The other French machines

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Because of the Charles Cros's letter written on April the 16th of 1877 and filed with Science Academy of Paris on the 18th, describing very precisely the way to reverse Scott's phonautograph "recording" by photo engraving process, the French have always considered that Charles Cros has invented the talking machine (there is the same kind of controversy between Clement Ader and the Wright brothers for the first flight of a propelled flying machine).  For this reason, the Edison and Columbia patents were never in force in France, leaving the freedom to anybody to make phonographs as they will.  This explains why, in France, you can find so many companies which have made phonographs, many of them in relatively small quantity.  Here are some of them:

 

Bettini  bettinithumb.GIF (12529 bytes)

Charmeur  charmeurthumb.JPG (5634 bytes)

Colibri  colibrithumb.JPG (6292 bytes)

Excelsior  mazoexcelthumb.JPG (5465 bytes)

Fauvette fauvettethumb.JPG (7556 bytes)

Fondain  fondainthumb.JPG (6408 bytes)

Girard  girard1thumb.jpg (4609 bytes)

Ideal  idealthumb.JPG (6892 bytes)

Globe Trotter  globetrotterthumb.JPG (7684 bytes)

Lioret  lioret.GIF (17925 bytes)

Maleville

 

Stix (1)  3hornthumb.JPG (7902 bytes)

Stix (2)  idealdiscthumb.jpg (6340 bytes)

Stix (3)  styx3thumb.JPG (6786 bytes)

Stix (4)  styx4thumb.jpg (8025 bytes)

Ullman (1)  combretthumb.JPG (7719 bytes)

Ullman (2)  ullmanthumb.jpg (6749 bytes)

Unknown  incfran2thumb.JPG (7061 bytes)

Under Construction

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