Louis de Buade, Compte de Frontenac

Louis de Buade de Frontenac was born in Paris in 1662. His father was the captain of the royal castle St-Germain-en-Laye and his mother was the daughter of Secretary of State of King Louis XIII. The King, in fact, was godfather to young Louis de Buade. He was destined to a great future.

Frontenac entered the military where he eventually rose to the rank of Marshall of the King's Camps. Having served in France, Italy, Germany and Holland, his military reputation preceeded him to New France when he was made Governor-General of New France in 1672.

Throughout his first administration, which lasted from 1672 to 1682, Frontenac opened the west to New France. In 1673, he sent Jesuit Father Jacques Marquette and coureur de bois Louis Jolliet beyond the Great Lakes where they discovered the headwaters of the Mississippi River. With fur trade expanding, he authorized new trading posts and had a fort built at present-day Kingston, Ontario, which served both as warning and deterrent to the Iroquois raiding parties and as a communications centre for the western trading posts. Before being recalled to France in 1682, Frontenac sent René-Robert Cavelier de la Salle to explore the Mississippi River from its source to its mouth.

Frontenac was a superb military man and accomplished much during his assignment as Governor-General, but he was also very proud and domineering. He often quarrelled with other colonial officials over even the most minor issues and was vehement in his opinions regarding the trade of alcohol with the Natives which he felt was necessary for the survival of the colony. When decrees were issued by King Louis XIV banning the sale of alcohol to the natives, Frontenac did not keep his opinions to himself. Despite his efforts to quell Frontenac's haughty and imperious nature, the King had little choice but to revolk Frontenac's title as Governor-General and to recall him to France in 1682.

Frontenac would return to a New France in the midst of war in 1689.

Frontenac - Saviour of New France