The Right Honourable
A. Kim Campbell
"In a democracy, government isn't something that a small group of people do to everybody else, it's not even something they do for everybody else, it should be something they do with everybody else." Kim Cambell, March 25,1993
- Born: March 10, 1947, Port Alberni, British Columbia.
- Born 'Avril Phaedra Douglas Campbell', but her parents' marriage was not a happy one. Mrs. Campbell left the family when Kim was only 12.
- Avril changed her name to 'Kim' shortly after her mother left.
- Education: University of British Columbia, B.A. in Political Science, 1969, LL.B. in 1983; London School of Economics (scholarship), Soviet Studies (left with thesis unfinished), 1970-1973.
- Marriage: Nathan Divinsky (1925-____) in 1972. (Divorced: 1983)
- Re-Marriage: Howard Eddy (1937-____) in 1986. (Divorced: 1993)
- Political Science lecturer at the University of British Columbia, 1975-1978.
- Political Science and History lecturer at the Vancouver Community College, 1978-1981.
- Trustee of the Vancouver School Board, 1980-1984.
- Chairman of the Vancouver School Board, 1983.
- Vice-Chairman of the Vancouver School Board, 1984.
- Political Advisor to Premier Bill Bennett of British Columbia (Social Credit Party, a.k.a 'Socreds', 1985-1986.
- MLA British Columbia, 1986-1988.
- Died: ____
- Constituencies: Vancouver Centre, British Columbia, 1988-1993.
- Minister of State for Indian and Northern Affairs, 1989-1990.
- First female Minister of Justice and Attorney General, 1990-1993.
- Criminal Code Amendment for firearms control, 1991.
- Following the Montreal 'massacre' of student nurses in 1989, there was widespread public outcry for more restrictive gun laws.
- Criminal Code Amendment for sexual assault, 1992.
- In 1983, the Supreme Court of Canada struck down a 'rape shield' law as unconstitutional. Campbell consulted with women's groups, law associations, and ministry officials before drafting a new law, Bill C-49.
- Focus was placed on the principal of consent. The bill remained constitutional and still protected victims' rights.
- Bill C-49 passed second reading in the House of Commons with a rare unanimous vote by all three federal parties.
- Minister of National Defence, 1993.
- Minister of Veterans Affairs, 1993.
- Progress Conservative Party Leader, June 13 - December 13, 1993.
- When Brian Mulroney announced his retirement, Campbell was encouraged to run for party leader. Her strongest competition was Jean Charest, whom she beat in a very close vote at the PC Leadership Convention in June. Kim Campbell became Canada's first female Prime Minister.
|Did You Know?
During the 1993 election, Kim Campbell hired an American advertising company to create a commercial for her campaign. The commercial, which mocked Jean Chrétien's facial disablility (paralysis on one side), was not well received in Canada.
- Unfortunately for Kim, the Conservative mandate to govern had expired and she was obliged to call an election for October, 1993. Nine years of dissatisfaction for the Conservatives, in which Canadians found themselves suddenly saddled with NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement), the Goods and Service Tax (GST), constitutional fiascos and a serious recession, were simply too much for Kim to overcome and the Conservatives suffered an extraordinary and unprecedented defeat in which Conservative seats in the House of Commons was reduced to only two. Kim even lost her Vancouver seat.
- Kim Campbell retired from politics and returned to teaching where she was offered a fellowship at Harvard University. Since then, however, Kim has returned to politics, having been appointed by Prime Minister Jean Chrétien to the post of Consul General in Los Angeles, California.
*(Progressive) Conservative *Liberal *Unionist/Conservative