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ORTH FAMILY HISTORY

 

THE FITZKY (FITZKEE) FAMILY OF DORF-ERBACH

 

 

The Fitzky Family

Johann Peter Orth married Anna Elisabethe Fitzky on June 1, 1847.  She was Peter's second wife, his first wife, Eva Margarethe Orth died on August 22, 1846, just eight and a half months after the birth of their first child, Mary Elizabeth. 

 

Anna Elisabethe (Fitzky) Orth is the author's great-great grandmother.  See picture of Anna Elisabethe Fitzky

Anna Elisabethe Fitzky was born on March 1, 1820, in the village of Dorf- Erbach (now part of the town of Erbach in the Odenwald area of Hessen, Germany).  Dorf-Erbach is approximately twelve kilometers south of Fürstengrund (now a part of Bad König),  the home of Johann Peter Orth (see map).

Anna's father was Johann Leonard Fitzky II, born April 4, 1789, in Erbach and died on March 15, 1863, in Erbach.  Her mother was Elisabethe Katharina Kumpf who was born on September 24, 1796, in Schönnen and died on November 28, 1863, in Erbach.  Anna's paternal grandparents were Johann Leonhard Fitzky, born November 29, 1751, in Erbach and died on July 4, 1805, in Erbach.  His wife was Anna Margarethe (Maria) Hauck who was born on July 8, 1747, in Vielbrunn, and died on February 5, 1813, in Erbach.  Anna's maternal grandparents were Adam Kumpf, born in 1750 in Schönnen, and his wife Anna Margaretha Hüffner, born in 1751, in Haisterbach.

Emigration

In addition to Anna Elisabethe Fitzky, other members of the Fitzky family also emigrated to North America.  Some of their descendants have been located in the United States.  The family name of some of those living in the United States has been changed to "Fitzkee".    

Other known Fitzky family members that emigrated to North America include the following:

Adam Fitzky and his wife and five children who emigrated in 1832 to America.

Friedrich Fitzky (26 Years Old) who emigrated in 1864 to America.

(Source:  Auswanderungen aus dem Odenwaldkreis, Band 4, 1994, by Ella Gieg)

The "Fitzky Chronicles" as reproduced below, further indicate that Johann Fitzky (b. 1786) and Anna Fitzky (b. 1783) accompanied their brother, Adam Fitzky (b. 1777) to America.

As well, the "Fitzky Chronicles" also indicate that a sister and brother of Anna Elisabethe (Fitzky) Orth also emigrated to America.  These were: Maria Sophie Katharina (b. 1825) who emigrated to America single and later married a man by the name of Müller from Zell and Friedrich Wilhelm Fitzky ("Fritz") (b. 1837).  This would likely be the Friedrich Fitzky that is referenced above from the book published by Ella Gieg.  The author has no knowledge of what became of these two individuals.

Fitzky Genealogical Websites

Ancestry.Com "Fitzkee Family Message Board"

Genealogy.Com "Fitzky Family Genealogy Forum"

Fitzkee Family of York County, P.A.

Fitzkee and Gable Family History Page (A Fitzky Family Tree is Available at this Site)

 

  This is a photograph taken by the author in 1999 of a Fitzky gravesite in the cemetery at Erbach, Hessen, Germany.  Dorf-Erbach is now a part of the town of Erbach.  This indicates that members of the Fitzky family still live in Erbach as this is a fairly recent burial.  

The Fitzky Chronicles

Two members of the Fitzky family in Germany, Helmut and Gerhard Fitzky, have written a very interesting  history of the Fitzky family from Dorf-Erbach in Germany known as the "Fitzky Chronicles".  The history starts with the first generation, Martin Fitzky, who was born around 1670 and proceeds through the next six generations.  The original text is German but has been translated into English.

The First Generation

(Martin Fitzky)

"Our family tree"

"Father", Martin Fitzky, born sometime around 1670, we find towards the end of the 17th Century in an inoperative oil- and sawmill in the village of Erbach. There he lived with his wife Elisabeth. This mill stood at the sight of a spring, which flowed in the calcareous underground and resurfaced at the Stockheimer Mill in nearby Michelstadt. Supposedly the old mill was no longer profitable to manage and therefore was given up by the former owner, so that it could then only be used for residential purposes. These conditions necessitated then, that the first Fitzky’s known to us, worked as day laborers on unfamiliar farmsteads in order to be able to get established, get nourishment and earn money. Soon after, Martin became a councilman. This probably means that he was accepted as a member of the village community. The community assembly was the organ of the rural self-government, here the assemblymen decide about the common income and expenditures, the cultivation of land with regard to three-crop rotation, about law and order, and also who should become mayor. In further documents it can be found that Martin was also given the position of Wartemeister. This probably related to some sort of a supervisory post for raising the alarm of the village’s self-defense against vagabonds and stray mercenary groups, who at that time plundered and killed moving through the Odenwald. It was especially the French soldiers searching for their home during this time, and for example destroyed the Heidelberg castle in 1688, that stood at the edge of the Odenwald.

Back then the French king Ludwig XIV respected all the border areas around France, especially like the mountain road to Heidelberg, and destroyed the areas to create a ring of ruined, depopulated and pillaged regions making it harder to attack his land.

With name of our ancestor, Martin, it is with certainty to see that the Fitzky’s were Lutherans. Almost all the inhabitants of the Odenwald were converted during the time of the Reformation by their Count of Erbach This may have been a reason for the surprise attack of the Catholic Croatians 1621.

The Second Generation

(Johann Balser Fitzky)

On June 22, 1699, at around midnight, Martin and his wife Elisabeth gave birth to a son. He was baptized 2 days later and named after his Godfather, Johann Balser Giebenhain, who at that time was a Schultheiß in Dorf-Erbach. The name Balser (also written as Baltzer) is a shortened form of Balthasar. The young Johann Balser also learned from his father the art of weaving linen, the way it was first introduced to Germany in Schlesien. Raw materials are flax and cotton. In nearby Stockheim there was a fabric factory, which probably handled the contracts. At the same time father and son exercised the position of watchman. This obliged die Beobachtung of the surroundings and the decision, whether or not the people should take up arms against robbers, or whether they should prepare to go into hiding, or take to safety at the reservoir.

Sometime around 1722 Johann Balser married his wife, Maria, and had three sons:

Johann Peter (b. Sept. 3, 1723),

Johann Leonhard I. (b. Aug. 21, 1726) and

Johann Jakob (b. Aug. 7, 1729).

His first son was named after his Godfather, Hans Peter Emig from Dorf-Erbach. The second son was named after Johann Leonhard Möller from Eisbach and the third son was named after Johann Jakob Giebenhain.

In the years 1742 and 1747 Johann Balser was in the position to buy a few pieces of farm land. We still today have the purchasing contracts.

On March 24, 1742, he bought one acre from Johann Thomas Weichsel according to the emperor’s law, common law and the regulations of the land ordinance of the county of Erbach. This acre was which was delineated as follows: though the Müllers land in Stockheim (Anton Geißert), though the Dorf-Erbacher Way, the Cuntstreet and behind and though the Land of the Hessen farmer Caspar Rath. The purchase price was roughly 30 Gilder in Frankfurt currency; calculated 1 Gilder to 15 Batzen or 60 Kreutzem. Half of the purchase price was to be paid in immediately in cash, and the Rest in 3 year installments of 5 Gilder. Witnesses for the court were Stallweg wine handles from Erbach and the two towns people of Erbacher: Simon Gerbig and Johannes Jung. On October 5, 1742 Johann Balser acquired from the widow of Johann Christoph Hasterts another acre. We see the family wants to succeed and strive for material advancement. The second acre is up by the Stockheimer Mill and is bordered on two sides by Gollauer Way, by the miller Anton Geißert’s land, and by Cuntstreet. Purchase price: 20 Gilder in cash.

On June 18, 1744 Johann Balser bought a meadow from Henrich Dietrich. It touches the property of Gieberhain, the acre of Caspar Rath as well as Erdbach. Purchase price: 12 Gilder. There is also a contract from November 12, 1746 showing that Johann Balser acquired an acre from Johann Christoph Kunckelmann in Michaelstadt. This land was located in the knoll between the acre of the owner and the land of the miller from Stockheim. The purchase price for the 1,5 Morgen land was placed at 14 Gilder in cash On August 24, 1747, Johann Balser Fitzky and Bernhard Krämer, together, bought an acre from the master butcher Johann Lang and Officer Swilmann was witness to this in Michaelstadt. This acre was in Hollerbusch and touches the back property of Georg Bechtoldt. The price for the 2,25 Morgen was 60 Gilder, payable by each half on Christmas 1747 and 1748. Johann Balser openly and energetically pursued the security of his financial situation and in so doing also bettered his social position.

The Third Generation

(Johann Peter Fitzky)

Johann Balser’s oldest son Johann Peter, who would inherit the family homestead, married his wife Anna Katharina in 1750. The fate of his two brothers, Leonhard and Jakob, are unknown to us. Most likely the relatively small farm could not sufficiently support the large family, so both of the younger brothers left Dorf-Erbach. It is possible that they went to the flourishing cities as craftsmen or became soldiers. At that time in Germany countless independent principalities and counties, like little Erbach, splintered, and the Lords all maintained standing armies. Also many worldly and secular armies shared occupation of Odenwald.

For historical orientation: from 1740 to 1786, the Prussian King, Friedrick the Great ruled, and the Duke of Erbach participated in the Seven Years War with his own soldiers. This is the same time the brothers of Johann Peter left the town for destinations unknown to us.

Sometime around 1760 Johann Peter took over the farm. At that time Friedrick the Great introduced Prussia to the potato from America, and people began, also in the Odenwald, with crop rotation.

On November 29, 1751 the one only child of Johann Peter and Anna Katharina was born. Their son was named after his uncle, Johann Leonhard. This couple name supposedly was a long held tradition of the Fitzky, that went unbroken until for about 170 years, from 1726-1895.

The Fourth Generation

(Johann Leonhard Fitzky I)

Just as his father, this Johann Leonhard I, born in 1751, also becomes a farmer as well as a master linen weaver. It seems that the farmstead and agricultural production, which depended on the weather, were still not substantial enough to feed a family reliably or to provide sufficient work in the winter. In addition, there was the desire to get ahead on a broad front. On November 6, 1773, the new heir to the farm married Anna Margarethe Hauskin (or Hauck).1

These two Fitzkys, our 4 x great-grandparents2, laid the cornerstone for the farmstead still standing today in the middle of Dorf-Erbach3. By 1796, with industry and frugality, perhaps also with the wife‘s dowry, they accomplished to build a first part of the farmstead as seen today. First, the barn and stables were built, since the Fitzkys were still living in the old mill into which they [i.e. the family] had moved about 100 years earlier. In 1800, the new house was built as well. Unfortunately, the builder of the farm, Johann Leonhard Fitzky, only 49 years of age, fell into a lime pit during the construction and died as the result of this accident.

However, his energetic widow, Anna Margarethe, continued to run the household with the help of her six children. The family consisted of four sons and two daughters. The future heir of the farm, Johann Leonhard II, was only 11 years old when his father died of the accident. This act of fate discouraged some of the family members. The two oldest sons, Adam (born on Nov. 22, 1777) and Johann (born on February 1, 1786) as well as their sister Anna Katharina (born on May 17, 1783) emigrated to America, the promised land. At that time, many industrious German farm boys went across the sea to the "land of unlimited opportunities" in the hope to possess their own large farm. Following the turn of the century, there was again great general poverty in Germany because the long Napoleonic wars had again bled the country dry after it had barely recovered from the Thirty Years War.

To finance the passage from Europe to America, Adam (who by the way was christened after his godfather Adam Eckhardt of Kimbach) was allowed to sell the old mill. Together with his brother Johann (whose godfather was the brickmaker

Johann Geyer from the nearby brickyard) and his sister Anna (who is said to have died unmarried in America), the three Fitzkys disappeared in America, and we know nothing about them today, nothing about their fate or any possible descendants.

By the way, the old domicile of the Fitzkys, the mill at the Einbruchstelle4 of the Erdbach Creek, was torn down by the new owner shortly after the sale. After the turn of the century, the oldest daughter, Maria Magdalena (born June 25, 1780), married Friedrich Müller, a Ratsverwandter5. The youngest (4th) son,

Georg, married a woman in Wertheim on Main, where he worked as a brickmaker in a local brickyard. Thus, of the six children, only Johann Leonhard II stayed at the new farmstead.

The construction of this house surely must have been a great effort. For three generations, the family had been satisfied with the old mill. Obviously, the external circumstances of life did not play a large role yet, since people saw how short life was and that (just as today) it hardly makes sense to establish oneself in comfort here on earth. Death was familiar to everyone. Earthly existence was governed by hunger, diseases, warfare and failed harvests. More than 100 years had to pass before diseases and warfare would come to a halt, secure incomes would make life more tolerable, and thoughts could be given to future generations.

The Fifth Generation

(Johann Leonhard Fitzky II)

Our young farmstead heir, Johann Leonhard II, was born in Dorf-Erbach on April 4, 1789, just as the French Revolution broke out. He was named not only after his father, but also after his godfather of the same name, Johann Leonhard Mohr of Dorf-Erbach. Obviously this was a common first name [combination] at the time. It was exceptional that the third son took over the parental farm, which was orphaned and deserted by all his siblings, due to the circumstances explained above (see 4th Generation).

During these first years of the 19th century, the mini-states in the Odenwald region gradually came to an end as well. While Count Franz I of Erbach remained personally sovereign until 1823, his County, together with 22 other formerly sovereign domains, was integrated by Napoleon in 1803 into the territory of the former Landgrave of Hesse, which in turn was upgraded to become the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt (under Ludwig I).

This is how Napoleon obligated the German princes to loyalty toward him, while forcing them to provide soldiers for his campaigns. Our young farmstead heir Leonhard II also had to be a soldier first, in his young years. He went with Napoleon to Moscow, survived the retreat and even the bloody battle of Beresina before returning to his village unharmed. Wenn the victorious Prussians entered Dorf-Erbach later, Johann Leonhard initially decided to hide from the unloved Prussians. But soon the situation normalized.

For that reason, it was relatively late, in 1819, when our farmstead heir, now 30 years old, could marry 23-year old Elisabetha Katharina Kumpf from nearby Schönnen. These two became our 3 x great-grandparents. Within 17 years, they had eight children, and only the fifth was the long awaited boy, the necessary heir for the farmstead.

The following were their eight children:

March 1, 1820: Anna Elisabeth, who married Johann Peter Orth in nearby Fürstengrund and had 6 children. They emigrated to Wallace Township, Ontario, Canada, between 1850 and 1860.

December 31,1822: Anna Margarethe, who died young and unmarried.

April 19, 1825: Maria Sophie Katharina, who emigrated to America when she was single and later married a Müller from Zell.

July 21, 1828: Eva Elisabeth, who died young and unmarried.

October 2, 1830: Johann Georg Leonhard III, the future farmstead heir.

June 20, 1833: Georg Wilhelm, who married a woman in Zell and had two children; he died on February 13, 1903 at the age of 70.

August 28, 1835: Friederike Eleonore Katharina, who married a tailor, Johann Jakob Giebenhain, and died on September 17, 1899 at the age of 64.

July 4, 1837: Friedrich Wilhelm, called Fritz, who also emigrated to America and was never heard from again.

Thus, three children emigrated to America, and five stayed at home, two of whom died young.

Our 3 x great-grandfather, who was much challenged early in life and proved to be extremely tough and healthy, was 79 years old when he died on March 15, 1868 — a ripe old age for a farmer at that time. He determined that his oldest son of the same name was to inherit the undivided farm, while the other children, probably for the lack of capital, but also because it was the common law, fared rather poorly.

Surely the children also recognized it as an inevitable obligation that the farm — without being weakened by divisions and large cash payments — had to be retained as a whole. Even then, the very nature of the German farm society was rooted in the inheritance of agricultural land. The system included an obligation to operate the farm on behalf of the descendants, in honour of the ancestors and with an internal connection with the inherited land. This philosophy of farming has survived to this day. However, under the effect of a constant over-supply, it seems to be gradually paling at the end of the 20th century.

Translator's Notes for the Fourth and Fifth Generations (Peter Hessel):

1 It was common in the 18th century to record women by the feminine form of their surname, i.e. Hauck (male), Hauckin (female). The “Hauskin” version may be the result of a misread handwritten entry.

2 I found this translation key a while ago, which makes things easier when we resarch “the very olden days”:

Father / Mother                                    Vater / Mutter

Grandfather / Grandmother                   Großvater / Großmutter

Great-Grandfather / ... mother               Urgroßvater / Urgroßmutter

2 x Great-Grandfather / ... mother         Altvater / Altmutter [great-great-grandfather]

3 x Great-Grandfather / ... mother         Altgroßvater / Altgroßmutter [great-great-great-grandfather]

4 x Great-Grandfather / ... mother         Alturgroßvater / Alturgroßmutter [g-g-g-g-grandfather]

5 x Great-Grandfather / ... mother         Obervater / Obermutter [.....]

6 x Great-Grandfather / ... mother         Obergroßvater / Obergroßmutter

7 x Great-Grandfather / ... mother         Oberurgroßvater / Oberurgroßmutter

8 x Great-Grandfather / ... mother         Stammvater / Stamm-Mutter

9 x Great-Grandfather / ... mother         Stammgroßvater / Stammgroßmutter

10 x Great-Grandfather / ... mother       Stammurgroßvater / Stammurgroßmutter

11 x Great-Grandfather / ... mother       Ahnenvater / Ahnenmutter

12 x Great-Grandfather / ... mother       Ahnengroßvater / Ahnengroßmutter

13 x Great-Grandfather / ... mother       Ahnenurgroßvater / Ahnenurgroßmutter

I have not yet found any comparable English equivalents for these German designations, but I think the x system works better than “great-great-great-great ...”

3 Dorf-Erbach means the village of Erbach, but it was also the place name, probably to distinguish it from the estate of Erbach. 

4 This unusual regional (geological) term probably means a caved-in (deep) part of the creek bed.

5 Ratsverwandte were well-to-do citizens who were entitled to serve on the municipal council. 

The Sixth Generation

(Johann Georg Leonhard Fitzky III)

Johann Georg Leonhard III was born in 1830. He inherited the farm from his father and presumably took it over gradually about 1850, after his father had passed the age of 60. Even in this remote little Odenwald village, the restless years of the German Revolution of 1848 left their mark more than initially expected, although the farmers here had been free for a long time, and they felt less harassed by the country’s still absolute rulers than the inhabitants of the cities. Village life was characterized almost exclusively by hard physical labour and dependence on the weather. In spite of this, many people in Dorf-Erbach were motivated to emigrate to America because they were dissatisfied with politics, but also with the meager earnings from their small farms. Among these were again three Fitzkys of the 5th generation. They may have been enticed by letters from Uncle and Aunt in America.

In 1857, the heir to the farm, who was now 27 years old, married Eva Maria Weyrauch from nearby Ober-Mossau. She was only a year younger. Her father was a farmer, but he had died at a young age, leaving behind a whole string of dependent daughters. Johann Georg Leonhard Fitzky, of whom we have a photo (see illustration on page 15), was concerned at an early time not only with his family and farm, but also with village matters. He became a municipal councillor and took over the office of school board trustee. After all, our great-great-grandparents had contributed eight children themselves. 

These eight children of our great-great-grandparents - including our great-grandfather - were:

August 29, 1857: Georg Wilhelm, the future heir of the farm. He was born at 12 o’clock noon.  His godfather was his father’s brother, Uncle Georg Wilhelm, who was still single at the time, but later married a woman in Zell. Our connections with that line have been maintained to this day, and we have a family tree.

May 12, 1859: Maria Elisabetha is born at 8 p.m. Her godmother was her aunt, her mother’s unmarried sister, Maria Elisabetha Weyrauch. She [Maria Elisabetha] remained single, became a seamstress and lived in Dorf-Erbach, where she died on September 21, 1918 at the age of 59.

1861:  Sophie’s godmother was her aunt, Sophie Zwingler nee Weyrauch, a sister of her mother. She married the cabinetmaker Müller in the town of Erbach; they had five children. This line continues to this day, but the connection was not continued. Sophie died on March 2, 1929, at the age of 68.

February 28, 1863: Katharina Elisabetha was born at 10 p.m. Her godmother was a sister of her mother, Katharina Elisabetha Krämer nee Weyrauch. She [Katharina Elisabetha] married Master Locksmith Wilhelm Ewald, and they had 5 children. This last line, too, continues to this day, but we did not maintain any connections with them.  However, we do have a family tree.

September 9, 1865: our grandfather Johann was born at 3 p.m., as the second son and the 5th child. He was baptized on September 21st. His “Gevatter” [Godfather] was Johannes Old, son of an innkeeper in Hainstadt, District of Neustadt. Johann became a postmaster, married, had two children, and died on his 87th birthday in 1952, in Bad Soden [Taunus Region]. This is “our” direct line, as it is described below under “seventh generation”.

November 26, 1867: Anna Sophia was born at 4 p.m.  Her godmother was her grandmother, Anna Sophia Krämer nee Hoerr. Anna remained unmarried, became a nurse and died at the age of 83 on August 23, 1950.

May 5, 1870: Philipp Heinrich was born at 10 a.m. His godfather was his uncle, Philipp Heinrich Weyrauch. In Heinrich‘s youth, his arm was caught in a threshing machine and had to be amputated. The wound failed to heal properly, and he died of consumption at the age of 38, on April 14, 1908.

June 18, 1872: Johann Georg was born at 9:30 p.m. His godfather was the husband of his mother’s sister, Johann Georg Lust. This last [youngest] son married Magdalena Hotze. There were no children of the  marriage .Georg also became a postmaster and was actually promoted to one step higher than his brother Johann. Georg died in Göttingen. 

Thus, of the four boys and four girls, five were married. Two daughters and the second-last son, who had a long illness and died young, remained single. No one now emigrated to America. The unmarried daughters had quite a difficult time then. There were virtually no jobs for women, and no opportunities for an education. For that reason, Maria Elisabetha earned a little money as a seamstress, while Anna Sophia had nursing patients. They all lived at home and had to help with the hard work on the farm. Their alternative would have been to work as a maid in another household. In any case, they would have been unable to save much money: inflation, failed harvests, expenses for rent, food and heating ate up the little bit of cash they would ever come to see. While they belonged to the small minority of country people who could already read and write, they had no time to leave any written records for posterity, let alone pictures, furniture or any other valuables. Until the end of the 19th century, the large family maintained contact with each other. On the occasion of the father’s funeral in 1895, all eight siblings could be captured in a single photo in Dorf-Erbach.

Soon after, they were scattered in all directions. In time, they also sometimes discontinued contact with each other. It is possible that some were dissatisfied with their inheritance. One example for this was the dispersal of a wardrobe. After all, both parents of these eight children, i.e. our great-great-grandparents, died relatively early, in the 1890s - our great-great-grandmother at 60, and our great-great-grandfather at 65.

Apart from the main line in Dorf-Erbach, the history of “our” line now runs from the 7th to (so far) the 12th generation, which has already reached the age of youth. Thus, our history of the Fitzky family covers the period from 1670 to 2002, i.e. an era of more than 330 years. 

The Seventh Generation

(Johann Fitzky)

Johann Fitzky  was born on September 9, 1865, in Dorf-Erbach, in the then Grand-Duchy of Hesse [Grossherzogtum Hessen]. He was the fifth child and second son of the farmer, Johann Georg Leonhard Fitzky (born in Dorf-Erbach on October 2, 1830, died in Dorf-Erbach on November 25, 1895) and his wife, Eva Maria nee. Weyrauch (born in nearby Ober-Mossau on  February 26, 1831, died in Dorf-Erbach on. January 2, 1891. He [Johann Fitzky] was baptized on September 21, 1865. His godfather was Johannes Old, a friend [of the parents], the son of an innkeeper in Hainstadt, District of Neustadt, Odenwald.

Since it was certain that the paternal farm had to be inherited in undivided form by the eldest son, Johann — as well all his other seven siblings - had to look around for another source of income. Although far more than 100 years have passed since then, we have some authentic documents about his life history. Also, thanks to his reminiscences about events that had previously been known only from hearsay, we were now able to write this chronicle and save our family history from being completely forgotten..

Until his 11th year, Johann attended public primary school [Volksschule] in Dorf-Erbach, i.e. until about 1876. Then he attended the Category 2 Secondary School [Realschule II. Ordnung] in nearby Michelstadt, from which he graduated as a 17-year old in April, 1882. In addition to a solid general education, he also acquired a knowledge of French, English and Latin. Furthermore, based on the type of graduation, he was now qualified to serve in the military for only one year (instead of the regular three years) and to enter the intermediate-level of the public service.

On June 2, 1882, Johann began his postal career as a postal apprentice [Postgehilfe] at the post office in the town of Erbach in the Odenwald region. [It is remarkable that] even at that time, a woman was in charge of this post office. But he only stayed there for ten months. On April 18, 1883, he was transferred to the post office in Gross-Zimmern [Groß-Zimmern], 10 km east of Darmstadt. Another three months later, on August 1, 1883, he was sent to Gernsheim on the Rhine for ten months. From May 30, 1884, to October 24, 1886, Johann worked in Darmstadt and in Mainz. He passed his Postal Assistant examination on July 22, 1886. On October 25, 1886, the now 21-year old farmer’s son from the little Odenwald village was transferred to Berlin, the capital of Germany, which must have made a tremendous impression on him.

In Berlin, on April 1, 1891, Johann became a full-fledged Postal Assistant and thus a Royal Public Servant at the Imperial Higher Postal Administration in Berlin. We still have his appointment document. His annual salary at the Railway Post Office 18, where he was initially employed, was a total of 1500 marks.

Authors:

 

Helmut Fitzky, 1995

Gerhard Fitzky, 2002

 

Translation of the first to third generations was arranged by Melissa Fitzkee.  The Translation of Generations four to six were done by Peter Hessel, as arranged for by the author of this Webpage.

 

 

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