80. Turn Body Sweep Lotus - page 156]

108           Shoot the Tiger With Bow <NW>  [81. Draw the Bow and Shoot the Tiger - page 159]

109           Chop with Fist, Step Forward, Deflect Downward, Parry and Punch <W>  [82. Advance Step, Deflect, Parry, and Punch - page 161]

110           Withdraw and Push (Apparent Close Up) <W>  [83. Like Sealing, As If Closing - page 161]

111           CROSS HANDS <N> (end of 3rd section)  [84. Cross Hands - page 162]

112           Conclusion of Tai Chi <N>  [85. Closing Posture - page 162]

113           Attention Stance <N>