Kennel Club Standard (in black print)
International (FCI) Standard (English
Translation in brown print)
The Canadian Kennel Club accepted the Berger
Pyrénées in Group 7 - Herding in 1992.
The CKC Standard for the Berger des
Pyrénées (as of February 1996):
(CKC)General Appearance: A
featuring a maximum of nervous influx under a minimum of size and
weight. His always alert expression, cunning and wary looks, together
with great liveliness
are giving this dog a personal stamp that is not to be compared with
Faults: Coarse appearance,
lack of liveliness,
loaded in muscles, common expression, unsound movement, short or
Appearance: Dog below a minimum size and weight denoting a
maximum nervous energy. A facial expression always wide-awake, a
clever and suspicious look together with a great liveliness of
movements give this dog a characteristic appearance equal to none other.
PROPORTIONS: - the cranium is about as long as broad. - the muzzle is
shorter than cranium in ratio 1/3 - 2/3. - the length of the
body is greater than the height at the withers. - the distance from
the elbow to the ground is higher than half the height to the withers.
Size: Males 40-48 cm, females 38-46 cm, for
very typical dogs an extra 2 cm are permissible.
Males 42-48 cm. Females 40-46 cm. For very typical dogs an
extra 2 cm is permissible.
(CKC)Head: Skull moderately
developed, almost flat with a
slightly marked furrow, nicely rounded on the sides. The occipital bone
little pronounced. Muzzle to blend evenly and in a slight slope with
skull. Stop not visible. On the whole, the head should remind one of
Faults: Skull pointed and oblong in shape; head
short, too long or too narrow; marked stop; hair exaggeratedly
developed, especially when falling over the eyes.
(FCI)Skull: The skull
moderately developed, almost flat with a medial furrow slightly marked,
rounding harmoniously on the sides and has a slightly pronounced
occipital protuberance. Approximately as long as it is
wide. The front section slopes gently to the muzzle.
Stop is scarecly discernable.
(CKC)Muzzle should be straight, somewhat short,
brain skull remaining the dominating part of the head; narrow without
exaggeration and wedge shaped. The lips should not be very fleshy and
are well covering the lower jaw without any hint of a flew. The mucous
membranes of the lips and palate to be black or heavily marked with
black. Nose black, The hair covering the muzzle should correspond to
the description given by the present standard
Faults: Square, too long or rectangular shaped
muzzle; lack of pigment; too much coat with hair falling over the eyes
(see also under
(FCI)Muzzle: Straight, a
little shorter than the skull, tapering like a wedge but without a
Nose: The nose is black
(CKC)Eyes: The very
expressive eyes should be
surrounded by thin eyelids and black rims. They are well opened, of
dark brown colour, neither protruding nor deep set. Harlequin and slate
gray dogs are allowed a pearl eye or eyes showing a partly depigmented
iris, these features being almost always typical with these coats
Faults: Eyes too small, too round, too light;
of expression. Unpigmented eyelids.
whatever the colour of the coat, enclosing expressive eyes, wide open
and dark brown in colour. They must be neither prominent nor too deep
set. Wall eyes or eyes with different coloured spots are allowed
in dogs with harlequin
coats or slate grey coats, of which they are nearly always a
(CKC)Teeth: The canines to be very strong in
to the size of the dog. Scissors bite, Level (pincer) bite permissible.
canines are strong, the dentition must be complete. The teeth of
jaw cover those of the lower jaw keeping contact. The pincer bite
allowed. The lips, not very thick, cover perfectly the lower jaw
do not show any apparent labial comissure. The mucous membranes of the
and the palate are either black or strongly marked with black.
(CKC)Ears: The ears should
be rather short,
broad at their base and neither sit too close on the top of the skull,
placed too far apart on the sides of the head. They are usually
Nevertheless, an uncropped, well placed ear is not objectionable.
naturally upright standing ear is always betraying a cross with some
breed. When quality is equal, the dog with cropped ears is to be placed
the exhibit without cropped ears.
Faults: Ears set too low and badly carried.
(FCI)Ears: They must be rather short, moderately broad at
the base, and placed not too close to each other at the top of the
skull, nor too far apart. They are trianbular, thin, ending in a
point, dropped, dished, very mobile. When the dog is alert (front
view) their edge/outline extends, perceptibly, the line of the
skull. They can also be partially erect. In this case the
lower part must be drawn up and mobile, ideally, the top third or half
of the ear should fall forward or sideways, symmetrically for both ears.
Eliminating Fault: Ears naturally upright.
(CKC)Neck: Rather long, fairly well
blending nicely with the shoulders. Faults: Badly set on, coarse, weak,
quite muscular, well set into the shoulders.
(CKC)Body: Lean. The
back to be of good
and strong. Loins short and slightly arched, appearing to be higher
than they really are due to the thick layer of coat covering the rear.
Croup rather short and sloping. Flanks not very deep. Ribs slightly
sprung. Chest moderately developed and reaching to the elbows, seldom
Faults: Courseness, cobby shape,
is lean. Back quite long, but well sustained. Loin short
and slightly curved; it seems even more so because the dog's coat is
often thicker on
the rear and the croup. Croup rather short and quite
sloping. Chest (brisket) moderately developed, comes seldom
down to the level of
the elbows. The ribs are slightly rounded. Flank only slightly
(CKC)Tail: Well feathered, not very long,
rather low and with a hook at the tip. Should not be carried above the
when dog is excited. Most tails are docked but there are also naturally
short tails. When two dogs of otherwise identical quality are
confronted in the show-ring, preference should be given to the one with
a docked tail.
Faults: Bad tail carriage or missing hook.
(FCI)Tail: Not very long, set rather
low and with
tip, and is well feathered. When the dog is alert, in general, it is just over the topline from above, however, it can curl forward. In countries where
practice is not prohibited by law, certain subjects are shortened. Rudimentary tail allowed.
to be well marked.
Faults: Double dewclaws. Unsoundness.
sinewy, feathered with hairs; pastern joint pronounced.
(CKC)Shoulders: Should be rather long,
obliquely set, the points of the shoulder blades to reach over the
Faults: Shoulders too straight or too short
moderately sloping; the point of the shoulder-blade jutting out clearly
Well developed, muscled
short upper thigh. Hocks lean, low set, moderately bent and sometimes
placed somewhat narrow, a feature especially common with dogs born and
reared in the mountains. All joints to be well bent. Dogs with
semi-long coat have no feathering on the legs. The rear legs can
display single or double dew claws. Since this is an age old feature of
the shepherd breeds, preference should be given to
dogs having dew claws.
Faults: Straight hocks; joints lacking in
angulations are rather closed. Dogs with semi-long hair have the limbs
without fringes. Thighs muscular, but only barely let down.
Hocks lean, placed low,
well bent and sometimes a little close together. The hind legs
or may not have single or double dew claws. The dewclaw being an
characteristic of the shepherd breeds. The subjects with dew claws must
(CKC)Feet: Lean, rather flat, or definitely
shape. Pads dark, nails small but strong. They should be well covered
by hair growing between the toes.
Faults: Too heavily coated feet showing an
unsightly under part. Fleshy toes. Cat-feet. Long and light coloured
nails. Insuffîciently coated feet.
flat, of an accentuated oval shape. The pads are dark; the nails
hard and covered with hair which goes under the foot and in-between the
(CKC)Skin: Should be
thin, often spotted
pigment, whatever the colour of the coat.
mottled with dark patches, whatever the colour of the coat.
(CKC)Coat: Long or semi-long but always
nearly flat or only with a slight wave, thicker and more woolly on the
and at the upper thighs, the texture to be something between goat hair
sheep wool. To be shorter and less thick at the muzzle where it should
display a "blown back look" including the hair of the cheeks. The eyes
must by all means remain visible, never be covered by hair.
Excessive growth of hair on the head,
especially if it is covering the eyes and, as far as the muzzle goes,
resemblance with the griffon. Bad texture. Open and tight curls.
(FCI)Coat: The hair
or semi-long, but always dense, almost flat or slightly wavy; thicker
more woolly on the rump and the thighs, its texture being like
in-between goat's hair and sheep's wool. In some animals, the
of dry hair and woolly hair may give rise to strands on the croup and
thighs. The hair on the muzzle is shorter and less dense.
on the muzzle and the cheeks, the hair is brushed (tousled) front to
The eyes must be apparent and not covered with hair.
(CKC)Colours: Fawn of
lighter or darker
with or without black shadowing, sometimes with a little white at the
head, chest and feet lighter or darker shades of gray, often with white
markings at the head, chest and feet. Harlequins in various shades.
Black with or without white is rare. Clear colours are preferred.
dark fawn with a mingling of black hairs and sometimes a little white
chest and on the feet; more or less light grey, often with white on the
chest and on the feet; blue mottled with black ( harlequin of varied
tones). The black coats
black with white markings are not very widespread. The coats of
colour are preferred.
(CKC)Gait: Because of his overall
the Pyrenean Shepherd Dog displays a rather restricted pace. Ambling is
penalized but it should be considered that this is foremost a gait used
dogs while working with sheep in order to keep up with their reactions,
in the evening when they are getting tired after a full day's work.
is therefore not justified in the show ring. The Pyrenean Shepherd Dog
mostly at a trot. The latter should be clean and strong. At a slow trot
head is carried somewhat high, at a fast outreaching trot the head is
with the topline. The feet should never be lifted much of the ground.
the movements to be fluid, close to the round. A correct gait that is
pleasing to the eye is the result of good shoulder and rear angulations.
walk, the Pyrenean Shepherd has, through his conformation, a rather
gait; ambling is not penalized but it is a gait often used by the
dogs aiming at extending the walk to follow the pace of the sheep, or
at the end of the day when feeling tired. Therefore, ambling is
acceptable in the show ring. The trot, preferred gait of our
shepherd, must be true and vigorous. At the short trot the head
carried a bit high, at the extended trot the head is in the line with
back. The feet are never lifted very much, the movement is
the dog skims over the ground. The correct movement, pleasant to
eye, is given by the balance of the shoulder and hindquarter
Any size above or under the limits set by
animals should have two apparently normal
fully descended into the scrotum.
Nose of any colour other than black.
Pearl eyes with any coat other than slate
Over and undershot mouths.
Naturally upright standing ears.
Cryptorchidism and Monorchidism, that is
having only one testicle or none at all.
from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the
seriousness with with the fault should be regarded should be in exact
proportion to its degree.
appearance: Heavy dog, not lively.
- Skull: Ogival
bulging forehead; stop
pronounced or non-existant
square or rectangular, lack of
pigmentation on the nose or lips
- Eyes: Eyes
too light or with a wild looking expression.
- Tail carried curled
over or above the kidney; tail called "Squirrel
Tail" (folded horizontally on the back); vertebrae fused.
- Hair: Hair
abundant on the head, especially when it covers the eyes and on the
muzzle, when it looks like griffon moustaches. Bad texture.
Curly and frizzy. Lacking density or thickness.
and too big white patches. Harlequin colour lacking the contrast
between the gray and the black or with the presence of
fawn/brown. Black coat with tan on the head and on
the legs (black marked with fawn points).
Aggressive or fearful
- Nose and eye
rims: No colour
other than absolutely black.
overshot mouth. Absence of more than 2 teeth (PM1 the
exception). The absence of canine or carnassial teeth.
- Tail limp and carried
- Ears: Ears
- Eyes: Wall
dogs other than the harlequins or slate greys; white spots on
eyelids. Eye yellow.
White covering more than 1/3 .
- Size: Size
outside the limits
Males should have two
apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.