HAMILTON & DISTRICT BUDGERIGAR SOCIETY INC.



CINNAMONS
Varieties, Appearance, Cinnamon Factor, Genetics

Varieties:
Cinnamon Light Green:-- Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round cinnamon brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered at the base by cheek patches.
Cheek patches: violet.
General body colour: back, rump, breast, flanks and underparts grass green, 50% or more of normal body color.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings, cinnamon brown on a yellow ground and distinct as in normal color.
Tail: long feathers, dark blue with brown quill.
Cinnamon Dark Green:-- As above but with a light laurel green body color.
Tail: long feathers, darker in proportion.
Cinnamon Grey Green:-- As above but with a pale grey green body color.
Cheek patches: grey to slate.
Tail: long feathers, of a deep cinnamon shade.
(It should be noted that there are light, medium and dark shades of Cinnamon Grey Green).
Cinnamon Skyblue:-- Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round cinnamon brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered at the base by cheek patches.
Cheek patches: violet.
General body color: back, rump, breast, flanks and underparts skyblue, 50% or more of normal body colour.
Markings: cheeks, back of head, neck and wings, cinnamon brown on white ground and distinct as in normal color.
Tail: large feathers, blue with brown quill.
Cinnamon Cobalt:-- As above but with pale cobalt body color.
Tail: long feathers, cobalt with cinnamon shade.
Cinnamon Mauve:-- As above but with pale mauve body color.
Tail: long feathers, mauve with cinnamon shade.
Cinnamon Violet:-- As above but with pale violet body color.
Tail: long feathers, violet with cinnamon shade.
Cinnamon Grey:-- As above but with pale grey body color.
Cheek patches: pale grey.
Tail: long feathers, pale grey with cinnamon shade.
(It should be noted that there are light, medium and dark shades of Cinnamon Grey.)

Appearance:
In appearance the Cinnamon differs primarily from the Normals and Greywings in that its markings are cinnamon-brown instead of black or grey. The Cinnamon varieties, as the Standard indicates, correspond with the Normal varieties of the same body coloring. There is also a lighter form corresponding with the Greywings of the same body coloring. A peculiarity of the Cinnamon is that it is born with redish eyes. As soon as the chick is hatched the redish eyes are observable through the skin. When the eyes open their color has become ruby. Within seven to ten days they are of the normal color. The skin is bright pink or rose, and where any feathers appear the feather shafts assume a dark brown shade. The feet are a bright pink and the beak is orange. Cinnamons are usually very silky in feather. The Cinnamon is one of the sex-linked varieties.

The Cinnamon Factor:
The Cinnamon Budgie is differentiated from the normal and graywing Budgie mainly by the wavy design on the wings, which is neither black nor gray, but cinnamon-colored. The eyes appear to be dark red when the young first open their eyes, but that does not last long. Ordinarily, the eye changes color before the young are a week old, and it takes on the normal coloration. A white cinnamon chick has a bright rose-red skin, and the developing pin feathers are brownish. The legs are rose red, and the beak is orange. The feathering of cinnamons is best compared with that of Lutinos and Albinos, usually it is silky.

A male Cinnamon can have the Cinnamon gene as a "null," as a "single" or as a "double." Only in the last case does he exhibit the Cinnamon color. With a single Cinnamon gene, the male is split for Cinnamon. And without the gene, a male from a Cinnamon line is a normal-colored green Budgie. Because of the sex linkage, a female can only be either normal-colored green or true, visible Cinnamon. Split for Cinnamon is an impossibility for females. We have been talking about the Cinnamon factor as if it involved an extra factor. Actually, a factor is missing, namely one of the genes determining black coloration, the so-called "melanin factor." There are two variants of Cinnamon. The lighter of the two is called cream wing, the other is darker and is called bronze wing. Both variants also are sex-linked.

Genetics:
Five types of crosses are possible with the Cinnamon factor.

  1. Cinnamon male x Cinnamon female.- If you want to breed Cinnamons, this cross is the surest method. Both the females and the males issuing from this cross will be cinnamons.
  2. Cinnamon male x Normal female.- The young will be Cinnamon females and split for Cinnamon males. You will be able to distinguish the female chicks from this cross immediately because they have the outward appearance of cinnamons. The male chicks look like normal Budgies, but we can be sure that they all have the cinnamon factor hidden inside.
  3. Split for Cinnamon male x Cinnamon female.- That's a useful cross too, because we know that all males are either cinnamon or split for Cinnamon. This means that all males that don't have the Cinnamon trait visible still carry it hidden within them. The females are visibly Cinnamon or normal.
  4. Split for Cinnamon male x Normal female. - I don't recommend this cross in practice. You should consider it only if you can't arrange any other combination because you only have one or more split for Cinnamon males. The result of this mating includes both split for Cinnamon males and normal males, which aren't visually distinguishable. You will have to do test matings to establish which males have the Cinnamon factor and which do not. The females are either cinnamon or normal.
  5. Normal male x Cinnamon female. - I don't recommend this cross either. It results in only split for cinnamon males and normal females.

The cross, male Light Green/Cinnamon Blue x female Skyblue Cinnamon. For the normal color variations, we would expect to get both males and females from each of these color combinations. But in this case, things are somewhat different because of the sex linkage. As we already have shown, the female can't be a split for cinnamon. Females have to be Cinnamon or normal. Therefore, all the birds with the description Light Green/Cinnamon are males. Skyblue Cinnamon can be male or female. The normal females don't have any Cinnamon factor, not even a split for Cinnamon. The normal females, however, would have been split for Cinnamon if they had been males. The Cinnamon factor can be bred into all color variations of the Budgie. It's possible even with Albinos and Lutinos, even though the factor would not be visible and could be attained only in the split for Cinnamon form. Like the Graywing factor, the Cinnamon color factor softens all the other colors on the rest of the Budgie. The Blue and the Green of the Cinnamon are also less brilliant than the colors of a normal blackwing. And the quills, which are gray in graywings, are brown in cinnamons. The breeder of the Cinnamon varieties cannot do better than follow these general principles which are described for the production of the Normal colour varieties, except that he has to adapt his breeding plan to those rules governing sex-linkage. The Cinnamon breeder must also pay more attention to the colour of the markings than does the breeder of birds with black markings, because there is a much greater possibility of variation both with regards to shade and density. The Cinnamon has been improved in type through the years mainly as the outcome of, in the first place, out-crossing to the Normals. I have written briefly about the production of Cinnamonís because what I have said about the methods of producing Normals and Greywing equall applies to these birds. Generally speaking, the Cinnamonís we have today are of better quality than the Greywings and they are more popular.

E-Mail: berniehansen@sympatico.ca

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Hamilton & District Budgerigar Society Inc.