Adopted in June 1957, the Mountain Avens, Dryas octopetala, flourishes throughout the eastern and central Arctic regions. A member of the rose family, the Avens has narrow leaves and a single, short stem which supports a yellow and white flower. It can be found in virtually any open, well-drained area, especially on higher, rocky terrain.
Bird - Gyrfalcon
Adopted in 1990, the Gyrfalcon, Falco rusticolus, is the largest of the falcons and easily the most magnificent bird in the Arctic. Sleek, fast and strong, Gyrfalcons winter in the north and can be found anywhere in the Northwest Territories during that season. Although Gyrfalcons can range in colour from white to shades of grey or brown to black, the darker-coloured birds are more common in the tundra regions.
Tree - Tamarack
Replacing the Jack Pine as a symbol, the Tamarack, Larix laricina became the official tree of the Northwest Territories on September 9, 1999. Growing to heights of 15 metres (49 feet), the Tamarack is a prime source of firewood and is used in making poles and posts.
Mineral - Gold
Adopted in May 1981, Gold has played a major role throughout the history of the Northwest Territories. It was selected as an emblem to signify the continuing wealth and prosperity of the territory as it forges into the future.
Gemstone - Diamond
Adopted on September 9, 1999, the Diamond symbolizes the fact that the Northwest Territories was home to Canada's first diamond mine.
Fish - Arctic Grayling
Adopted on September 9, 1999, the Arctic Grayling, Thymallus arcticus, easily adapts to the wide range of extreme and harsh habitats found throughout the Northwest Territories.