On the Information in the Database
All of the individuals in this database (which can be downloaded as a zipped GEDCOM file at the bottom of this page) are connected by kinship, either by a parent child relationship or by marriage - it is an interconnected family tree. My database has grown to the size that it has as the result of nearly ten years of intensive research and fact gathering. Many, but not all, of the family lines included are descendants of my own ancestors. I have personally checked my own ancestral lines back, at the very least, to the early-1800s, and at their furthest extent to the early-1600s.
Although I have tried to be as accurate as possible, of course this database is not without errors. The more I check the original sources, the more I have discovered that even what I thought were reliable second-hand sources have errors in them! Not to mention the errors that creep into information that is third- or even fourth-hand. I will repeat: I am still in the process of checking the information in this database. Most especially for individuals not in our (those of: Norman Lee Madsen, Alex Larsen, Lis Anna Lindberg, Marlene Bruun) direct family-lines, check the published second-hand sources cited or go to the source material itself.
Much of the material on my mother's Bornholmer ancestry has been provided to me by two people: my granduncle Vilhelm Svendsen (1896-1980) and my cousin's husband Alex Larsen. Vilhelm Svendsen did much ground breaking research on my mother's mother's family. As well as doing genealogy research himself, Alex has pulled together extensive amounts of existing, published material available almost exclusively through the Bornholm Genealogy Society. The background material has mostly been translated from Danish to English by my mother, Elene Marie Lau. A few of these I have proven to be incorrect.
My own Bornholmer ancestors have lived in all the parishes and townships on Bornholm. The vast majority of Danes were of the peasant (bonde) class. So of course my ancestors have mostly used the commonly used peasant farm-family patronymic surnames ending in -sen and -datter. Some have been known by an additional surname (in addition to the "-sen" patronymic) denoting their occupation (i.e. Smed, Bødker, Møller) - which usually were not handed down to their children. Others gained surnames based on their place of origin or residence, or were gained because of noble title; these surnames often lasted more than just one generation. These include: Ancher/Anker/Anchersen, Bohn, Dam, Due, Gagge, Galen, Hals, Hammer, Hartwig/Hartvig, Hegelund, Hovald, Køller/Kiøller/Kjøller, Kofod/Kofoed/Koefoed, Low/Lou/Lau, Munch/Munk, Piil/Pihl, Rømer, Schou/Skou/Skov, Sonne, Sort/Sorth, Thiesen, Uf, Ulfeldt, Weidemann.
Included in the database is the ancestry of Jørgen Gagge (1470-1551), Gunhild Uf - wife of Mads Kofoed (c.1510-1552), and n.n. Andersdatter Galen (circa 1435-circa 1480) - who was first married to n.n. Hals and later to Otte Pedersen (Uf). It is generally accepted that they are descendants of the Danish King Gorm den Gamle through his descendant King Knud den Hellige, a.k.a. Canute the Holy, (circa 1043-1086) and his wife Adele of Flanders (circa 1065-1115). The noble ancestry of Knud and Adele can be traced back many centuries, though bear in mind that their stated ancestry pre-700 CE enters into the realm of myth and legend, and as such can not be taken literally!
The Bornholm sources chiefly used include: Østerlarsker Slægter by Vilhelm Svendsen (published 1942-59); Familien Koefoed A og B by Julius Bidstrup (pub. 1886-87); På Spor af de Første Kofod'er by Jørn Klindt (pub. 1979); 1000 Aner til en Skovgårdsslægt by Edvard Fabricius Sonne Skovgaard (pub. 1989); Af Oluf Koefoeds Efterslægt by Louise Skovgaard (pub. 1976); Slægten Low-Lov-Lou by Elsa Lau; Pihl (Piil) - Slægten på Bornholm by Flemming Jørgensen; and Kjøllerslægterne by Margit Tobberup (pub. 1980). Also of great value are Bornholm's published genealogical reference material: Kures Gårdejerfortegnelser which documents the ownership of Bornholm's farms over the centuries; and the multi-volume historical publication Bornholmske Samlinger; the writings of Bornholm historian Dr. M.K. Zarthmann (published in the 1930s).
On my father's side of the family, most of the material is the result of my own research efforts, also from some existing family records (i.e. past family genealogists), and my third cousin Marlene Bruun (who has a degree in Danish history). I have made use of micro-film copies of parish registers, census, probate records, and military levying rolls.
In my database can be found information going back into the Middle Ages. Almost all of the information on individuals from the non-Scandinavian parts of Europe for the early Middle Ages and beyond I have received second-hand, mostly from a large database put together by a group of Danish genealogy enthusiasts self-named the Aneklubben Rundetaarn. So as a result I can not stand behind its accuracy. And of course the further you go back the more you get into the realm of myth and legend, so take that information with a grain of salt - I know that I certainly do!
Also included in the database are the ancestry of the famous author Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875) and the Bornholmer ancestry of the well regarded artist Oluf Christian Alexander Høst (1884-1966). Also that of the five renowned potters from Bornholm: Edvard Christian Sonne (1810-1876) and Herman Sonne Wolfsen (1811-1887), the co-founders of Søholm Fajancefabrik in Rønne; Lauritz Adolph Hjorth (1834-1912), the founder of L. Hjorth Terracottafabrik in Rønne; Jens Michael Andersen (1859-1931), the founder of Michael Andersen & Søn Terracottafabrik (MA&S) in Rønne; and Rasmus Peter Ipsen (1815-1860), the founder of P. Ipsen Terracottafabrik in København.
The Swiss Connection:
My connection to Switzerland stems from my great great grandfather Blasius (aka Plesch) Serena, who emigrated to Denmark in the early-1870's. He was born in Bergün, Graubünden canton, and I have traced his family roots in that town back to the mid-1600s. Other ancestral towns are: Feldis, La Punt-Chamues-ch (aka Ponte-Campovasto), Promontogno, Samaden, Soglio, and Zuoz.
Swiss surnames included are: Battaglia, Buol, Cloetta, Dschender/Zender, Fallet, Felix, Giallaz, Gregori, Hartmann, Hassler, Jecklin, Köhl, Martin/Martini, Pol Clo, Rascher, Sareina/Serena, Tott, Tscharner, von Albertini, von Büchlen, von Planta, von Salis, and von Travers.
For my Swiss ancestors, the published Swiss sources for individuals dating pre-1600s are: Historisch Biografisches Lexikon der Schweiz, pub. 1921; Sammlung Rhätischer Geschlechter, pub. 1847, Chur; Rhätische Familie von Albertini, by Th. v. Albertini, pub. 1904; Stammbaum der Familie Buol, by Ant. von Sprecher, pub. 1940; Chronik der Familie von Planta, pub. 1892.
Other Danish places included, on my father's side, are:
Jylland, Vejle county, the parishes of: Bredsten, Bredstrup, Egtved, Gadbjerg, Gårslev, Herslev, Højen, Jelling, Lindeballe, Eltang-Nøre Bjert, Nørup, Ringive, Smidstrup, Vejlby, Vinding, Viuf, and Ødsted. Ribe county, the parish of: (Sønder) Gørding.
Sjælland, Præstø county, the parishes of: Havnelev, Hellested, Frøslev, and Store Heddinge.
Fyn, Båg district: Barløse, Orte, Sandager; Odense district: Brylle, Sanderum, Ubberud, and Vissenbjerg; Skovby district: Hårslev, Skovby, and Særslev; Vends district: Asperup, Balslev, Brenderup, Ejby, Ingslev, Kauslunde, Nørre Åby, Rorslev, and Vejlby; also the townships of: Fåborg, Odense, and Nyborg.
In addition to christening and burial, other information fields are:
For those individuals for whom there was NO precise information as to the date of their birth I have given them an "About" or "Before" birth date. I have done this to better fix them in the time period that they lived, as I have found giving no time period at all confusing and thus more misleading than no estimate at all. I have used all available evidence to pinpoint birth periods as accurately as possible.
I have used the word "note" in the Reference Number field to provide a quick indicator as to whether or not there is background material provided in the Notes field. Generally the most information will be found under those people who are among my own ancestors, although this is not always true. The code-letters (i.e. MA) are my own codes for keeping track of my own ancestral lines.
Included in this database are the names of over 100 known emigrants to the U.S., Canada, and Australia. They date mainly from the mid- to late-1800s. These people are noted with the term "Emigrated to . . . ." provided in Fact Field #6: Miscellaneous.
Added to my Extracted Records, Articles, etc. page my retrospective, analysis and conclusions regarding the first five generations of the Rømer family of Bornholm.
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Finished revising and correcting database using the information from the Jordebøger for the years 1611 and 1622 through 1628, new data reflected in lastest update of April 14th.
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On February 6th I received extracted records from Bornholm's Jordebøger from the years 1611 and 1622 through 1628 for a number of Bornholm's parishes from Sigvard Mahler Dam. I have begun going through these files, and will be using them to update (and correct where necessary) my database in the coming weeks. The first updated database was uploaded today, February 13th.
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Mea Culpa! I have to admit here to my own error. After recently going over the research on my ancestor Niels Jensen (c.1784-1845) of Køge, in a fruitless attempt to find his family in Randers, I found the September 13, 1813 marriage of "Niels Jensen Stykkudsk og Pigen Ane Hansdatter", and the birth record of a previously unknown son [Jens Nielsen (1814- 1815)], in Store Heddinge. This led me to go over my (admittedly tentative) identification of my ancestor Anne Hansdatter as being the Anne who was born in 1781, the daughter of Hans Christensen (1754-1828) and Johanne Madsdatter (1751-1829) of Sigerlsev in Store Heddinge Landsogn.
The June 23, 1814 baptism record for Jens provided new clues to identifying Anne's family in Store Heddinge parish. The baptism provide the follow information: . . . frembaaren af Avlsbruger Jens Christensens Hustrue, faddere var bemælte Jens Christensen og Lars Hansen Væver, alle af Storeheding. Yet none of these people fit in with the relatives of Hans Christensen and Johanne Madsdatter!
This led me to research the ancestry and relatives of an Anne Hansdatter who was born in 1783, the daughter of Hans Jensen (c.1755-1814) and Karen Godikesdatter (1748-1813) of Bjælkerup in Store Heddinge Landsogn. Here I found the connection of Hans Jensen to (his brother?) Christen Jensen (c.1744-1820) of Store Heddinge. The above mentioned Jens Christensen (1768-1820) of Store Heddinge is his son. And weaver Lars Hansen (c.1766-1851) was married to his daughter Dorthe Christensdatter (1777-c1814). Further, I found that Karen Godikesdatter is the daughter of Godike Knudsen (c.1715-1750) and Maren Andersdatter (1720-1750) of Bjælkerup. That Maren is the daughter of Anders Ingvorsen (c.1685-1748), a "Dragoner" (Dragoon) who was station in Store Heddinge Landsogn from circa 1720, first in Bjælkerup (1720), then in Renge (1723), Sigerslev (1724), Store Heddinge (1726), Tommestrup (1727-28), and finally settling in Store Heddinge circa 1730 until his death in 1748.
Evidence that Anne Hansdatter is the daughter of Hans Jensen and Karen Godikesdatter can be found in the October 31, 1813 baptism record of Anne's older half-sister Maren Pedersdatter's son Niels Jørgensen, wherein we find mention of a "Niels Jensen Stykkudsk" of Store Heddinge, who was a witness to the baptism, along with his father-in-law Hans Jensen of Bjælkerup, a little over a month after his wedding to Anne Hansdatter!
* * * * *I believe that Frantz Henrich Schmidt's wife might be the sister of daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel (Oberstløjtnant) Andreas von Buggenhagen (c.1631-1699) and Anna Toppe (c.1635-c.1682), and sister to Anna Maria Buggenhagen (1656-1738). This is based on the following information:
I searched the Nyker burial records for burial of Frantz Henrich Schmidt's wife from 1690 through 1700, and the Knudsker burial records from 1705 through the end of 1770 - nothing found. I did find several references to "Frantz Trompeters kiereste" (Frantz [Henrich Schmidt] Trompeter's beloved) in the Nyker kirkebog, however not once is she mentioned by her own name! I have also searched the Nexø, Rutsker and Åker parish registers for a mention of her by name, without success. Based on the names her children gave their daughters, possibly her name was Anna, Anna Sibylla, or Anna Maria? Unfortunately, I have not been able to find any evidence to either prove or disprove this hypothosis.
However, research provided (on May 15, 2012) by Dr. Kristine Oevermann
(Frankfurt, Germany) shows
that an Andreas von Buggenhagen lived in Neubrandenburg between 1653-68, and that he had
6 children baptized there, namely: Maria (June 19, 1654), Anna (November 14, 1655),
Anna Maria (November 10, 1656), Bernhard (December 18, 1662), Margretha Elisabeth
(June 12, 1666), and Regina Sophia (July 27, 1668). It seems likely to me that
Frantz Henrich Schmidt's wife was Andreas von Buggenhagen's daughter Anna, who was born in
Neubrandenburg in 1655. Possibly Andreas von Buggenhagen was the son of a Bernhard von Buggenhagen
or Berendt von Buggenhagen?
Andreas von Buggenhagen's wife, Anna Toppe (c.1635-c.1682), was born in Neubrandenburg, Mecklenburg-Güstrow, the daughter of Alderman and Municipal Judge Gregorius Toppe [aka Gregorius Töppe, Gregor Tubbe] and Anna Crege [aka Anna Krey], both of whom died in May of 1675 during the great fire that destroyed much of Neubrandenburg.
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Evidently Sigvard Mahler Dam has found evidence that the Jens Uf (aka Johannes, Joens, Hans) of 1377 and 1389 and the "Johane lawesson" of 1407 are NOT the same person after all. Edvard Skovgaard, in "1000 Aner til en Skovgårdsslægt", identifies Johannes Uf's parents as being (Peder?) Uf/Ulf and Marie Jensdatter; and that Peder Uf might be the son of a Niels Uffsen (-1302-) - likely this is the same person as Sigvard Mahler Dam's Nicolai/Niels Uf (-1302-). It would seem likely that Marie Jensdatter the same person as Joens/Jens Nielsen Bild's daughter, who Sigvard identifies as the mother of Joens Uf. The identity of Joens Uf's father remains undetermined, Sigvard Mahler Dam speculates that he might not have used the Uf surname, only going by his patronymic surname. If he is in fact the son of Niels/Nicolaus Uf, then he would have been known by the patronymic of Nielsen or Nicolaisen.!)
Further, Sigvard now speculates that Otte Pedersen Uf is not the son of Peder Uf (-1416-) [the son of the above Jens Uf (-1377-1389-)]. But rather the grandson of an unknown brother of Jens Uf, a hypothetical Torkild Uf via his putative son, namely Peder Torkildsen (-1433-1443-), whose brother Mogens Torkildsen (-1433-1443-) and son, Mogens Pedersen (-1493-), used a seal depicting an equilateral triangle with a cross (ligesidet trekant med et kors), this same image was used by other members of the Uf-family.
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Research published by United Ancestry Inc. states that Hans Peter Lund, the husband of Anne Cathrine Bus (1780-1831) of Nyborg, was born January 4, 1784 in Assens, the son of Christen Petersen Lunde (c.1734-1785) and Mette Hansdatter Buch (1742-1828) of Assens. However, after gathering the information available on Hans Peter Lund, I have come to the conclusion that this is incorrect. The 1834, 1840, and 1845 census, and his burial record, all place his date of birth at circa 1779; further the 1845 census states that he was born in Odense! No baptism record was found for a "Hans Peter Lund" in Odense's three parish registers. However, the baptism of a Hans Peter, the son of Colonel Jørgen Poulsen, can be found in the St. Hans Garnison's parish register.
It seems likely to me that the Hans Peter born in 1784 to Christen Petersen Lunde and Mette Hansdatter Buch is the 16 year old "Hans Peter Christensen" - born circa 1785 - who can be found in the 1801 census of Assens, see below.
From the 1801 census of Assens township:
The above census tells us that Hans Peter Christensen was the student learning the glover trade from Poul Nielsen Welberg. This would make it impossible for him to become a master shoemaker by the end of 1805, as he would first have to be a student, then a journeyman, before obtaining master status! Still need to check the Glover guildbook for Assens to confirm the identity of Hans Peter Christensen as the son of Christen Petersen Lunde and Mette Hansdatter Buch.
The International Genealogy Index (IGI) has an entry made by a Ferdinand Jacobsen for a Hans Peter Lund, born August 1, 1779 in Assens, however the names of the parents are not given. There is a second IGI entry for a Hans Peter Lund, born 1779 in Nyborg, no submitter name given, nor any parents. I have searched both the Nyborg and Assens township parish registers, and all the registers of the parishes in Båg district, for a baptism circa 1778-1780 for Hans Peter Lund - none found.
The earliest mentions of Hans Peter Lund in the Assens register are in three baptism records in June, July and August of 1804, wherein he is named as "Skomagersvend Hans Peder" - no patronymic or family-name is mentioned. The first time he is known by the name "Hans Peter Lund" is when he obtained his burgher license in Assens on December 18, 1804. The Nyborg shoemaker guild records do not yield any further information on his patrymony.
Further research on the ancestry of the Hans Peter born in Odense in 1780 has revealed that his father, Jørgen Poulsen (1744-1813), is the son of Journeyman Shoemaker (Skomagersvend) Poul Thomasen (c.1715-1771) and Sidsel Marie Jørgensdatter (1720-1774) of Odense. And that Sidsel Marie is the daughter of Shoemaker (Skomager) Jørgen Christian Petersen (c.1690-1742) and Johanne Pedersdatter (c.1689-1776) of Odense; whose 1720 marriage record informs us is the daughter of Tanner (Feldbereder) Peder Nielsen Lunde. Jørgen Christian Petersen would later take his wife's family-name of Lunde circa 1740, shortly before his death; also, their son Christian Jørgensen (1730-1794) used the name Lunde/Lund all of his adult life. Christian Jørgensen Lund(e) was also a Shoemaker, and would have been remembered by his sister's grandson, Hans Peter! Hans Peter can be found in the 1801 census of Odense living with his sister, Sidsel Marie, and her husband Master Rope-maker (Rebslagermester) Christopher Jantzen, where he is identified as apprentice (læredreng) "Hans Peter Poulsen". It is my belief that this Hans Peter Poulsen would later take on the name Lund, and is identical to Master Shoemaker (Skomagermester) Hans Peter Lund of Nyborg, and the father of my ancestor Thomas Poul Lund (1812-1857) of København - who was obviously named after his grandfather, Poul Thomasen.
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The following is the latest update on research done by Camilla Luise Dahl and Flemming Winther:
Morten Lauridsen Brynch (in Latin: Martin Laurentius Brünchius) was the priest for ┼ker-┼kirkeby from circa 1604, about whom it is related that he was a drunkard who did not look after the vicarage. Morten tried to exchange the old vicarage for a smaller building nearby, but did not succeed to do so before his death in 1624. The new priest, Didrich Carstensen Colding, built a whole new vicarage, which was later used by his successors.
Rasmus Pedersen Ravn, who according to Dr. Zarhtmann wasn't even on Bornholm until the late 1620s, is described in a letter regarding the property of the vicarage as having been involved in the building of the new vicarage. According to the Hübertz documents there was a dispute about the extent of the old vicarage's grounds, and Rasmus Ravn was called in because he was a witness to the agreement.
Rasmus Ravn isn't thought to have been on Bornholm at the time of the original exchange circa 1624, and he doesn't seem to have had any connection to Åker until he took over as "Sognedegn" (Clerk) in 1654; so a possible explanation is that he was already then (or soon to be) the son-in-law of the priest for Åker-Åkirkeby? We know that in 1646 Michel Nielsen Nosebye referred to Rasmus as being his "svoger" (brother-in-law), and at that time was married to Christine. A note in "Series Pastorum" tells us that Michel Nielsen Nosebye was not elected "Provst" (Dean) circa 1631, after Jens Pedersen Borringholm, because he had been married three times in 1626 (which was a plague year) - however, the names of these wives was not recorded. It is written that Michel Nielsen Nosebye was married and widowed a total of 5 times. Aage Dahl interpreted the note by Jacob Prahl as saying he was married 2 times, and mentions no date; he also has Peder Jensen Borringholm as Dean until circa 1631. Whereas J.A. Jørgensen has Jens Pedersen Borringholm as Dean from circa 1623 until the mid-1640s.
There is no direct evidence about how old Didrich Carstensen Colding was when he married Christine Staffensdatter; further, the date of their marriage in 1624 is merely a construction based on that being the year he became priest for Åker-Åkirkeby (however it must have happened before 1632). According to Aage Dahl, Didrich Carstensen Colding was a student in Roskilde Latin School in 1620: "Theodorus Chastenii, ex schola Roëschildensi" (Birket-Smith, bd. I, p. 39, M. Herman). Further, he is not mentioned anywhere as a schoolmaster, chaplan, etc. before coming to Åker-Åkirkeby in 1624; so if the post as priest was his first position then he must have been fresh from university and not much older than in his mid- to late-twenties (thus probably born circa 1595).
If Didrich Carstensen Colding had not brought with him a wife, but instead married the widow of his predecessor Morten Brynch, then her children were his step-children. Rasmus Ravn's wife Mette's birth year of circa 1607 places her in the time of Morten Brynch. Morten Brynch first came to Bornholm circa 1604, and he certainly could have married a local Bornholmer girl and thus be the father of Mette.
Christine must have married Michel Nielsen Nosebye sometime between 1626-46, and her youngest child was born in 1653 - so Christine must have been born between 1605-30. So Christine could be the daughter of either Morten or Didrich: depending on when she married Michel Nielsen Nosebye - was it in 1626 or as late as 1645?
Didrich Carstensen Colding was likely a young man when he came to Bornholm to take over as "Sognepræst" in 1624 after the death of Morten Brynch. Morten's widow could very easily have been born circa 1585, and thus about 40 years old when Morten Brynch died in 1624. So possibly Mette (born c.1607) is the daughter of Morten Brynch, and Christine is the daughter of Didrich Colding and Morten Brynch's widow (thus born c.1625) - making Christine the younger 1/2-sister of Mette (making Rasmus Ravn "svoger" to Michel Nielsen Nosebye in 1646).
If this is the case, then Michel Nielsen Nosebye and Christine could not have been married in 1626, but rather circa 1645. This makes sense, since the only 2 children we know of for Michel and Christine are: Karen (born c.1645-50) and Didrich (born 1653) - otherwise there is a gap of 20 years between marriage (1626) and known children (c.1645-53). Of course, there was the plague year of 1654 which killed so many people, so possibly their older children all died of the plague? The reliability of a note about Michel Nosebye's marriages written 100 years after the event is rather questionable.
It seems probable that Mette is the daughter of Morten Brynch - but there is no solid evidence for this yet (or perhaps ever). The fact that Rasmus Ravn had some involment in the dispute over the vicarage for Åker-Åkirkeby certainly suggests that he was drawn into it because his wife's family (her father, and later step-father) were involved in the matter.
This would mean that if Michel Nosebye was married 2 times in 1626 then both wives names are unknown. This would make Christine his 4th wife, for a total of six marriages! Most likely there is an error, and it was just his 1st wife Anne Frandsdatter who died in 1626, he remarried in 1626 and his 2nd wife died circa 1645. Both Didrich Carstensen Colding and Michel Nielsen Nosebye could have become widowers in 1626. Didrich's 1st wife (the widow of Morten Brynch) might have died circa 1626 (and he then married Christine Staffensdatter). And (the man who would later become Didrich's son-in-law) Michel Nielsen Nosebye's wife Anne Frandsdatter died 1626, and he also remarried in 1626. Hense the later confusion over the year 1626!
The notes made in the "Series pastorum" in 1738 by Jacob Nielsen Prahl, the priest for Svaneke-Ibsker (who was also a writer and teacher), is generally considered of high quality. Most of the old documents are now lost, but Prahl may have based his entries on now lost documentation, so maybe the note is supposed to be understood as Michel Nosebye having tried to become "Provst" (Dean) after Jens Pedersen Borringholm stepped down in the mid-1640s, but wasn't considered because he had already been married three times by then, and then mentions the year 1626 because there was (now lost) documentation that Michel Nosebye had lost a wife and been remarried that year? Possibly Prahl simply meant that Michel Nosebye didn't become Dean in the mid-1640s because of three marriages, among them one having taken place in 1626? Especially considering the fact that at that time it was so common for a widow/widower to remarry very quickly - often within 2 months.
Possibly the confusion/error came later because Michel later married Didrich's daughter Christine? Possibly both deaths and marriages in 1626 were later (erroneously) attributed to Michel Nielsen Nosebye? Michel's 2nd (unknown) wife might not have died until circa 1645, and it was then that he married Didrich's daughter Christine? Possibly the real reason he was denied the position of Dean was because it was considered that a young woman barely out of her teens would not make a proper wife for Bornholm's Dean; there must have been a few middle aged, dignified priest wives who weren't too happy about the possibility of being made lesser in rank than a woman 20 plus years their junior!
It would also explain why none of Mette's children are named Didrich, and why 2 of her grandsons are named Didrich [possibly named after their cousin Didrich Michelsen Funch (1653-1711), the "Byskriver" (Notary) for Åkirkeby?]. And why Christine named a son Didrich in 1653 - after her father!
Also, it would explain why the name Funch is used by the descendants of Christine and Margrethe (and possibly the identity of the mother of the Funchs in Nexø?) - namely that they are all daughters of Didrich Carstensen Colding. Possibly Didrich had a Funch ancestor - his mother or father, or one of his grandparents? And why none of the children or grandchildren of Mette (and Rasmus Pedersen Ravn) used the name Funch. Although (to make things complicated) one great-grandson, Lars Didrichsen (1728-1782), did use the name Funch when he was married in 1772; however, his name is just given as Lars Didrichsen for his burial record in 1782.
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My recent collaboration with Danish medieval and early modern costume historian Camilla Luise Dahl has yielded interesting results. An analysis of the historical records concerning the stated sibling relationship of Søren Laursen Borringholm (c.1646-1713), the clergyman for Østermarie 1671-1713, and "Han Larsen Klov" (died 1681), who held the position of clergyman for Ibsker for short period in 1681 is probably true. Hans Laursen (incorrectly given the name of Klov) is said by some sources to be the son of Laurids Jensen Wedle (c.1615-c.1678) [aka Lars Jensen Weile], who was the pastor for Østermarie 1639-c.1665. While various sources have stated that Søren Laursen Borringholm's proven sisters, Maren Laursdatter (c.1649-1696) and Birgitte Laursdatter (c.1658-1732), are the daughters of Laurs Sørensen (died 1666), the "Byskriver" for Rønne 1658-1666; he was probably "Ridefoged" from 1663 until his death in 1666, the identity of the "Ridefoged" is undocumented during the period 1663-1671. While Edvard Skovgaard believed that Søren Laursen Borringholm is the son of Laurids Christensen Borringholm (died 1671), who shared the post of clergyman for Østermarie with the retired Laurids Jensen Wedle begining in 1660; it is believed that Laurids married Laurids Jensen Wedle's daughter circa 1660. There is possibly some confusion regarding the name of Laurids Jensen Wedle's daughter: Quistgaard states that in 1664 Laurids Christensen Borringholm had a wife named Inger. However, since Laurids Jensen Wedle was only semi-retired from the post of "Sognepræst" for Østermarie it is possible that the Inger in question is the wife of Laurids Jensen Wedle and not Laurids Christensen Borringholm. It is uncertain when Laurids Jensen Wedle fully retired from the position. Laurids Jensen Wedle was very much alive in 1664, so it is possibly the original record only read "Inger Hr. Laurses af ěstermarie"; which was a very common way of naming the wives of the clergy at that time. Possibly Quistgaard had assumed that Laurids Jensen Wedle had fully retired in 1660 when Laurids Christensen took over the position of pastor? And therefore the clergyman in question must be Laurids Christensen?
Our conclusion is that Søren Laursen Borringholm is probably the brother of Hans Laursen, and that they (and the sisters) are in fact the children of Laurs Sørensen and his wife "Anne Ridefogeds" (c.1629-1689), and that the widowed Anne married Laurids Christensen Borringholm circa 1666, who was himself widowed when his wife (Laurids Jensen Wedle's daughter) died circa 1665. After the death of Laurids Christensen Borringholm in 1671 his step-son Søren Laursen Borringholm took over the post of clergyman for Øtermarie. The widowed Anne Ridefogeds died in Østermarie parish in 1689. Laurids Jensen Wedle was married to Inger [Lund?] (c.1622-1694), possibly in Lund in 1653, or more likely circa 1639 when Laurids Jensen Wedle took over as pastor for Østermarie. Inger's probate in 1694 tells us that she had 2 sons and 2 daughters: Ludvig Laursen (c.1648-1696), Jeremias Laursen (c.1650-1738), Hedevig Laursdatter, and Mette Laursdatter (died 1729) - who was married to Søren Hansen Myre (c.1657-1700) of Gudhjem. A deceased daughter (Inger?) who had no surviving children would not have been mentioned in the 1694 probate. It is possible that the children are all from her marriage to Laurids Jensen Wedle, or that the three elder children are from a previous marriage, and that Mette is a daughter from her marriage to Laurids Jensen Wedle. This arrangement of events fits better with the known evidence and the later claims by the island's elders, as written in the "Series Pastorum" in the 1730s, that the above stated individuals were family.
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Recent research provided to me by Camilla Luise Dahl has led me to conclude that the name of the wife of Michel Olufsen (died c.1631) and Jens Hansen Sode (c.1603-1654), both of whom held the post of clergyman for Hasle-Rutsker, is Margrethe Jørgensdatter. The evidence points to the probability that Margrethe was born circa 1595 in Næstved, the daughter of Anne Frandsdatter (c.1555-c.1626) and her first husband Jørgen Hansen Guldsmed (c.1550-c.1604). Anne was married a second time to Hans Jørgensen Nestwed (c.1575-c.1620), a clergyman who was installed as the pastor for Svaneke-Ibsker circa 1605. Margrethe Jørgensdatter would have been a young child and naturally would have accompanied her mother to Bornholm. Anne's third marriage was to his successor to the post of clergyman for Svaneke-Ibsker, namely Michel Nielsen Nosebye (c.1589-1670). Anne Frandsdatter is the daughter of Frands Grove and his wife Margrethe, who died a widow in Næstved on August 1, 1593. Other researchers have suggested that she is identical to the single surviving daughter of Jørgen Jensen (died c.1620) "a mayor of Næstved". However, no mention of a Jørgen Jensen as member of the town counsel (let alone as mayor) can be found in the Herlufholm Birk Tingbog 1616-1619; there is a Jørgen Jensen mentioned among the "Tingmænd" (jurors) in 1616; however, he doesn't seem to have lived in Næstved, but rather outside, so he may not have been a burgher in Næstved: meaning that he couldn't have sat on the town council in Næstved. Some sources have named Jørgen Jensen as a cousin of Jørgen Hansen Guldsmed. However, the scenario of Margrethe being the daughter of Anne Frandsdatter would bridge the gap in explaining how Margrethe came all the way from Næstved to Bornholm. Furthermore, it is quite in keeping with the practice of the time for a step-daughter of a clergyman to have a marriage arranged with another clergyman on Bornholm. This version makes more sense than that of Anne Frandsdatter arranging the marriage of her long deceased first husband's cousin's daughter circa 1613 to Michel Olufsen, a clergyman on Bornholm, some 10 years after she left Næstved. Further evidence of Margrethe's family connection to Næstved can be found in the probate of Niels Jensen dated October 3, 1695, wherein it is mentioned that Margrethe and Michel's son, Mads Michelsen Borringholm (c.1627-1663) the clergyman for Nylars parish, had two sons, namely Michel Madsen and Jens Madsen. And that Jens Madsen had gone to live with a Peder Sejersen, who was the mayor of Næstved. Peder Sejersen (c.1615-1674) had a daughter named "Soffe" (Sophie) born in 1637. It is highly probable that she is the same person as the "Sophia Pedersdatter" who married Mads Michelsen Borringholm in 1656. Evidently sometime after the death of his father in 1663 Jens Madsen had gone to live with his grandfather in Næstved.
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Kure's farm-owner list states that Claus Kiøller (circa 1595-1666) inherited Kjølleregård, 13 Slg. in Ibsker parish, from the previous owner Hans Køller (-1571-1609), who had inherited it from his father Rasmus Køller (-1562-1574-) - who was possibly the son of a nobleman, and Knight, named Hans von Køller (of Kjølleregård, 13 Slg. Ibsker?) from Pomerania; though there seems to be no evidence forthcoming to support the existence of a Hans von Køller, let alone a father-son connection. (It seems possible that because Hans Køller was considered to be the son of Rasmus Køller, therefore Rasmus Køller must have followed the patronymic naming system and named his son after his father: Hans, who must have been a member of Pomeranian noble family von Köller!)
According to Edvard Skovgaard, in "1000 Aner til en Skovgårdsslægt", the above mentioned Claus Köller (whom I contend died circa 1550), is the son of an Arend Köller (-1534-1568-), the Squire (Godsejer) of a property called "Bower" (most likey Bauer in Bauer parish, Greifswald county) in Pomerania; and that Arend is the son of Claus Köller (-1470-1494-) of Hohensee (in Hohendorf parish, Greifswald county). Edvard Skovgaard speculates that Arend von Köller is the father of both Claus Köller and Rasmus Köller (-1562-1574-) of Kjølleregård, 13 Slg. Ibsker. Skovgaard further states that Rasmus Köller died childless; contending that the heir to Kjølleregård, 13' Slg. Ibsker: Hans Køller (-1571-1609), is the son of Claus Köller. Edvard Skovgaard differs from Kure in asserting that Claus Kiøller (circa 1595-1666) is the son of Christen Clausen Køller and Margrethe Mogensdatter Uf.
Ernst Matthias von Köller, in "Urkundenbuch des Pommerschen Geschlechts v. Köller, 1280-1900", mentions an Arnd von Köller (-1512-1523-) of Bower and Jasedow; he further speculates that a Claus von Köller (-1557-1568-) of Bower might be the son of Arnd von Köller. Claus von Köller is named as the father of an Arnd von Köller (-1608-1614-) of Bower, also lease-holder of Rackett.
It is my own contention that Skovgaard's Arend Köller (-1534-1568-) is not the father of Claus Köller (died circa 1550) and Rasmus Köller, but rather that he might be the brother of Claus Köller; that the two (brothers) are possibly the sons of the elder Arnd von Köller (-1512-1523-), of Bower and Jasedow, mentioned in the book by Ernst Matthias von Köller. Possibly Rasmus Køller/Köller is the son of (the hypothetical?) Hans von Køller/Köller; who might possibly be the brother of the elder Arnd von Köller. Note, however, that Edvard Skovgaard provides no definitive evidence proving his assertion that Claus Köller is the son of Arend Köller of Bower; so these connections can only be considered as speculative.
Rasmus Køller's wife, Boritta, was the heir to her grandfather's farm, Krakkegård (later renamed Kjølleregård), 35 Slg. Klemensker parish. Besides the 13' Slg. in Ibsker, Hans Køller also inherited the 35 Slg. in Klemensker; which he later passed on to his son Laurids Kiøller (died circa 1667). It seems to me that if Rasmus Køller and Boritta had no children then her family-farm in Klemensker would probably have been inherited by her relatives, not those of her husband Rasmus Köller. This would seem to point to Hans Køller being the son of Rasmus and Boritta, not Claus Köller.
The following are individuals about whom I am have reached a dead end. Any assistance, advice, clues, etc. would be greatly appreciated!
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