In the document, Balances, I will show you that it refers to weights and measures. Revelation 6:5 refers to a pair of balances, which is how they measure gold or silver to make a purchase. Verse 6 in Revelation refers to a measure, and how much it will cost. But balances also refers to a yoke.
All text taken from the King James Bible
Lev.19:35 - Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, in meteyard, in weight, or in measure. (36) Just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin, shall ye have: I am the LORD your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt.ephah - about 7 gallons, or nine-tenths of a bushel, dry measure
Jer.32:10 - And I subscribed the evidence, and sealed [it] and took witnesses, and weighed [him] the money in the balances.
In Job, chapter 31 we find Job talking to himself and/or God, and he says:-
Job 31:4-6 - Doth not he (God) see my ways, and count all my steps? (5) If I have walked with vanity, or if my foot hath hasted to deceit; (6) Let me be weighed in an even balance (that is, in the balances of justice) that God may know mine integrity. - See - Iniquity and Vanity; Four Horses of Revelation
Prov.16:2 - All the ways of a man [are] clean in his own eyes; but the LORD weigheth the spirits.
Prov.11:1 - A false balance [is] abomination to the LORD: but a just weight (Heb., a perfect or, full stone) [is] his delight.
the LORD weigheth the spirits - Prov.16:2
Dan.5:27 - TEKEL; Thou are weighed in the balances, and art found wanting.
Thou are weighed in the balances - Dan.5:27
Please see verse 6 in Job 31:4-6 above again, as well as -
Ps.62:9 - Surely men of low degree [are] vanity, [and] men of high degree [are] a lie: to be laid in the balance, they [are] altogether [lighter] than vanity.
Let us continue with balances in -
Prov.20:23 - Divers (or different) weights are an abomination unto the LORD; and a false balance [is] not good.
Is.40:10-15 - Behold, the Lord GOD will come with strong [hand,] and his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward [is] with him, and his work before him. (11) He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry [them] in his bosom, [and] shall gently lead those that are with young. (12) Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance? (13) Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD, or [being] his counsellor hath taught him? (14) With whom took he counsel, and [who] instructed him, (Heb., made him understand), and taught him in the path of judgment, and taught him knowledge, and shewed to him the way of understanding? (15) Behold, the nations [are] as a drop of a bucket, and are counted as the small dust of the balance: behold he taketh up the isles as a very little thing.
In the above scripture, vs. 12-15, we see that God is instructing Jesus (his arm).
But let us not forget,
John10:30 - I (Jesus) and [my] Father are one.
Meaning that Jesus only does what he sees his/our heavenly Father do, or what his (our heavenly) Father instructs him to do.
Micah 6:9-15 - The LORD's voice crieth unto the city, and [the man of] wisdom shall see thy name: hear ye the rod, and who hath appointed it. (10) Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure (Heb., measure of leanness) [that is] abominable? (11) Shall I (Micah) count [them] pure with the wicked balances, and with the bag of deceitful weights? (12) For the rich men thereof are full of violence, and the inhabitants thereof have spoken lies, and their tongue [is] deceitful in their mouth. (13) Therefore also will I (the Lord) make [thee] sick in smiting thee, in making [thee] desolate because of thy sins. (14) Thou shalt eat, but not be satisfied; and thy casting down [shall be] in the midst of thee; and thou shalt take hold, but shalt not deliver; and [that] which thou deliverst will I (the Lord) give up to the sword - See - Sword of the Lord--Word of God; Four Sore Judgments, (15) Thou shalt sow, but thou shalt not reap; thou shalt tread the olives, but thou shalt not anoint thee with oil; and sweet wine, but shalt not drink wine.
wicked balances - Micah 6:11
Hosea 12:7 - [He is] a merchant, the balances of deceit [are] in his hands: he loveth to oppress (or, deceive).
Now we can see from the above scriptures in Micah and Hosea, that the Lord does not like those who deceive others, or do not weigh the merchandise correctly.
Now let me give you the definitions for "balances" before I begin the scriptures in the New Testament.
balances #3976 - O.T. - AV - balances - 1) scales, balances - found in - Lev.19:36; Job 6:2; 31:6; Ps.62:9; Prov.11:1; 16:11; 20:23; Is.40:12, 15; Jer.32:10; Ezek.5:1; 45:10; Hosea 12:7; Amos 8:5; Micah 6:11 - from #239
#239 - O.T. - a primitave root [rather identical with #238 through the idea of scales as if two ears] - AV - gave good heed - 1) (Piel) weigh, test, prove, consider - found in Eccle.12:9
Eccl.12:8-10 - Vanity of vanities, saith the preacher; all [is] vanity - See - Iniquity and Vanity, (9) And moreover, because the preacher was wise, he still taught the people knowledge; yea, he gave good heed, and sought out, [and] set in order many proverbs. (10) The preacher sought to find out acceptable words: (Heb., words of delight), and [that which was] written [was] upright, [even] words of truth.
#238 - O.T. - a primitive root - AV- give ear, hearken, hear, preceived by the ear. This number can be found 41 times in the O.T., but I will not go into these.
balances #3977 O.T. - AV - balances; 1) scale, balances - found in Dan.5:27 (found above) and corresponding to #3976 - see above.
balances #2218 - N.T. - from the root of zeugnumi (to join, especially by a "yoke") - AV - yoke, pair of balances - found 6 times - Matt.11:29-30; Acts 15:10; Gal.5:1; I Tim.6:1; Rev.6:5
Continuing with balances/yoke
Acts 15:10 - Now therefore why tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear?
Gal.5:1 - Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.
I Tim.6:1 - let as many servants as are under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honour, that the name of God and [his] doctrine be not blasphemed.
Matt.11:29-30 - Take my yoke (of Jesus) upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. (30) For my joke [is] easy, and my burden light.
my yoke [is] easy, and my burden light - Matt.11:30
I John 5:3 - For this is the love of God, that we keep his comandments: and his commandments are not grevious.
John 14:15 - If ye love me, keep my commandments.
II John 6 - And this is love, that we walk after his commandments. This is the commandment, That, as ye have heard from the beginning, ye should walk in. - See - Ten Commandments
Rev.6:5-6 - And when he (the Lamb) had opened the third seal, I (John) heard the third beast say, Come and see. And I (John) beheld, and lo a black horse; and he that sat on him (the Spirit of Christ) had a pair of balances in his hand. (6) And I (John) heard a voice int he midst of the four beasts say, A measure of wheat for a penny, and three measure of barley for a penny; and [see] thou hurt not the oil and the wine.
Rev.9:4 - And it was commanded them (the locust) that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads. - See- Sign, Mark and Seal of God; Ten Commandments
While balances refers to weights and measures, it also refers to giving and hearing good words and doing that which is just and righteous, and when Jesus asks us to take his burden and because it is light and not grevious, it means that he wants us to do that which is righteous and follow the commandments of God. However, Jesus is the only one who has bore the whole burden of the yoke, when he was crucified for the sins of man.