Official Symbols & Emblems

Flower - Trillium

Adopted in 1937, the White Trillium, Trillium grandiflorum, can be found in abundance in the moist deciduous forests of Ontario from late April to early May. White blankets of these beautiful flowers cover the woodland floors for a few weeks of the year.

Bird - Common Loon

Adopted on June 23, 1994, the Common Loon, Gavia immer, are common sights and sounds in and around the many lakes and rivers of Ontario. Their lonely, haunting, soothing call echos across the evening waters and brings a person 'back to nature' as no other sound can. (To hear the call of the Loon, click here.)

In 1987, Canada replaced its $1 bill with a coin. Featured on the 'tail' side of the coin is a swimming loon, very similar to the one pictured above, but without the riding infants. The nickname 'Loonie' was quickly applied to the coin and remains to this day.

Tree - Eastern White Pine

Adopted on May 1, 1984, the Eastern White Pine, Pinus strobus linnaeus, has been a major source of commerce and trade since the early days of the pioneer. And it makes a delightful Christmas tree, too.

Mineral - Amethyst

Adopted in 1995, the Amethyst, the purple variety of Quartz, comes in many varied shades of purple. The name itself is of Greek origin and means 'not drunken', possibly because it was once believed to have warded off the effects of alcohol, but it is more probable that the name comes from the similarity of colour to wine. It is common in areas in Central Ontario and is a very popular gemstone.

Franco-Ontarian Flag

The Franco-Ontarian Flag was adopted in 2001 and was given Royal Assent on June 29 of that same year, becoming an official emblem of the French-speaking community of Ontario. The colours green and white represent the varied climate of Ontario - from the heat of Summer to the cold and snow of Winter. The lily (Fleur de Lis) represents the world-wide French-speaking communities while the stylized trillium is an official symbol of Ontario (see above).