A Brief History
of Canada


Pre-History to Present

Important Moments in Canadian History
(Click links for detail)

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Pre-History to 1599 - Early Exploration

  • Discovery of the New World
  • Vikings, Jacques Cartier & Samuel de Champlain
  • Chief Donnacona & Kidnapping
  • Martin Frobisher & the Search for Gold
  • Failed Settlements

1600 to 1699 - Settlement, Fur Trade & War

  • First Permanent Settlement in the New World
  • Beaver Pelts & the Hudson's Bay Company
  • Radisson & des Grosseilliers
  • la Salle, the Mad Explorer
  • Jesuits, Recollets & Suplicians
  • Death of the Hurons & Iroquois Invasions
  • Frontenac & King William's War

1700 - 1799

  • Wolfe defeats Montcalm on the Plains of Abraham
  • Acadian (Cajuns) move south to Louisiana
  • The American Revolution and the United Empire Loyalists
  • Setting the border between Canada and the United States
  • Upper and Lower Canada.

1800 - 1866

  • The Road to Confederation
  • Railroad expansion
  • War of 1812
  • Laura Secord
  • 49'th Parallel border
  • 'Responsible Government'
  • The Province of Canada
  • Birth of Ottawa
  • Fenian raids
  • Charlottetown and Quebec Conferences
  • British North American Act

1867 - 1899

  • Confederation: Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia become the Dominion of Canada
  • Ottawa becomes the Capital of Canada
  • Sir John A. Macdonald (Canada's first prime minister)
  • Red River Rebellion
  • Manitoba
  • British Columbia
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Northwest Territories
  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police
  • Canadian Pacific Railway
  • Louis Riel
  • Alexander Graham Bell
  • Women's Suffrage
  • Sir Sanford Flemming & Standard Time
  • Manitoba Schools Question
  • The Klondike
  • Doukhobours
  • The Yukon

1900 - 1929

  • Alberta
  • Saskatchewan
  • 'Anne of Green Gables'
  • Titanic disaster
  • Empress of Ireland disaster
  • World War I & the War Measures Act
  • "In Flanders' Fields"
  • Conscription issue & the Union Government
  • Parliament Buildings fire
  • Income Tax
  • Armistice
  • League of Nations

1930 - 1959

  • The Dionne Quints
  • Communism in Canada
  • World War II & Canadian involvement
  • Japanese-Canadian debacle
  • The Alcan Highway
  • D-Day
  • United Nations & Canada's involvement in creating the UN Peace Corps
  • Canada's bush plane, the Beaver
  • NATO
  • St. Lawrence Seaway
  • Avro Arrow
  • Newfoundland

1960 - 1979

  • Canadian Bill of Rights
  • Bilingualism
  • The Eastern Seaboard Blackout of '65
  • Expo '67
  • Canada's Centennial
  • Trudeaumania
  • The October Crisis
  • Acid Rain
  • Controversial Bill 101
  • Terry Fox's 'Marathon of Hope'

1980 -

  • Quebec sovereignty (the 'separatist' movement)
  • Canada's Constitution
  • The Ben Johnson Olympic humiliation
  • Free Trade
  • The 'Loonie' & 'Toonie'
  • University of Montreal Massacre
  • Meech Lake & the Bloc Quebecois
  • GST
  • Native actions
  • James Bay Project
  • Canada in space
  • Collapse of the Conservative Party
  • Confederation Bridge
  • Fishing & Logging disputes
  • Nunavut

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