The Right Honourable
Martin Brian Mulroney

1984-1993
Progressive Conservative

"Throughout our history, trade has been critical to Canada's livelihood. Now, almost one third of what we produce is exported. Few countries in the world are so dependent on trade. This trend ultimately threatens the jobs of many Canadians and the living standards of the nation as a whole. We must confront this threat. We must reverse this trend. To do so, we need a better, a fairer, and a more predictable trade relationship with the United States. At stake are more than two million jobs which depend directly on Canadian access to the U.S. market." Brian Mulroney, 1985


Private Life
  • Born: March 20, 1939, Baie-Comeau, Québec.
  • Education: St. Francis Xavier University, B.A., 1959; Laval University, LL.L., 1964.
    • Mulroney became involved in politics during his university days and joined the Conservative Party. He campaigned for the Tories in Nova Scotia in 1956.
    • Served as prime minister of St. Francis of Xavier's model of Canadian parliament.
    • Elected as the Vice-President of the Conservative Students' Federation while at Laval.
    • By 1961, Mulroney was a student advisor to Prime Minister John Diefenbaker.
  • Marriage: Mila Pivnicki (1953-____) in 1973.
    • One daughter and three sons.
  • Called to the Quebec Bar, 1965.
  • Member of the Cliche Commission of Inquiry, 1974-1975.
    • The Commission was set up by Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa in 1974 to investigate the Quebec construction industry.
    • The Commission discovered unprecedented violence and corruption, and, because of the scathing report that resulted, Mulroney became very well-known in Quebec.
  • Vice-President of the Iron Ore Company, 1976-1977.
  • President of the Iron Ore Company, 1977-1983.
  • Author.
  • Died: ____

Political Career

Did You Know?

Mulroney was a great fan of former Prime Minister John Diefenbaker. By 1961, while studying law at Laval, Mulroney had endeared himself to Diefenbaker to the point that he was selected as a student advisor. Mulroney's colleagues at Laval, however, refused to believe that Mulroney was talking politics with the Chief and dared him to get Diefenbaker to speak in their law class. Shortly thereafter, the surprised students watched as Brian Mulroney introduced Prime Minister John Diefenbaker to them.

  • Constituencies: Central Nova, Nova Scotia, 1983-1984; Manicouagan, Québec, 1984-1988; Charlevoix, Québec, 1988-1993.
  • Lost the Conservative leadership race to Joe Clark on the 3'rd ballot, 1976.
  • Progressive Conservative Party Leader, 1983-1993.
  • Leader of the Opposition, 1983-1984.
  • Mulroney led the Conservatives to the greatest majority in Canadian history, 211 seats in the House of Commons.
  • The Constitutional Accord (Meech Lake Accord), 1987, failed in an attempt by which Quebec would sign the 1982 Constitution. (The Accord was not passed by the Manitoba and Newfoundland legislatures.)
  • Canadian Multiculturalism Act, 1988.
  • Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement, 1988.
  • Canada's Green Plan for a Healthy Environment, 1990.
  • Oversaw Canada's participation in the Gulf War, 1991.
  • Implemented the Goods and Service Tax (GST), 1991.
  • North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), 1992.
  • The Constitutional Accord (Charlottetown Agreement), 1992, was a second attempt to secure constitutional unanimity. A national referendum was called, but the Accord was ultimately defeated.
  • The Nunavut Settlement Agreement with the Inuit, 1993, set into motion the division of the Northwest Territories into a new territory, Nunavut.
  • Mulroney retired from politics in 1993.

*(Progressive) Conservative *Liberal *Unionist/Conservative

* Macdonald * Mackenzie * Abbott * Thompson * Bowell
* Tupper * Laurier * Borden * Meighen * King
* Bennett * St. Laurent * Diefenbaker * Pearson * Trudeau
* Clark * Turner * Mulroney * Campbell * Chrétien

Canadiana