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ORTH FAMILY HISTORY

Version: December 2008 (Revised Version)

    The Nickel - Orth Families of Wallace Township, Perth County, Ontario, Canada

 

Table of Contents:

  1. Introduction

  2. Jorge ("Georg") Nickel - Family and History

  3. The Children of Jorge and Eva Katharina (Catherine) Nickel

  4. The Family of John S. Nickel and Katharina (Orth) Nickel

  5. The Family of John G. Nickel and Catherine Elizabeth (Orth)   Nickel

  6. The Family of John M. Nickel and Elizabeth Margaret (Orth) Nickel

  7. Other Nickels Living in Wallace Township

A.  Introduction

This page contains information about the Nickel family members that settled in Wallace Township at the same time as Johann Peter Orth. Three Orth family women eventually married into the these Nickel families. One was Katharina Orth, a sister of Johann Peter Orth, who married John S. Nickel. Another was Catherine Elizabeth Orth who married Johann George Nickel. Catherine Elizabeth Orth was a daughter of Philip Jacob Orth, a brother to Johann Peter Orth and Katharina Orth. The third marriage was between Elizabeth Margaret Orth and Johannus M. Nickel. Elizabeth Margaret was another daughter of Philip Jacob Orth.

For the sake of simplicity  throughout this article, the names of the Nickel men who married Orth family women will be known as John S. Nickel, John G. Nickel and John M. Nickel. Also, it should also be noted that the surname "Nickel" often appears in various formats (e.g. Nichol, Nikel, Nickel, Nickle, Nickal) depending on the source. Probably, this is due to officials such as census takers spelling the name phonetically or based on the English or Scottish name, Nichol. For the sake of consistency, this article uses the spelling "Nickel" unless the context requires otherwise.

These Nickel men appear to have different connections to the Nickel families of Fürstengrund. John S. Nickel and John G. Nickel were the sons of Jorge Nickel who came from Fürstengrund in Hessen-Darmstadt in Germany. This was the same ancestral village as the Orth family.  On the other hand, John M. Nickel, the son of Frederick Nickel and Katherine Elizabeth Bauer, is reported to have been born in the German state of Baden.  However, as discussed below, it is strongly believed that his "father", Frederick Nickel, came from Fürstengrund.

B.  Jorge ("Georg") Nickel  - Family and History

Jorge Nickel was born in 1804 as Johann Georg Nickel, a son of George Philipp Nickel who was a carpenter. The Nickel family lived at Fürstengrunder Strasse 111. Jorge later became a carpenter following in his father's occupation. Not a great deal is known about the early years of Jorge Nickel when he was living in Fürstengrund. However, the Fürstengrund history makes reference to the fact that he was married twice. His first wife was Regina Saul who lived from 1797 to 1836.  She was from Fürstengrund.  They were married in 1828. His second wife was Eva Katharina Geidel whom he married in 1837.

A written history of Fürstengrund indicates that the Nickel family have lived in Fürstengrund since the mid-1600's. The family apparently originates from Balthasar and Margarethe Nickel (1654 - 1689). There were many descendants of this family. In 1816, the Nickel family lived at Fürstengrunder Strasse 69 (old number 20) and Fürstengrunder Strasse 111 (old number 35). Since 1835, they also occupied a house at Fürstengrunder Strasse 104 (old number 35 1/4) and since 1845 they were also occupying a house at Fürstengrunder Strasse 26 (old number 8 1/10). The history indicates that the family originally spelled their name "Nikel" but later was known as "Nickel".

The Fürstengrund history indicates that in 1816, there were two Nickel property landowners in the village. Philipp Nickel (listed as being a carpenter) was occupying .0493 hectares of property at Fürstengrunder Strasse 111. Peter Nikel is shown as occupying a house at Fürstengrunder Strasse 69 and owning 20.5893 hectares of land. By 1843, there are two farms listed in Fürstengrund owned by members of the Nickel family. There was Johannes Nikel at Fürstengrunder Strasse 65 owning 1/4 Hube and Philipp Nikel at Fürstengrunder Strasse 69 owning 1/2 Hube. ("Hube" or "Hide" or "Hufe" was originally the share of a free farmer's ownership in the community's commonly held land, calculated according to the family's requirements. It later became simply a field measure - on average about 10 hectares or about 24.3 acres).

Emigration records indicate that a number of Nickel family members emigrated from Fürstengrund around the mid-1850's.  From this information, we can gather that Jorge Nickel had, at least, the following children from his two marriages:

Jorge Nickel, his wife, and his four youngest children emigrated in 1855. Passenger lists indicate that Jorge and his family came to the United States on board the ship the "New York" which sailed from Havre, France, and arrived in the port of New York on December 22, 1855. The ship manifest indicates the following: Georg Nickel, age 52, occupation - farmer, from Hesse, Eva (female) age 44, Catha. (female), age 14, Maria (female) age 9, Anna (female) age 6 and Georges (male), age 2.

This essentially coincides with the record of the family as found in the book by Ella Gieg "Auswanderungen aus dem Odenwaldkries - Band 2" at page 128 where it is indicated that Georg Nickel and his family emigrated in 1855. The details show his age as 52 and was accompanied by his wife, Eva Katharina Geidel, age 42, and their children, Katharina 14, Maria Magdalena 11, Anna Maria 6 and Georg, age 2.

The passenger list does not indicate that the older Nickel children accompanied their parents and siblings on this particular voyage even though the emigration records indicate that they too emigrated in 1855. It is of interest to note that the emigration records indicate that Johannes Nickel (John S. Nickel) left Fürstengrund in a party of three. This suggest that he may have been accompanied by a wife and possibly a child. However, there is no evidence that Johannes Nickel was married at that time to Katharina Orth, his future wife, especially since the first known child of John S. Nickel and Katharina does not occur until the birth in Canada in 1858 of their child, John O. Nickel.

We have not yet found information regarding Jorge Nickel and his family from the time they landed in New York in 1855 to the first time they show up in Canadian census data in 1861, at which time they are living in Wallace Township in Perth County in Ontario, Canada. However, it is assumed that it may have followed the same pattern as many other German settlers in Ontario at that time which was to first live in Waterloo County, usually on a tenant or sharecropper basis. Later, when land opened up in the northerly counties of Perth and Grey, they would resettle in these newly-formed townships.

As noted, the first reference to Jorge Nickel and his family is found in the 1861 Census which shows Catherine Nickel (age 47) living with her son, John G. Nickel (age 22) and John's new wife whom he married on January 29, 1861, Elisabeth Nickel (formerly Catherine Elisabeth Orth) (age 21), and Jorge and Catherine's younger children, Catherine Nickel, Anna Maria and Jorge. The census does not show Maria Magdalena as living with the family. However, a reference to Magdalena Nickel is found in the 1861 Census for Woolwich Township in Waterloo County. There she is shown as living at the house of Mathias Kiefer. Her occupation is given as maid, age 16, marital status - single and born in Germany and of Lutheran faith. (More information on Magdalena is provided below).

The 1861 Census for Wallace Township is interesting since it does not list Jorge Nickel with his family.  The listing for Jorge Nickel (age 57) appears at another page in the census.  However, this is apparently a typical situation in this census and it does not mean that Jorge was not living with his family.

The 1861 Collector's Roll for the Township of Wallace indicates that "George" Nickel is living on 150 acres of land at Lots 45 and 46 of Concession 5 of Wallace Township.  The land is valued at $550.00  The total taxes paid on this land in 1861 was $6.62.  The land records for Wallace Township do not indicate that George Nickel actually owned this land which suggests that George may have been renting the land.  This needs to be further researched. Also, it is not known for sure how long George Nickel and his family lived on this property.  It is assumed that they were living here until his son, John G. Nickel acquired his farm at Lot 37 and 38 of Concession 6 of Wallace Township in 1866.  

 For the remainder of their lives in Wallace Township, it appears that Jorge and Eva Katharina remained living with their son, John G. Nickel, and his wife and family. The Wallace Census for the years 1871 and 1881 confirms this fact. Jorge died on May 5, 1881, and Eva Katharina died on January 24, 1888 (the death registrations refer to "George Nickel" and "Eva Catherine Nickel"). It is assumed that they are buried in the cemetery at St. Paul's Lutheran Church in Wallace Township but the Ontario Genealogical Society cemetery transcription does not record their burial in that cemetery. However, that may simply be due to the fact that their gravestone was missing or no longer legible.

C.  The Children of Jorge and Eva Katharina (Catherine) Nickel

Apart from John S. Nickel and John G. Nickel, the other children of Jorge and Eva Katharina Nickel ended up marrying persons from Waterloo and Perth Counties. While the author has not extensively researched these children, the following is known about them:

Catherine Nickel - Conrad Nuhn

Catherine Nickel was born about 1841 in Germany and married Conrad Nuhn on March 12, 1861.  The marriage record indicates that Conrad was 24 years of age and Catherine was 19 years old.  Conrad's parents are named as Henry and Anna (Schwartz) and Catherine's parents are listed as George and Catherine (Geitel) (a misspelling of "Geidel"). Conrad is recorded as being born in "Kurhessen" (Germany) while Catherine is shown as being born in Hessen.  

She and Conrad had nine children: Henry, 1862 (m. Annie Holtzman), Elizabeth, 1864 (m. John Koch), Katie, 1866 (m. John Ott), Magdalena, abt. 1869 (Jacob Koch), George, 1870 (m. Catherine Grosz), Annie, 1873 (m. George Fritz), Emilia, 1877 (m. Solomon Ludwig), Matilda, 1877 (m. Sam Schmidt) and Louisa, 1881 (m. Fred Youngblut).

It is of interest that the marriage of Catherine and Conrad is listed in the Ontario Marriage Register of Waterloo County and not Perth County where Wallace Township is located. This suggests that the marriage occurred in Waterloo County and that Catherine may have still been living in Waterloo County with her parents at the time of her marriage before they moved to Wallace Township. Since Conrad had been living in Wallace Township since at least 1858, it is not evident how they met.

Catherine and Conrad and their family first lived on 50 acres of land at the south half of Lot 30 of Concession 4 of Wallace Township. This is where Conrad and his mother, Anna Margarethe, first settled when they came to Wallace Township. (The history of Wallace Township indicates that Conrad and his mother were on this property by 1858).  It is not known how and when Conrad and his mother came to Canada. This property was sold in 1869 to John M. Nickel. Conrad then purchased 99 acres of Lot 35 at Concession 4 of Wallace Township. In 1878, Conrad also acquired title to Lot 32 of Concession 5 of Wallace Township. The book, "Magnified Memories - The History of Wallace Township" states that Conrad negotiated this land purchase with the assistance of Charles L. Kaufman who bought the south 50 acres from the Rev. Edward E. Newman and the north 50 acres from the William Hemsworth estate. Mr. Kaufman is referred to as a "wool manufacturer" from the nearby town of Listowel and acted as agent for Conrad Nuhn.

Catherine (Nickel) Nuhn died on May 5, 1882, at the age of 41 years. Conrad died on September 17, 1893, at the age of 56 years, 10 months and 9 days. Both Catherine and Conrad are buried in the cemetery at St. Paul's Lutheran Church at Lot 30 of Concession 5 of Wallace Township. Of interest, Conrad Nuhn was a founding member of St. Paul's Lutheran Church in 1864.  There is no indication as to when Conrad's mother, Anna Margarethe, died or where she is buried.

Maria Elisabeth Nickel - Heinrich Fries

Maria Elisabeth Nickel was born in 1831 and apparently emigrated to North America in 1855, although, as previously noted, she did not appear to travel with her parents. Not a great deal is yet known of Maria Elisabeth Nickel. She likely married Heinrich Fries (Henry) around 1857. They were in Wallace Township by at least 1864 since Henry Fries is listed in the history of Wallace Township as one of the founding members of St. Paul's Lutheran Church, along with a number of other Wallace residents, including Johannes Nickel, Johann Nickel and George Nickel who would have been his brothers-in-law and his father-in-law, respectively. Also listed as a founding member was a Peter Fries. It is believed that this was his brother who was living just across the county line in Howick Township in Huron County.

Heinrich owned the property at Lot 36 of Concession 4 of Wallace Township. He received the patent for the land in 1879. Heinrich owned this land until its sale in 1902 to Henry Koch. In 1872, he also purchased the south one-half of Lot 37 of Concession from Peter T. Orth and held it until its sale in 1896 to George Nuhn.

In the 1881 Census for Wallace Township, it is indicated that Henry and Mary Fries each 50 years of age, born in Germany and are of the Lutheran faith. This would indicate that both Henry and Mary were born around 1831. The following children are listed: John, age 24, Elizabeth, age 23, Henry, age 13, Mary, age 11, Regina, age 6 and Louisa, age 4.

It is believed that Heinrich may have been the son of Jacob Fries, a farmer living in Woolwich Township in Waterloo County. In the 1861 Census for Woolwich Township, Jacob Fries, age 65 and his wife, Margaret, age 55, are living with six children. Jacob and his wife and their oldest child, Michael, are listed as being born in Germany. The remainder of the children were born in Upper Canada. Obviously, in 1861, Heinrich would no longer be living at home since he would have been 31 years of age and already married. If this is the case, then it is supposed that Heinrich met Maria when they were living in Woolwich Township.

Maria (Nickel) Fries died on April 18, 1896 at the age of 63 years, 7 months and 25 days. Her husband, Heinrich Fries, died February 4, 1909, at the age of 77 years, 1 month and 9 days. Both of them are buried in the cemetery of Trinity Lutheran Church in Kurtzville, Ontario. The church is located at Lot 51 of Concession 5 of Wallace Township. Heinrich was part of the congregation of St. Paul's Lutheran Church which broke away from that congregation to form Trinity Lutheran Church in 1874 by Pastor H. Bruer and his followers. It is interesting that Maria's date of death and her reported age would result in her birth year as 1833 while we know that she was apparently born in 1831 (as verified by her reported age in the 1881 census). The reason for this discrepancy is not known.

Maria Magdalena Nickel - Mathias Kieffer

Maria Magdalena Nickel was apparently born on October 20, 1844 in Germany. Emigration records indicate that she was 11 years old when the family left Germany in 1855 but the passenger manifests suggest that she as 9 years old. The first record of Maria Magdalena in Canada appears in the 1861 Census for Woolwich Township in Waterloo County. At that time she is listed as being 16 years of age, single, employed as maid, born in Germany and of the Lutheran faith. She appears to be living in the household of Mathias Kiefer, age 22, single, who is listed as being born in Germany and of the Catholic faith. His occupation is somewhat difficult to read from the census record.

This suggests that Maria's family had probably lived in Woolwich Township before moving to Wallace Township where they are living as recorded by the 1861 Wallace Township Census. Presumably, Maria had taken a job as a maid with someone in the vicinity and remained living in Woolwich Township.

The County Marriage Registers of Ontario for Waterloo County (1858 - 1869) indicate that Magdalena Nickel married Mathias Kieffer on May 14, 1861.  At the time of their marriage, Mathias was 22 years old and Magdalena was 17 years of age.  The parents of Mathias are given as Frederick and Elizabeth (Klein).  The marriage record indicates that Mathias was born in Germany and was living in Woolwich Township in Waterloo County.  Magdalena is also shown as a resident of Woolwich Township and being born in Germany.  Her parents are listed as George and Catherine (Geidel). 

This is a very intriguing marriage given that Maria Magdalena was a Lutheran and Mathias Kieffer was a Catholic. Marriages of this sort were very rare in the mid-nineteenth century in Ontario given the fairly insular marriage patterns of the Catholics and Protestants at that time and even the degree of suspicion and even animosity that each faith often had of each other. It is understood that at the time of her marriage, Maria Magdalena converted to the Roman Catholic faith.

It appears that Mathias and Maria Magdalena eventually moved to Berlin, Ontario (now named Kitchener, Ontario) since excerpts from the Berliner Journal (1873 - 1877) report the births of several children of Mathias and his wife (who is not named) in Berlin. There were three sons born during this period, born on May 30, 1873, September 5, 1874 and December 4, 1876. The names of the children were not provided.

Cemetery records indicate that Mathias and Maria Kiefer are buried in the Mount Hope Roman Catholic Cemetery in Kitchener, Ontario.  Maria appears to have died in 1872, around the age of 28.  Two children are also buried at this gravesite which were probably the children of Mathias and Maria since they were born prior to Maria's death in 1872, Anthony (1848 - 1870), Joseph (1863 - 1864).  There is also a Rose Kieffer buried at this gravesite who was born in 1872 and died in 1946.  Since her date of birth coincides with Maria's year of death, it is suspected that Maria may have died giving birth.  The cemetery transcription also indicates that Mathias remarried.  His second wife was Ludwina Spetz.  Mathias died on October 19, 1908 at the age of 69 years and his wife, Ludwina, died on July 9, 1936, at the age of 89 years.  A number of children were born to Mathias as a result of this second marriage. 

Anna Maria Nickel - Charles L. Kaufman

Anna Maria Nickel was born around 1849 or 1850 in Germany and came to North America with her parent, Jorge and Eva Katharina Nickel in 1855. The Ontario Marriage Registers of Ontario (1858 - 1869) for Waterloo County record the marriage of Anna Nickel and Charles L. Kaufman.  The marriage occurred on November 17, 1867.  Charles L. Kaufman was 21 years of age and Anna Maria was 18 years of age.  Charles is listed as a resident of Elmira, Ontario (Waterloo County) and as being born in Canada.  His parents are listed as Andrew and Magdalene.  Anna Nickel is also shown as a resident of Elmira and her parents are listed as George and Anna (this is probably an error in recording "Eva" as "Anna").  A number of other children of Andrew and Magdalene also got married during this period.  In other marriage entries, the maiden name of Magdalene is given as "Erb". 

Given that Anna Maria was living with her parents in Wallace Township according to the 1861 Census and that she was 12 years of age at that time.  As such, it is assumed that she might have moved to the Elmira around the time of her marriage.  There is no indication as to how she came to know or meet Mr. Kaufman. 

The 1871 Census for the village of Listowel in Perth County records that Charles Kauffman (note spelling) was living there at that time. The entry for Mr. Kauffman indicates that he was 24 years of age, born in Ontario and was a Lutheran in faith. His occupation is listed as a foreman. His wife is listed as Anna, age 21, born in Germany and of the Lutheran faith, as well. Unfortunately, the actual census record is extremely difficult to read because the ink is very faded. It appears that they had three children at that time, all born in Ontario, however, it is almost impossible to decipher their names.

The 1881 and the 1891 Censuses for Listowel were also searched for the Kauffman family. However, there is no record of the family in either of these sources. This would suggest that the family left Listowel sometime between 1871 and 1881.

As noted above, there is a reference to Charles L. Kaufman in the history of Wallace township when it is indicated that he acted as an agent for Conrad Nuhn in a land acquisition deal. The history indicates that Mr. Kaufman, described as a wool manufacturer from Listowel, attempted to acquire land located at Lot 32 of Concession 5 but was unable to complete this transaction until 1878 because of legal procedures. Apparently, Mr. Kaufman finally obtained clear title to the land on February 16, 1878, whereupon he turned over title on the same day to Conrad Nuhn.

It is interesting to note that Charles L. Kaufman and Conrad Nuhn would have been brothers-in-law given that each of them had married daughters of Jorge and Eva Katharina Nickel.

To date, no further information regarding this family has been located such as the names of their children or their dates of death and burial sites.

Georg Nickel

Georg was the youngest child of Jorge and Eva Katharina Nickel. He was probably born around 1854 in Germany and he accompanied his parents on their voyage to North America in 1855. Georg appears in the 1861 Census for Wallace Township living with his parents and siblings and that is the only reference found thus far for Georg until the 1881 Census. He is not living with his family in the 1871 Census for Wallace Township and his whereabouts at that time has not yet been determined.

The 1881 Census for Listowel, Ontario, indicate that there is a George Nichol living there at that time along with his wife, Mary Nichol, and their two children, Frances, age 3, and George, age 10 months. George is reported as being 26 years of age, born in Germany and of the Lutheran faith. His occupation is given as labourer. His wife, Mary, is shown as 24 years of age, born in Ontario and of the Lutheran faith. It is assumed that this is "Georg" Nickel, the son of Jorge and Eva Katharina Nickel since the age is approximately correct and the fact that he was born in Germany further confirms this assumption.

Ontario provincial marriage records indicates that George Nickel married Marie Elisabeth Trusseler on November 10, 1875, in Wallace Township, Perth County, Ontario, Canada.  George is listed as being born in Hesse Darmstadt, Germany, son of George Nickel and Eva Catherine Geidel, aged 22 years, Lutheran and a carpenter.  Marie is listed as being 19 years of age and as being born in Woolwich Township, Waterloo County, Ontario, Canada.  Her parents are listed as David Trusseler and Veronika (Sherk) Trusseler.  Marie was Lutheran, as well.  (It should be noted that other references to "Trusseler" are given as "Trussler" and the author believes that this latter spelling is more typical of the spelling of the name).

The obituary for George Nickel indicates that he and his family moved to Hanover, Ontario, around the late 1880's.  He lived in Hanover for twenty years before moving to Southampton, Ontario, in 1908.  The obituary indicates that George and his wife had eight children, although only seven are mentioned in the obituary.  From the obituary and other sources, the children and their spouses, if applicable, were: Frances Nickel (m. Ivan Indoe); George (m. Flora Ann Johnson); Allan Victor Nickel (m. Ester ?); Oscar Nickel (lived in California but spouse unknown); Mabel Nickel (m. John Lynn); Clarence Nickel (killed overseas in 1918); Pearl Nickel (m. Charles Peach).

George Nickel died on October 17, 1942, in Southampton, Ontario, at the age of 90 years.  He was living with his son, Allan, at the time of his death.   His wife, Mary (Marie) predeceased him six years earlier.  He is buried in the Southampton, Ontario, cemetery.  There are many descendants of George and Mary Nickel living in the Southampton, Ontario, area. 

D.  The Family of John S. Nickel and Katherina (Orth) Nickel

John S. Nickel was apparently the oldest child of Jorge Nickel and his first wife, Regina Saul.  (The "S" in his name may have stood for his mother's maiden's name, Saul).  John married Katherina Orth, the sister of Johann Peter Orth. John was born on September 15, 1829, in Germany and Katherina was born on September 18, 1835 in Fürstengrund, daughter of Johann Friedrich Orth and Maria Elisabeth Rodenhausen. Both were living in Fürstengrund at the time of their emigration to North America.

It is not known for sure when and where John and Katherina got married. Emigration records from Germany suggest that John left Germany in 1855 in a party of three which suggests that he may have left with his wife and a child. However, the first known child born to John and Katherina did not occur until 1858 in Upper Canada (Ontario). Emigration records also indicate that Katharina Orth applied for emigration in 1853 for herself, the same year as her brother Johann Peter Orth, applied for emigration for himself and his family. Thus, it has been thought that Katharina came to North America with her brother. As such, that leaves the question as to who was actually in the party that came to North America with John S. Nickel.

Emigration records for John S. Nickel indicate is occupation as a baker ("backer"). There is no evidence that he carried on this profession in Canada.

It is not sure where John S. Nickel and Katharina lived when they first came to Canada. In 1855, he would have been 26 years of age and Katherina would have been 20 years of age. It is assumed that they both probably lived in Waterloo County before moving to Wallace Township when it became available for settlement. Land records for Wallace Township indicate that John acquired land in Wallace Township as early as 1859 which means that they arrived in the township relatively early after arriving in North America.

The first record of John and Katherina in Canada is found in the 1861 Census for Wallace Township. The census records show "John Nickle", age 30, born in Germany, and "Cathrin", age 28, also born in Germany. John's occupation is given as a farmer. There is one child recorded in the census, John Nickle, age 2, born in Upper Canada (Ontario). The religion for the family is given as "WM" (Wesleyan Methodist). The ages provided in the census do not correspond to the correct ages for John and Katherina, However, this might just be a problem with language, particularly if the census enumerator did not understand German. It is also interesting that their religion is given as Methodist since John and Katherina were devout Lutherans. However, again, this could be either a language problem or it might suggest that John and Katherina were attending a church of another denomination in the absence of a Lutheran Church in their community (the first Lutheran Church congregation was not organized in Wallace Township until 1864). The record for their son, however, is accurate as their first child, John O. Nickel was born on November 12, 1858.

Land records indicate that John S. Nickel purchased Lot 30 of Concession 5 in Wallace Township in 1859, consisting of 100 acres, and acquired the patent for this property in 1868. John donated one acre of this property for the building of St. Paul's Lutheran Church which was established in 1864, of which John was a founding member. John and Katherina built their home and raised their family on this section of land. This land remained in his possession until 1904 when it was sold to his son, John O. Nickel. In 1875, John S. Nickel also acquired Lot 29 of Concession 5, consisting also of 100 acres, from a Robert Tomlinson who had received the patent for this land in 1870. This portion of land remained in his possession until 1892 when he sold it to his son, Augustus (Gustave) Nickel for $4,000.00.  Title to this land passed in 1923 to Gustave's son, Otto Nickel Jr., who farmed it with the assistance of his sister Lorena and his brother Eldon.  It is interesting to note that Otto Jr., Lorena and Eldon never married.  In 1975, Otto sold this property to Robert Charles who is a great-great grandson of John S. Nickel.  

John S. Nickel and his wife, Katherina (Orth) Nickel, had nine children. Their names and other details are listed below. John S. Nickel died on March 6, 1899, and Katherina died on September 30, 1922, both in Wallace Township. John and Katherina are buried in the cemetery at St. Paul's Lutheran Church. 

The Children of John S. Nickel and Katherina (Orth) Nickel:

Note that all of the children were born in Ontario.

John O. Nickel, born November 12, 1858 and died March 3, 1920 in Wallace Township. Married Catherine Braun (daughter of Philip Braun and Elizabeth) on September 30, 1890, in Howick Township, Huron County.

George Nickel, born February 10, 1861 and died on February 2, 1868 in Wallace Township. Not married.

Gustave Heinrich Nickel, born July 18, 1863 and died on March 25, 1932 in Wallace Township. Married Annie Eva Braun (daughter of Jacob Braun and Anna Gies) on February 19, 1889 in Normanby Township, Grey County.

Frederick Nickel, born August 24, 1865 and died in 1948. Married Catherine Holtzman, date unknown. Both Frederick and Catherine are buried in Fairview Cemetery in Listowel, Ontario.

Regina Nickel, born January 24, 1868 and died in 1958 in Wallace Township.

Sophia Katharina Nickel, born April 15, 1870 and died on July 26, 1953 in Wallace Township. Married John Mahnke (son of August Mahnke and Anna Schweizer) on April 9, 1901, in Wallace Township.

Otto Nickel, born on January 8, 1873 and died in 1944 in Wallace Township. His first marriage was to Marie Catherine Youngblut (daughter of John Youngblut and Marie Becker) on February 11, 1903. She died on November 2, 1931. His second marriage was to Elizabeth (Holtzman) Karstens on January 4, 1933. All are buried in Fairview Cemetery in Listowel, Ontario.

Catherine Elizabeth Nickel, born July 1, 1877 and died on October 31, 1881 in Wallace Township. Not married.

More About the Children:

The oldest child of John S. Nickel and Katerina Nickel was John O. Nickel (we do not know that the "O" stood for but it could have been "Orth" after the maiden name of his mother) who was born in 1858.  John O. Nickel married Catherine Braun and they had six children, Elizabeth C. (b. 1891), Adam (b. 1893), David Clarence (b. 1897), Christine Levina (b. 1899), Annie (b. 1895) and Edith Maria Katerina (b. about 1905).  In 1904, John O. Nickel purchased Lot 30 of Concession 5 of Wallace Township from his father.  Title to this land then passed, in 1924, to his son, Adam Nickel.  Adam owned this farm until 1968 when he sold it to Milton Bender.

Gustave Nickel was the third child of John S. Nickel and Katerina Nickel.  He was born in 1863.  Gustave married Annie Eve Braun in 1889 and they had ten children, William F. (b. 1890), Otto (b. 1892), Maria Christina (b. 1895), Elizabeth Alvira (b. 1896), John H. (b. 1899), Lorena (b. 1901), Arlyn R. (b. 1909), Elton (b. 1899), Ruby (b. unknown), Wilma Freda (b. about 1906). 

The history of Wallace Township provides some interesting background information regarding Gustave Nickel and his wife, Annie (Braun). It states:

"Gustave was a building contractor and carpenter helping to build many area houses, barns, sheds and farmed with his wife Annie (Braun) Nickel and family. Gustave took a keen interest in municipal affairs of the township and was a member of council for a number of years. Gustave was also one of the leading Conservatives of Wallace. In 1919, after 27 years, Gustave and his wife moved to Listowel. With his experience and ability in municipal affairs he was elected to Listowel town council on which he served for three years. Practically all his life had been spent in Wallace and Listowel. He was one of the first immigrant children born in Wallace".

Frederick Nickel was the fifth child of John S. Nickel and Katerina Nickel.  He was born in 1865 and married Catherine Holtzman and they had four children, Laura (b. 1896), Oscar (b. 1900), Albert Frederick (b. 1903) and Karl (b. 1903).

Sophia Katharina Nickel was the sixth child of John S. Nickel and Katherina Nickel.  Sophia married John Mahnke in 1901.  They had three children, Albert (b. 1903), Annie Catherine (b. 1905) and Emma (b. 1908).

Otto Nickel was the seventh child of John S. Nickel and Katherina Nickel.  Otto's first marriage was to Marie Catherine Youngblut in 1903.  Otto and Marie had two children, Viola (b. 1904) and Earl Wilfred (b. 1906).  

All of the children of John S. Nickel and Katherina Nickel lived out their lives in the Wallace Township area as did many of their grandchildren. However, some of the grandchildren did eventually make their way to western Canada to live. For example, Elizabeth Catherine Nickel (born August 22, 1891) who was a daughter of John O. Nickel and Catherine Braun, and her second husband, Arnold Victor Jackson, raised a large family in the Eatonia - Kindersley areas of Saskatchewan area. Because we do not have a complete family tree for John S. Nickel and his descendants, it is not known for sure how many more members of the family might have likewise moved to western Canada or to the United States.

E.  The Family of John G. Nickel and Catherine Elizabeth (Orth) Nickel

John G. Nickel (Johann George Nickel) was probably the oldest child of Jorge Nickel and his second wife, Eva Katherina (Geidel) Nickel. This would make him a half-brother to John S. Nickel. John G. Nickel was born on January 19, 1838, in Germany. He married Catherine Elizabeth Orth on January 29, 1861, in Waterloo County. Catherine Elizabeth (Orth) Nickel was born on May 3, 1840 in Fürstengrund. She was a daughter of Philip Jacob Orth and his wife, Catherine Trockenbrod. Emigration records indicate that John G. Nickel applied to emigrate in 1855 for himself. His occupation was given as a day-labourer ("tagelohner"). His wife, Catherine Elizabeth emigrated to North America with her parents and family in 1846. The family first lived in Waterloo Township (Bridgeport) in Waterloo County and then later moved to parts of Lots 22, 23, and 24 of Concession A of Wellesley Township in Waterloo County.

Catherine Elizabeth (Orth) was a niece of Johann Peter Orth and of Katherina (Orth) Nickel, the wife of John S. Nickel, who was a sister to both Johann Peter Orth and Catherine's father, Philip Jacob Orth.

The County Marriage Registers of Ontario for Waterloo County (1858 - 1869) indicate that John G. Nickel and Catherine Elizabeth Orth were married in Waterloo County on January 29, 1861. John, age 22, is reported as living in Wallace Township and Catherine, age 20, is reported as living in Wellesley Township. Hessen (Germany) is reported as the birthplace for both bride and groom.

As noted previously, the first indication of John G. Nickel and Catherine Elizabeth in Wallace Township is found in the 1861 Census for Wallace Township where it appears that they were living with John's parents and brothers and sisters. In the census, John is reported as 22 years of age and Catherine is now 21 years of age.

Land records for Wallace Township indicate that John G. Nickel purchased the north half of Lot 37 and 38 of Concession 6 of Wallace Township in 1866 from a Robert Newton which would give him a 100 acre farm. John received the patent for the land in 1868. In 1888, John further acquires Lot 40 of Concession 6, consisting of 100 acres, from a Robert Corbett. In 1910, title to the property at Lots 37 and 38 passes to John's son, Reuben Nickel.  Reuben passed the farm to his son, Harold E. Nickel in 1944.  In 1968, title passes to Harold's son, John Harold ("Jack") Nickel.  

In 1895, title of the property at Lot 40 passes to John S. Nickel's son, George P. Nickel.  This property is then sold to a Robert McIlroy in 1911.

John G. Nickel and Catherine Elizabeth had a large family of thirteen children. Details concerning the family are provided below.

It is interesting to note that John G. Nickel's parents, Jorge and Eva Katherina Nickel lived with him and his family until his parents passed away. As well, it is interesting to note that Catherine's parents, Philip Jacob Orth and Catherine (Trockenbrod), lived just across the road from the John G. Nickel family at Lot 38 of Concession 7 of Wallace which Philip Jacob acquired in 1871. Upon his death in 1879, his wife, Catherine, moved to Nebraska to live with her daughter, Marie Emily Weichel.

John G. Nickel died on December 15, 1922 in Wallace Township. Catherine died on January 19, 1913, also in Wallace Township. Both John and Catherine are buried in the cemetery at St. Paul's Lutheran Church. [Hyperlink to photograph]

The Children of John G. Nickel and Catherine Elizabeth (Orth) Nickel:

Note that all of the children were born in Ontario.

William Frederick Nickel, born July 17, 1862, and died on February 27, 1947, in Wallace Township. Married Catherine Hoffman (daughter of Andrew Hoffman and Elizabeth Bollender) on August 7, 1891, in Listowel, Ontario.

Elizabeth M. Nickel, born September 24, 1864. Date of death unknown. Married Andrew Kress. No further details known.

Philip George Nickel, born May 20, 1866 and died in 1940 in Wallace Township. Married Christina Grosz (daughter of George Grosz and Susannah Schneider) on November 3, 1891 in Palmerston, Ontario.

Rachel Nickel, born March 18, 1868 and died on March 15, 1885, in Wallace Township.

Edward George Nickel, born September 23, 1869, and died on January 13, 1924, in Wallace Township.

John Nickel, born November 14, 1871 and died December 9, 1935, in Wallace Township.

Annie Marie Nickel, born on August 23, 1873. No further details known.

Solomon Nickel, born February 23, 1875 and died May 6, 1959 in Listowel, Ontario. Married Elizabeth Margaret Doersam (daughter of Jacob Doersam and Katharina Wahl) on December 11, 1907. They are buried in Fairview Cemetery in Listowel, Ontario.

Isabella Nickel, born November 17, 1876, and died April 16, 1921, in Wallace Township. No further details known.

Reuben Nickel, born March 16, 1878 and died in 1973 in Wallace Township. Married Anna Youn (daughter of Heinrich Youn and Christina Holtzman) on May 21, 1902, in Gowanstown, Ontario.

Matilda Nickel, born May 19, 1880 and died in 1961 in Wallace Township. Married Joseph Grosz on April 22, 1903 in Wallace Township.

Annie Louise Nickel, born March 30, 1882 and died June 21, 1913, in Wallace Township. Married William Youn on February 3, 1909, in Wallace Township.

Norman Alexander Nickel, born February 15, 1885 and died February 5, 1916, in Listowel, Ontario. Married Lizzie Youn (daughter of Heinrich Youn and Christina Holtzman) on January 29, 1905 in Wallace Township.

More About the Children:

The history of Wallace Township reports that Edward, John and Isabel Nickel were blind but were talented basket weavers. Philip, Edward, John, Solomon and Reuben were the Nickel Bros. band members with Tilly the pianists. It is also interesting to note that three of the Nickel children married three members of the Youn family All of the children grew up and died in the Wallace Township area. However, several of the next generation of children (i.e. grandchildren of George G. Nickel and Katherine Elizabeth Nickel) left Ontario and eventually settled in western Canada, in areas such as the Qu'Appelle Valley and the Moose Jaw areas of Saskatchewan.

F.  The Family of John M. Nickel and Elizabeth Margaret (Orth) Nickel

Background

There was another Nickel family living in Wallace Township which married into the Orth family that initially does not appear to be directly related to the Nickel family which had descended from Jorge Nickel from Fürstengrund. This is the family of Johannus M. Nickel ("John M. Nickel). John M. Nickel was born on January 1, 1840, in German state of Baden. He married Elizabeth Margaret Orth, daughter of Philip Jacob Orth and Susana Trockenbrod, on March 19, 1867. Elizabeth Margaret was born on October 2, 1844, in Fürstengrund, Germany, and came to North America with her parents in 1846. The family first lived in Waterloo Township (Bridgeport) in Waterloo County and then later moved to parts of Lots 22, 23, and 24 of Concession A of Wellesley Township in Waterloo County.

John M. Nickel was a son of Frederick Nickel and Katherine Elizabeth Bauer.  There is a reference in the Wellington County Marriage Record 1840 - 1852 to a marriage which took place on October 12, 1845, by banns, between Frederick Nickel and Elizabeth Bauer, both of Wellesley.  Reverend Huttner, Lutheran minister, Preston, Ontario, officiated. 

There is no record of Frederick Nickel and his wife, Elizabeth, in the 1851 or in the 1861 Canada Census.  As well, no trace of the family could be found of the family could be found in the 1864 Waterloo County Directory.

The first known reference to Frederick and Elizabeth  is found in the 1871 Canada Census.  At that time, Frederick Nickel and Elizabeth were living in Woolwich Township in Waterloo County. The 1871 Census reports  Frederick's age as 62 and Elisabeth Nickel's age as 60.   Frederick's occupation is given as a farmer. Both he Elisabeth are shown as being born in Germany of both are of the Lutheran faith. There are no other occupants shown living in the household at that time.

References to Frederick and Elizabeth Nickel can also be found in the 1881 and the 1891 Canada Census.  In both instances, the census reports them as living in Woolwich Township, Waterloo County.  Their birthplaces is given as Germany and their religion as Lutheran. 

None of the censuses taken between 1871 to 1891 indicate any family members other than Frederick and Elizabeth.

Frederick died on August 18, 1891, at the age of 83 years. It appears that, at the time of his death, he was living in the vicinity of the village of Heidelberg in Waterloo County.  Elizabeth died on December 15, 1907, at the age of 98 years.  Her death certificate indicates that she was living in the House of Refuge (located in Berlin (Kitchener), Ontario).  (It should be noted that her death certificate records her name as "Elizabeth Nichol" and her birthplace as Germany.

There is definitive information has yet been located regarding when Frederick and Elisabeth first came to Canada.  However, a reference has been found in the New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1957 (ancestry.com) of the arrival of a Fried Nickel which might be the Frederick Nickel that ended up in Waterloo County.  The passenger list indicates that a Fried Nickel arrived in the port of New York on June 16, 1842 aboard the ship "Columbus".  The port of departure was Bremen, Germany.  Fried Nickel's age is given as 33 and his estimated birth year given as about 1809.   It appears that he traveled alone since there is no indication in the list that he was accompanied by a wife or any children (i.e. he is the only "Nickel" listed in the passenger list).    His birth location is given as Fürstengrund.  This is a very interesting and surprising fact since birth places are not typically provided in passenger lists. 

It is highly likely that this is the Frederick Nickel that came to Waterloo County.  The estimated birth year of 1809 of "Fried Nickel" coincides with the known birth date of Frederick Nickel.  Also, his arrival in North America in 1842 fits in with the marriage date of 1845 of Frederick Nickel and Elizabeth Bauer.  Also, the fact that the birth place of "Fried Nickel" is given as Fürstengrund suggests that he was related to the other Nickels of Fürstengrund that made their way to Waterloo and Perth Counties.

Of course, this raises an interesting question.  The birth date and birth place of John M. Nickel is given as 1840 in the German state of Baden.  However, this birth date precedes the 1845 marriage date of his parents, Frederick and Elizabeth (Bauer), and his place of birth does not coincide with his father's birthplace of Fürstengrund which is located in the German state of Hessen.  Therefore, what might be the explanation for these discrepancies?  One possibility is that Elizabeth Bauer was a widow and that John M. was her child from a previous marriage  (if this is the case, then "Bauer" might have been her married name and not her maiden name).  When Frederick and Elizabeth married in 1845, John M. was "adopted" in that he took the Nickel name and was raised as the son of Frederick Nickel. 

Outstanding Questions and Issues about Frederick and Elizabeth Nickel

Apart from the basic question concerning the marriage of Frederick and Elizabeth (i.e. was Elizabeth a widow with a child at the time she married Frederick in 1845).  There are a number of unresolved questions and issues concerning Frederick and Elizabeth Nickel that are still unresolved.  These include:

1.    What is the relationship of Frederick Nickel ("Fried") (b. 1808) to the other Nickel families that came from Fürstengrund?  For example, could he have been a brother of Jorge ("Georg") Nickel who was born in 1804?

2.    Where were Frederick and Elizabeth Nickel living between the time they were married in 1845 and first identified as living in Woolwich Township in the 1871 Canada Census?   Why are they not found in the 1851 and 1861 Canada Censuses?  Were they living in Canada during this period?

3.  No indication has been found to date that Frederick and Elizabeth Nickel had any other children other than John M. Nickel.  Were there any other children from this marriage and, if so, who were they?

4.    When did Elizabeth Bauer and her son, John M. Nickel, come to North America?  Since John M. Nickel is reported to have been born in Germany n 1840, he must have arrived in North America sometime between 1840 and his mother's marriage to Frederick Nickel in 1845 which took place in Canada.

John M. Nickel

The County Marriage Registers of Ontario for Waterloo County (1858 - 1869) report the marriage of John M. Nickel, age 26, and Elizabeth Orth, age 23. It is indicated that they married on March 19, 1867, obviously the marriage occurred somewhere in Waterloo County. John Nickel is reported as living in Carrick Township in Bruce County. It is also indicated that he was born in the German state of Baden.

Given that John M. Nickel is reported as being born in the German state of Baden would suggest that he was not directly related to the other Nickel family in Wallace Township who came from Fürstengrund in the German state of Hessen.  Although, as discussed above, it is quite possible and highly likely that his "father", Frederick Nickel, came from Fürstengrund.

There are church records from St. Paul's Lutheran Church in Elmira, Ontario, where Philip Jacob Orth and his family were members, which indicate that Elizabeth Margaret Orth had moved to Carrick Township. It is not known when she went to Carrick Township. However, this suggests that she might have went to Carrick Township immediately upon her marriage to live with her husband.

The 1867 County of Bruce Directory - Township of Carrick indicates that John Nickel was living at Lot 2 of Concession 15.  It is not known whether he owned this property or was working as a tenant farmer. 

Elizabeth Margaret (Orth) was a niece of Johann Peter Orth and of Katherina (Orth) Nickel, the wife of John S. Nickel, who was a sister to both Johann Peter Orth and Elizabeth Margaret's father, Philip Jacob Orth.

The first known land transaction of John M. Nickel in Wallace Township occurs in 1869 when he purchases the south half of Lot 30 of Concession 4 in Wallace Township from Conrad Nuhn. In 1915, upon the death of John M. Nickel, title to this property passed to his son, Solomon Nickel who owned the property until 1942 when it was sold to W. Clarence Ott.

John M. Nickel and his wife, Elizabeth Margaret, were life-long members of St. Paul's Lutheran Church. They had ten children. John M. Nickel died on April 8, 1915, in Wallace Township. The death record for John M. Nickel indicates that he died at Concession 4 of Wallace Township and that his occupation was a farmer. His father is identified as "Fred Nickel" and his mother as "Katherine E. Bower". (This is probably a misspelling of "Bauer"). The cause of death is given as the removal of prostate gland. His wife, Elizabeth Margaret, died on March 18, 1937, also in Wallace Township. Both are buried in the cemetery at St. Paul's Lutheran Church.

The Children of John M. Nickel and Elizabeth Margaret (Orth) Nickel:

Note that all of the children were born in Ontario.

Frederick Nickel, born about 1869 (he is shown as 2 years of age in the 1871 Census). He apparently married a woman named Mattie and they had a child, Wilfred. No other information is available.

Emilia (Emma) Nickel, born about 1870 (she is shown as 1 year of age in the 1871 Census). Married John Wipfler (son of Johann Wipfler and Margarethe Kimmer) on February 27, 1890, in Listowel, Ontario.

William Albert Nickel, born about 1872 and died August 28, 1927, in Wallace Township. Married Katherine Elizabeth Schade (daughter of Adam Schade and Katharina Todt) on February 22, 1898, in Wallace Township.

Philip Nickel, born December 30, 1873 in Wallace Township and died August 23, 1970 in Beatrice, Nebraska, U.S.A. Married Nora Sisler (daughter of John Sisler and Sarach Conger) on February 12, 1903, in Nebraska, U.S.A.

George Nickel, born March 31, 1876, in Listowel, Ontario and died April 27, 1957, in Creston, British Columbia. Married Mary Ann Berg on April 15, 1903.

Marie Elizabeth Katherina Nickel, born about 1878 in Wallace Township. Her date of death is unknown. She married Heinrich Wetzel on February 5, 1901, in Wallace Township.

Henry Nickel, born September 1, 1880 in Wallace Township and died June 23, 1962, in Prevost, Alberta. His first marriage was to Mary C. Beyer (daughter of Henry Beyer and Elizabeth Siebahn) on March 20, 1918, in Wallace Township. She died in October 1933. His second marriage was to Mary Margaret Laura McNall in 1936.

Solomon Nickel, born in 1883 and died in 1943. He did not marry.

Clara Anna Nickel, born August 14, 1885, and died December 22, 1974. She married John Christian Berg on March 28, 1911.

Ada Matilda Nickel, born in 1888 and died in 1977 in Wallace Township. Married Valentine S. Schinbein on October 2, 1934 in Wallace Township. They had no children.

More About the Children Who Moved Away from Wallace, Township:

A number of the children of John M. Nickel and Elizabeth Margaret (Orth) Nickel did not remain in Wallace Township but rather moved to the United States or western Canada. This was typical of many other people in rural Ontario who took the opportunity to obtain cheap land when the mid-western United States and western Canada was opening for settlement around the 1880's and into the early 1900's.

In the book "The Descendants of Philip Jacob Orth" compiled by Vida Gronnestad, it is indicated that when Philip Nickel was 17 (around 1890), he and his brother, Frederick, moved to the United States and settled near Plymouth, Nebraska. By this time, they would have had a number of Orth family relatives living in Nebraska such as their uncles, Peter Trockenbrod Orth and Philip Theodore Orth and their families. Also living in Nebraska were their aunts, Marie Emily (Orth) Weichel and Marie Magdalena (Orth) Germer and their families. Around 1921, Philip Nickel and his family moved to Beatrice, Nebraska, where he died in 1940.

George Nickel (b. 1876) farmed for a period near Rosthern, Saskatchewan, (Stoney Hill, Saskatchewan) before he and his family moved to Creston, British Columbia, where he eventually died in 1957. There were also a number of Orth family members living in Saskatchewan at this time such as some of children of his uncle, Peter Trockenbrod Orth, who had left Nebraska and took up homesteading in Saskatchewan.

Henry Nickel (b. 1880) probably located in Prevost, Alberta, around 1910. He died there on June 23, 1962.

Clara Anna Nickel (b. 1885) moved to Saskatchewan around 1909. She and her husband, John Christian Berg, lived in the Stoney Hill area where they raised their family.

G.  Other Nickels Living in Wallace Township

The 1871 Census reports an Adam Nickel living in Wallace Township. His age is given as 19 years, born in Germany, occupation is farmer and his religion is given as Lutheran/Evangelical. His wife is Catherine Nickel, age 20, born in Ontario and of the Lutheran faith. They have one child, a female of one year of age and whose name might be something like Emily or Theresa (the writing for their entry in the Census is extremely difficult to read to the faded ink and for this reason, also, it is difficult to discern if the surname has been spelt "Nichol" or "Nickel"). Based on this entry, it would appear that Adam was born around 1852 which is too young to be any of the children of the other Nickels living in Wallace Township at that time. There is no record of this family being in Wallace Township in later censuses. There is no indication of where this family might have moved. Research is continuing in order to identify this family.

Other Information:

A map of Wallace Township showing the farms of John S. Nickel, John G. Nickel and John M. Nickel can be sourced at this link.

A photograph of John G. Nickel and his wife, Catherine Elizabeth (Orth) Nickel and John M. Nickel and his wife, Elizabeth Margaret (Orth) Nickel, can be found at this link.

Pictures relating to the Nickel - Orth Families can be found at this link.

Many thanks to the great work done by Vida Gronnestad and Les Orth whose family research helped me a great deal to sort out the Nickel - Orth families.  I would have never accomplished this work without their assistance.  Any errors or omissions in this work are entirely those of the author's.

"The Nickel - Orth Families" © Don C. Orth, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (Revised March 26, 2002, January 20, 2003, January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2008).

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