Official Symbols & Emblems

Flower - Purple Violet

Adopted in 1936 as a result of the efforts of the provincial Women's Institute, the Purple Violet, Viola cucullata, blooms from May to July and has long been known for its supposed medicinal qualities. The flowers, when made into a jam, are said to soothe indigestion and, if made into a syrup, may suppress a cough.

Bird - Black-Capped Chickadee

Adopted in August 1983, as a result of a contest conducted by the provincial Federation of Naturalists, the Black-Capped Chickadee, Poecile atricapillus, is a small, easily-recognized, and very acrobatic bird. It's distinct 'chickadee-dee-dee' song can be heard throughout the year while another high-pitched call welcomes Spring.

Tree - Balsam Fir

Adopted on May 1, 1987, the Balsam Fir, Abies balsamia, is best recognized as a Christmas tree, which is a major source of income for the province during the holiday season. Larger firs, which can grow to 20 metres (65 feet), are a staple of the province's lumber industry, and the unusually-long wood fibers are perfect for making high-quality paper.