Official Symbols & Emblems

Flower - Pitcher Plant

Originally selected by Queen Victoria to be printed on the newly-minted Newfoundland Penny, the Pitcher Plant, Sarracenia purpurea, was later designated by the Newfoundland Cabinet in 1954 to be the official flower of the new province. This unique plant can be found throughout the marshes and bogs of Newfoundland. The wine and green flowers attract the insects which, occasionally, fall into the tubular leaves below. The cup-shaped leaves collect water and rain, drowning the insects which nourish the plant.

Bird - Atlantic Puffin

Ninety-five percent of all the Puffins, Fraterculus arctica, in North America breed on the coasts of Newfoundland and Labrador. The largest colony can be seen in the Witless Bay Ecological Reserve just south of St. John's.

Game Bird - Partridge or Ptarmigan

Two species of partridge, the Willow Ptarmigan, Lagopus lagopus, and the Rock Ptarmigan, Lagopus mutus, inhabit the province, mainly in the barrens and in the higher regions. An Arctic bird, it is believed that the Burin and Avalon peninsulas deliniate the bird's southernmost range in North America.