Officially granted by Royal Warrant on May 10, 1905, by King Edward VII.
The Shield is topped by St. George's Cross on a white background, representing King George III and symbolizing British heritage. The bison represents the once-vast herds of bison which once roamed freely throughout the province and provided food and clothing not only to the Aboriginals, but to the early settlers as well.
Coat of Arms
The Shield was augmented on October 23, 1992, by Governor-General Ramon Hnatyshyn.
The Crest sits atop the Armorial Bearings of Manitoba and is comprised of a Royal Crown of sovereignty resting on a beaver's back which, in turn, rests upon a silver and white wreath which sits atop a gold helmet. The beaver, a symbol of Canada, holds a Prairie Crocus, the official flower of Manitoba. It also symbolizes the role of the Hudson's Bay Company and beaver fur trade in Manitoba's early history. The traditional mantle is white and red, Canada's official colours.
The Supporters are a unicorn and a white horse. The unicorn, which also supports the Arms of Britain and Scotland, represents Manitoba's British heritage. The horse represents the vital role horses played in Manitoba's early settlement. Collars of Aboriginal bead and bonework are decorated with maple leaves and Red River Cart wheels. They stand on a mound of wheat, prairie crocuses and forests, all supported on waves and representing Manitoba's diverse landscape and numerous rivers and lakes.
The Motto, GLORIOSUS ET LIBER, means 'Glorious and Free', a phrase borrowed from Canada's national anthem, 'O Canada'.