There are a few medical anomalies and ailments that the Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen has been found to suffer from since his arrival to North America. None of these are unique to the Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen breed alone, and are found in the general population of many canine purebreds. All breeders should become familiar with these diseases and take steps towards their prevention to ensure the Petit does not follow the same route as some purebred dogs who have lengthy lists of genetic disorders which keeps getting longer. Hopefully, the future will bring about more thorough genetic tests which will aid in eliminating some of these problems before they are passed on to future generations. In the meantime, some of these disorders will be passed along unknowingly, or knowingly, and it is up to the breeders to take responsibility for each puppy he produces and deal with that puppy in an appropriate manner.If you are purchasing a PBGV discuss these health issues with the breeder to learn how you can raise your hound with the best intentions towards his well-being. If your Petit is affected by one of these diseases or ailments your breeder would appreciate hearing from you and may also be of assistance to you and your veterinarian.
Independent of any Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen
International Database for Petits has been established. You can
help breeders of Petits by filling in information about the Petit that
you already own by going
to this site: http://members.aol.com/pbgvhealth/
Information gathered on this site will aid in future breeding decisions to help produce the healthy pets now and in the future.
Health concerns that PBGV breeders are currently addressing:
Retinal Dysplasia, PPMs, Glaucoma & Cataracts - see
"Ophthalmology" web site below for details. There is now a
Test for Primary Open Angle Glaucoma so all breeding animals can be
Hypothyroidism - see "Canine Health" or "Martindale References" web site.
Heart Disease - see "Canine Health" or "Martindale References" web site.
Hip Dysplasia - see "OFA" web site below for full details. The Institute for Canine Biology offers charts with regard to Hip Dysplasia and the PBGV. If you dog is suffering from any type of joint issues here is site with some helpful information: http://www.workingdogs.com/doc0039.htm
Epilepsy - see ""Canine Health" or "Martindale References" web site.
To read more about the genetic research into the inheritance of epilepsy go to http://www.canine-genetics.com/epilepsy.htm
"Neck Pain Syndrome" - Still yet to be specifically diagnosed, it is similar to necrotizing vasculitis and pain syndromes seen in beagles and Scottish Deerhounds and other breeds. This syndrome is becoming documented in the Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen. The cause is still unknown, often times has a familial link, although not always.
References - Virtual Veterinary
Canine Epilepsy Network
Canine Ophthalmologist - an web site of eye anomalies which have ben
reported to affect the PBGV such as, PPMs, retinal dysplasia and glaucoma.
Hip Dysplasia - OFA
Hip Dysplasia in the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen
A Definitive Study of
the Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen by Vallerie Link and Linda
Doral Publishing, Inc, 10451 Palmeras Dr., Suite 225 West, Sun City, AZ 85373
Les Bassets Courants
(french) by Maurice Leblanc & John A. Miller
Gerfaut Club, 37 quai des Grands Augustins, 75006 Paris, France
Les Basset Griffon Vendéen (french) by Claire Dupuis
Editions de Vecchi, 20 rue de la Trémoille, 75008 Paris, France
The Hound and the
Hawk "The Art of Medieval Hunting" by John Cummins
Now available in paperback through internet booksellers.
Judith Bowman Books,
Pound Ridge Road, Bedford, NY 10506 U.S.A.
- this is a catalogue subscription to hundreds of collectors and out-of-print
books dealing with all type of angling and hunting as well as many hunting
The Canadian Kennel Club Standard (black 1st)
The Federation Cynologique Internationale Standard (brown 2nd)
The Grand Basset Griffon
Vendéen Standard (green 3rd)
The Canadian Kennel Club has the PBGV in Group
The CKC Standard for the PBGV (as of February 1996)
(CKC)Origin and Purpose: Petit Basset
Griffon Vendéen is one of four ancient rough-coated French
hounds; an overall good hunting dog.
General Appearance: A well-balanced, short-legged, compact hound, rough-coated, with an alert outlook and a lively bearing.
Characteristics: Strong active hound, capable of a day's hunting, with a good voice, freely used.
Temperament: Happy extrovert, independent, yet willing to please.
Characteristics: Small, very active and vigorous. The body only
slightly long. Tails carried proud. Rough hair. Head
expressive, ears well turned, furnished with long hair, attached under
the line of the eye, not too long.
Gait: Very unencumbered and fluid.
(CKC)Size: The measurement at the withers for both male and female should be 13- 1/2 to 15 inches (34-38 cm).
(FCI)Height at withers: From 34 cm to 38 with a tolerance of 1 cm more or less.
(GBGV)Height: 39-43 cm with a 2cm tolerance over the limit for exceptional subjects.
(CKC)Coat: Rough, long without exaggeration, and harsh to the touch with thick undercoat, never silky or woolly Hounds should be shown untrimmed.
not too long, never soft or woolly.
Skin: Quite thick, often marbled in the tricoloured subjects. No dewlap.
(GBGV)Coat: Hard and not too long, flat, never silky or woolly. The fringes shouldn't be very abundant
(CKC)Colour: White and any combination of Lemon, Orange, Tricolor, or Grizzle markings.
with white spotting (white and black). Black with tan markings (black
tan). Black with light tan markings. Fawn with white spotting (white and orange). Fawn
with black mantle and white spotting (tricolour). Fawn with black overlay. Pale fawn with
black overlay and white spotting. Pale fawn with black overlay. Traditional names: hare
colour, wolf colour, badger colour or wild boar colour.
(GBGV)Colour: Unicolour - light or dark fawn is not desirable, hare coloured, white/grey. Bicolour - white & orange, white & black, white & grey, white & red(feu), black & red (feu). Tricolour - white, black & red(feu), white & hare coloured (brown hair with black tips); white/grey & red (feu). Skin: sufficiently thick and often marbled in the tricoloured subjects.
(CKC)Head: Head medium in length, not too
wide, the skull is oval in shape when viewed from the front, well cut
away under the eyes, stop clearly defined. The occipital bone well
developed. Muzzle slightly shorter than from stop to occipital point.
Under jaw should be strong
and well developed. Nose should be black, large with wide nostrils.
Eyes surmounted by long eyebrows standing forward, but not to obscure the eyes. Lips covered with long hair, forming a beard and mustache. Teeth: Scissor bite preferred, level bite accepted. Eyes: Large, dark, almond shape, showing no white, with a friendly intelligent expression. The red of the lower eyelid should not show (haw).
Slightly domed, not too elongated nor very broad, well chiselled under
the eyes, the
occipital protuberance quite developed.
Stop: Frontal indentation defined.
Nose: Prominent, well developed; nostrils open, black apart from the white and orange
coats where a brown nose is tolerated.
Muzzle: Much shorter than that of the Grand Basset but nevertheless very slightly elongated
and straight. Muzzle square at its end.
Lips: Covered with abundant moustaches.
Jaws/Teeth: Scissor bite.
Eyes: Quite large with an intelligent expression, showing no white; the conjunctiva must not
be apparent. The brows surmounting the eyes standing forward but should not obscure the
eyes. Eyes must be of a dark colour.
(GBGV)Head: Domed ,long, not too large, well carved out under the eye. Stop well marked. The occipital well developed.
(CKC)Ears: Supple, narrow and fine, covered with long hair folding inwards ending in an oval shape, when pulled forward reaching to the end of the nose. Ears are set on low, in line with the outer corner of the eye.
(FCI)Ears: Leathers: Supple, narrow and fine, covered with long hair and ending in a slight oval, turned inwards and not quite reaching the end of the muzzle. Well set below the level of the eye
(GBGV)Ears: Supple, narrow and fine, covered with long hair and ending in an elongated oval, well turned inwards, reaching at least the end of the nose. Attached below the line of the eye.
(CKC)Neck: Long and strong, slightly arched, without throatiness, carrying the head proudly.
(FCI)NECK : Long and
strong; well muscled; strong at set on; without dewlap, carrying head
Forequarters: Shoulders clean and sloping, elbows close to the body. The forelegs straight, a slight crook acceptable. Heavy boned, pasterns strong and slightly sloping. Knuckling over is unacceptable.
Overall view: Bone structure quite strong but in proportion to size.
Shoulders: Clean, oblique, well attached to the body.
Forearm: Well developed.
Wrist (carpus): Very slightly defined.
(GBGV)Forequarters: Developed framework. Straight front legs. Thick forearm, the pastern bent. The (wrists) should never touch.
(CKC)Body: Chest deep with prominent sternum, ribs moderately rounded extending well back. Back of medium length, level topline with slight arching over strong loins.
Straight, topline level.
Croup: Well muscled and quite wide.
Chest: Not too wide. Rather deep, reaching the elbow level.
Ribs: Moderately rounded.
(GBGV)Body: Ribs - round. Loins - solid, well filled and slightly arched. Brisket - open, large and deep. Croup - Well opened (flat) and muscled.
(CKC)Hindquarters: Strong and muscular good bend of stifle. Well defined second thigh. Hocks short.
Muscled and only slightly rounded.
Hock: Quite wide, slightly angulated, never completely straight.
(GBGV)Hindquarters: Strongly muscled but not too rounded. Hocks large, bent and never entirely straight.
(CKC)Feet: Hard, well padded, Nails short and strong.
(FCI)Feet: Not too
robust, hard soled, digits tight, nails strong. Good pigmentation of
GBGV)Feet: Big and held tightly together, soles tough, dry, nails strong.
(CKC)Tail (Stern): Of medium length, set
on high, strong at the base, tapering gradually to the tip,
with hair, carried proudly like the blade of a saber
(with an air of confidence or cockiness).
(FCI)Tail: Set high,
thick at its base, tapering evenly to its tip, rather short, carried
(GBGV)Tail: Placed high, thick at the start tapering evenly to the end, (espié - cocky), rather long.
(CKC)Gait: The movement should be free at all paces, with great drive. Front action straight and reaching well forward, hocks should turn neither in nor out.
Major Faults: A dog or bitch measuring more than 1/2 inch (1 cm) either way.
departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and
with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Head: Too short, flat skull, short muzzle, depigmentation of the nose, lips or eyelids, short
muzzle, pincer bite, light eye, leathers set high, long, insufficiently turned in or lacking hair.
Body: Too long or too short, lacking harmony, topline insufficiently firm, slanting croup.
Tail: Deviated stern.
Limbs: Insufficient bone, lack of angulation, slack in pasterns.
Hair: Not dense enough, fine hair.
Behaviour: Timid subject.
– Lack of type.
– Overshot or undershot mouth.
– Wall eye. Eyes of different colours (heterochromia).
– Lack of space in the sternal region; ribs too narrow towards the lower part.
– Kinky tail.
– Crooked or half-crooked forelegs.
– Woolly coat.
– Self-coloured coat black or white.
– Important depigmentation.
– Size outside the standard.
– Noticeable invalidating fault. Anatomical malformation.
– Fearful or aggressive subject.
N.B. Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the