U.S.Ninth Tactical Air Force

A Note About Tactical Air Forces

The experience of the Allied forces in North Africa in 1942 and 1943 convinced the planners of "Overlord" that two tactical air forces -- one to support the British/Canadian ground forces, and one to support the US ground forces -- were essential to successfully invade Europe. Each Tactical Air Force would have its own fighters, fighter-bombers, medium bombers, reconnaissance aircraft and night fighters. Because of their short range, fighter units and fighter-bomber units would have to move to quickly-prepared bases close to the front as soon as the Allied ground forces advanced. The bases were called "Advanced Landing Grounds" or "ALGs". In 1943 many ALGs were built throughout southern England, and fighter wings practised the technique of packing up and moving to them and back in late summer and early fall.

Order of Battle -- June 1944

In the lists below, the order is as follows: the squadron, the commanding officer, aircraft flown, base on D-Day, ALG base in France, date moved to ALG, and call letters. In some cases the squadron moved more than once; only locations during the Battle of Normandy are shown. The information contained in the lists comes from a wide variety of sources -- often contradictory. If you have any information that is more accurate, please e-mail me .

NINTH TACTICAL AIR FORCE (Gen. Brereton)

IX FIGHTER COMMAND (Brig Gen R Etheral)

IX Tactical Air Command (Maj Gen Elwood Quesada)

  • 70th Fighter Wing
    • 48th Fighter Group (Col Geo Wertenbaker)
      • 492nd Squadron, P-47 (Ibsley,A.4 18Jun, A.42 4Sep) F4
      • 493rd Squadron, P-47 (Ibsley,A.4 18Jun, A.42 4Sep) I7
      • 494th Squadron, P-47 (Ibsley,A.4 18Jun, A.42 4Sep) 6M
    • 367th Fighter Group (Col Charles Young)
      • 392nd Squadron, P-38 (Stoney Cross, A.6 22Jul, A.2 14Aug) H5
      • 393rd Squadron, P-38 (Stoney Cross, A.6 22Jul, A.2 14Aug) 8L
      • 394th Squadron, P-38 (Stoney Cross, A.6 22Jul, A.2 14Aug) 4N
    • 371st Fighter Group (Col Bingham Kleine)
      • 404th Squadron, P-47 (Bisterne, A.6 23Jun) 9Q
      • 405th Squadron, P-47 (Bisterne, A.6 23Jun) 8N
      • 406th Squadron, P-47 (Bisterne, A.6 23Jun) 4W
    • 474th Fighter Group (Col Clinton Wasem)
      • 428th Squadron, P-38 (Warmwell, A.11 6Aug, A.43 29Aug) F5
      • 429th Squadron, P-38 (Warmwell, A.11 6Aug, A.43 29Aug) 7Y
      • 430th Squadron, P-38 (Warmwell, A.11 6Aug, A.43 29Aug) K6
  • 71st Fighter Wing
    • 366th Fighter Group (Lt Col Norm Holt)
      • 389th Squadron, P-47 (Thruxton, A.1 20Jun) A6
      • 390th Squadron, P-47 (Thruxton, A.1 20Jun) B2
      • 391st Squadron, P-47 (Thruxton, A.1 20Jun) A8
    • 368th Fighter Group (Col Gil Meyers)
      • 395th Squadron, P-47 (Chilbolton, A.3 19Jun, A.40 23Aug) A7
      • 396th Squadron, P-47 (Chilbolton, A.3 19Jun, A.40 23Aug) C2
      • 397th Squadron, P-47 (Chilbolton, A.3 19Jun, A.40 23Aug) D3
    • 370th Fighter Group (Col Seth McKee)
      • 401st Squadron(Col F Nichols) P-38 (Andover, A.3 24Jul, A.19 15Aug) 7F
      • 402nd Squadron, P-38 (Andover, A.3 24Jul, A.19 15Aug) E6
      • 385th Squadron, P-38 (Andover, A.3 24Jul, A.19 15Aug) 9D
  • 84th Fighter Wing
    • 50th Fighter Group (Col William Greenfield)
      • 10th Squadron, P-47 (Lymington, A.10 25Jun) T5
      • 81st Squadron, P-47 (Lymington, A.10 25Jun) 2N
      • 313th Squadron, P-47 (Lymington, A.10 25Jun) W3
    • 365th Fighter Group (Col Ray Stecker)
      • 386th Squadron, P-47 (Beaulieu, A.7 29Jun) D5
      • 387th Squadron, P-47 (Beaulieu, A.7 29Jun) B4
      • 388th Squadron, P-47 (Beaulieu, A.7 29Jun) C4
    • 404th Fighter Group (Col Carol McColpin)
      • 508th Squadron, P-47 (Winkton, A.5 6Jul, A.48 29Aug) 7J
      • 507th Squadron, P-47 (Winkton, A.5 6Jul, A.48 29Aug) Y8
      • 506th Squadron, P-47 (Winkton, A.5 6Jul, A.48 29Aug) 4K
    • 405th Fighter Group (Col Robert Delashew)
      • 509th Squadron, P-47 (Christchurch, A.8 1Jul) G9
      • 510th Squadron, P-47 (Christchurch, A.8 1Jul) 2Z
      • 511th Squadron, P-47 (Christchurch, A.8 1Jul) K4
  • Recon Group
    • 67th Tac Group (Col George Peck)
      • 107th Tac Recon Squadron, P-51 ( , A.9 2Jul, A.7 ?Aug)
      • 109th Tac Recon Squadron, P-51 ( , A.9 2Jul, A.7 ?Aug)
      • 30th Photo Recon Squadron, P-38 F-5 (Major Richard Leghorn, Middle Wallop, A.9 2Jul) I6
      • 33rd Photo Recon Squadron, P-38 F-5 (Major Leon McCurdy)(Chalgrove, A.9 15Aug) SW

XIX Tactical Air Command(Maj Gen Otto Weyland)

  • 100th Fighter Wing
    • 354th Fighter Group (Col George Bickell)
      • 353rd Squadron, P-51 (Lashenden, A.2 23Jun, A.31 11Aug) FT
      • 355th Squadron, P-51 (Lashenden, A.2 23Jun, A.31 11Aug) GQ
      • 356th Squadron, P-51 (Lashenden, A.2 23Jun, A.31 11Aug) AJ
    • 358th Fighter Group (Col Cecil Wells)
      • 365th Squadron, P-47 (High Halden, A.14 16Jul, A.28 14Aug) CH
      • 366th Squadron, P-47 (High Halden, A.14 16Jul, A.28 14Aug) IA
      • 367th Squadron, P-47 (High Halden, A.14 16Jul, A.28 14Aug) CP
    • 362nd Fighter Group (Col Morton Magaffin)
      • 377th Squadron, P-47 (Headcorn, A.12 2Jul, A.27 10Aug) E4
      • 378th Squadron, P-47 (Headcorn, A.12 2Jul, A.27 10Aug) G8
      • 379th Squadron, P-47 (Headcorn, A.12 2Jul, A.27 10Aug) B8
    • 363rd Fighter Group (Col Jim Tipton)
      • 380th Squadron, P-51 (Staplehurst, A.15 5Jul, A.7 ?Aug) A9
      • 381st Squadron, P-51 (Staplehurst, A.15 5Jul, A.7 ?Aug) B3
      • 382nd Squadron, P-51 (Staplehurst, A.15 5Jul, A.7 ?Aug) C3
  • 303rd Fighter Wing
    • 36th Fighter Group (Col Lewis Curry)
      • 22nd Squadron, P-47 (Kingsnorth, A.16 17Jul, A.35 23Aug) 3T
      • 23rd Squadron, P-47 (Kingsnorth, A.16 17Jul, A.35 23Aug) 7U
      • 53rd Squadron, P-47 (Kingsnorth, A.16 17Jul, A.35 23Aug) 6V
    • 373rd Fighter Group (Col William Schwartz)
      • 410th Squadron, P-47 (Woodchurch, A.13 19Jul, A.29 19Aug) R3
      • 411th Squadron, P-47 (Woodchurch, A.13 19Jul, A.29 19Aug) U9
      • 412th Squadron, P-47 (Woodchurch, A.13 19Jul, A.29 19Aug) V5
    • 406th Fighter Group (Col Anthony Grossetta)
      • 512th Squadron, P-47 (Ashford, A.8 1Jul, A.13 31Jul, A.14 17Aug) L3
      • 513th Squadron, P-47 (Ashford, A.8 1Jul, A.13 31Jul, A.14 17Aug) 4P
      • 514th Squadron, P-47 (Ashford, A.8 1Jul, A.13 31Jul, A.14 17Aug) O7
  • Recon Group
    • 10th Photo Group (Col William Reid)
      • 12th Tac Recon Squadron, P-51 ( , A.27 10Aug, A.39 24Aug)
      • 15th Tac Recon Squadron, P-51 ( , A.27 10Aug, A.39 24Aug)
      • 31st Photo Recon Squadron, P-38 ( , A.27 10Aug, A.39 24Aug)
      • 34th Photo Recon Squadron, P-38 ( , A.27 10Aug, A.39 24Aug)

IX Bomber Command

  • 97th Bomber Wing
    • 409th Bomber Group (Col Preston Pender)
      • 640th Squadron, A-20 WS
      • 641st Squadron, A-20 7F
      • 642nd Squadron, A-20 E2
      • 643rd Squadron, A-20 5L
    • 410th Bomber Group (Col Ralph Raudy)
      • 644th Squadron, A-20 5D
      • 645th Squadron, A-20 7X
      • 646th Squadron, A-20 8U
      • 647th Squadron, A-20 6Q
    • 416th Bomber Group (Col Harold Mace)
      • 668th Squadron, A-20 5H
      • 669th Squadron (Maj Campbell) A-20 2A
      • 670th Squadron, A-20 F6
      • 671st Squadron, A-20 5C
  • 98th Bomber Wing
    • 323rd Bomber Group (Col Wilson Wood)
      • 454th Squadron, B-26 (Earles Colne, Beaulieu 21Jul, A.20 26Aug) RJ
      • 455th Squadron, B-26 (Earles Colne, Beaulieu 21Jul, A.20 26Aug) YU
      • 456th Squadron, (Maj Bob Barker) B-26 (Earles Colne, Beaulieu 21Jul, A.20 26Aug) WT
      • 457th Squadron, B-26 (Earles Colne, Beaulieu 21Jul, A.20 26Aug)VT
    • 387th Bomber Group (Col Tom Seymour)
      • 556th Squadron, B-26 (, Stoney Cross 18Jul, A.15 22Aug) FW
      • 557th Squadron, B-26 (, Stoney Cross 18Jul, A.15 22Aug) KS
      • 558th Squadron, B-26 (, Stoney Cross 18Jul, A.15 22Aug) KX
      • 559th Squadron, B-26 (, Stoney Cross 18Jul, A.15 22Aug) TQ
    • 394th Bomber Group (Col Tom Hall)
      • 584th Squadron, B-26 ( , Holmesley 24Aug) K5
      • 585th Squadron, B-26 ( , Holmesley 24Aug) 4T
      • 586th Squadron, B-26 ( , Holmesley 24Aug) H9
      • 587th Squadron, B-26 ( , Holmesley 24Aug) 5W
    • 394th Bomber Group (Col Richard Joiner)
      • 596th Squadron, B-26 ( , Hurn 5Aug) U2
      • 597th Squadron, B-26 ( , Hurn 5Aug) 9F
      • 598th Squadron, B-26 ( , Hurn 5Aug) X2
      • 599th Squadron, B-26 ( , Hurn 5Aug) GB
    • 1st Pathfinder Squadron, 1H
  • 99th Bomber Wing
    • 322nd Bomber Group (Col Glen Nye)
      • 449th Squadron, B-26 PN
      • 450th Squadron, B-26 ER
      • 451st Squadron, B-26 5S
      • 452nd Squadron (Maj Stanstead) B-26 DR
    • 344th Bomber Group (Col Reginald Vance)
      • 494th Squadron, B-26 (Stansted-Mountfitchet) K9
      • 495th Squadron, B-26 (Stansted-Mountfitchet) V5
      • 496th Squadron, B-26 (Stansted-Mountfitchet) N3
      • 497th Squadron (Maj Del Bentley) B-26 (Stansted-Mountfitchet) 7I
    • 386th Bomber Group (Col Joe Kelly)
      • 352nd Squadron, B-26 RG
      • 353rd Squadron, B-26 AN
      • 354th Squadron, B-26 RU
      • 355th Squadron, B-26 YA
    • 391st Bomber Group (Col Gerald Williams)
      • 572nd Squadron, B-26 P2
      • 573rd Squadron, B-26 T6
      • 574th Squadron, B-26 4L
      • 575th Squadron, B-26 O8

IX Troop Carrier Command(Brig Gen P Williams)

  • 50th Troop Carrier Wing
    • 439th Troop Carrier Group (Col Charles Young)
      • 91st Squadron, C-47 (Upottery,) L4
      • 92nd Squadron, C-47 (Upottery,) J8
      • 93rd Squadron, C-47 (Upottery,) 3B
      • 94th Squadron, C-47 (Upottery,) D8
    • 440th Troop Carrier Group (Col Frank Krebs)
      • 95th Squadron, C-47 (Exeter) 9X
      • 96th Squadron, C-47 (Exeter) 6X
      • 97th Squadron, C-47 (Exeter) WB
      • 98th Squadron, C-47 (Exeter) 8Y
    • 441st Troop Carrier Group (Col Theodore Kershaw)
      • 99th Squadron, C-47 (Merryfield) 3J
      • 100th Squadron, C-47 (Merryfield) 8C
      • 301st Squadron, C-47 (Merryfield) Z4
      • 302nd Squadron, C-47 (Merryfield) 2L
    • 442nd Troop Carrier Group (Col Charles Smith)
      • 303rd Squadron, C-47 J7
      • 304th Squadron, C-47 V4
      • 305th Squadron, C-47 4J
      • 306th Squadron, C-47 7H
  • 52nd Troop Carrier Wing
    • 61st Troop Carrier Group (Col Willis Mitchell)
      • 14th Squadron, C-47 3I
      • 15th Squadron, C-47 Y9
      • 53rd Squadron, C-47 3A
      • 54th Squadron, C-47 X5
    • 313th Troop Carrier Group (Col James Roberts)
      • 29th Squadron, C-47
      • 47th Squadron, C-47 N3
      • 48th Squadron, C-47 Z7
      • 49th Squadron, C-47 5X
    • 314th Troop Carrier Group (Col Clayton Styles)
      • 32nd Squadron, C-47 2B
      • 50th Squadron, C-47 Q9
      • 61st Squadron, C-47 S2
      • 62nd Squadron, C-47 E3
    • 315th Troop Carrier Group (Col Hamish McLelland)
      • 34th Squadron, C-47 (Stanhoe) NM
      • 43rd Squadron, C-47 (Stanhoe) UA
      • 309th Squadron, C-47 (Stanhoe)
      • 310th Squadron, C-47 (Stanhoe)
    • 316th Troop Carrier Group (Col Harvey Berger)
      • 36th Squadron, C-47 2E
      • 37th Squadron, C-47 W7
      • 44th Squadron, C-47 4C
      • 45th Squadron, C-47 T3
    • 349th Troop Carrier Group
      • 23rd Squadron, C-47 Q8
      • 312th Squadron, C-47 9J
      • 313th Squadron, C-47 3E
      • 314th Squadron, C-47
  • 53rd Troop Carrier Wing
    • 434th Troop Carrier Group (Col William Whiteacre)
      • 71st Squadron, C-47 CJ
      • 72nd Squadron, C-47 CU
      • 73rd Squadron, C-47 CN
      • 74th Squadron, C-47 ID
    • 435th Troop Carrier Group (Col Frank McNees)
      • 75th Squadron, C-47 5H
      • 76th Squadron, C-47 CW
      • 77th Squadron, C-47 IB
      • 78th Squadron, C-47 CM
    • 436th Troop Carrier Group (Col Adriel Williams)
      • 79th Squadron, C-47 S6
      • 80th Squadron, C-47 TD
      • 81st Squadron, C-47 TO
      • 82nd Squadron, C-47 3D
    • 437th Troop Carrier Group (Col Cedric Hudgens)
      • 83rd Squadron, C-47 I2
      • 84th Squadron, C-47 Z8
      • 85th Squadron, C-47 9D
      • 86th Squadron, C-47 5K
    • 438th Troop Carrier Group (Col John Donalson)
      • 87th Squadron, C-47 3X
      • 88th Squadron, C-47 M2
      • 89th Squadron, C-47 4U
      • 90th Squadron, C-47 Q7

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last updated 23 July 2007 in sunny Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.