Adopted in 1957, the Fireweed, Epilobium angustifolium, is one of the most beautiful flowers of the north, blooming from July to September. This hardy plant is one of the first plants to appear following a fire. While all parts of the flower are edible, Fireweed sprouts are often harvested and cooked as greens.
Bird - Raven
Adopted in October 1986, the Raven, Corvus corax, is found throughout the Yukon Territory. A very intelligent bird, pairs mate for life. They are far from finicky eaters and will dine on everything from carrion to pizza crusts tossed in trash cans to groceries carelessly left in the backs of pick-up trucks.
Called 'Crow', plays heavily in traditional folklore of the First Nations People of Yukon, and stories are passed down from one generation to the next.
Tree - Sub-alpine Fir
Adopted in 2001, the Sub-alpine Fir, Abies lasiocarpa, is found in most regions of Yukon south of Dawson (at 64° north latitude). Its natural down-sloping branches easily withstand the heavy loads of snow they must endure. Not only does it make an excellent Christmas or landscaping tree, the wood of the Sub-alpine Fir is often used for campfires by hikers and hunters in the treeline areas.
First Nations People have made natural medicines from the Sub-alpine Fir for centuries. The needles, when boiled, make a cold-fighting lemon-flavoured tea rich in Vitamin C. The sap is used to treat lung ailments.
Gemstone - Lazulite
Adopted in February 1976, Lazulite is the only semi-precious gemstone of any quantity found in the Yukon. A soft stone (it can be scratched with metal), its value comes more from its beauty and scarcity than its use as a cut stone. Although well-formed Lazulite crystals can be found in only 5 areas of the world - Austria, Sweden, Brazil, the southern United States, and the Canadian Arctic - those crystals found in the Yukon, because of their rich colours and fine quality, are among the finest in the world.