This is, the Parable of the Tares of the Field as Jesus told the disciples when they were alone. This is just one of the stories Jesus taught his disciples regarding the kingdom of heaven in private.
Please note, this is the Parable of the Tares of the Field not the Parable of the Sower. Do not confuse these two stories. While Jesus spoke about the tares in the parable of the sower, when he had sent the multitude away the disciples asked specifically to be told the parable of the tares of the field. (Jesus expounded all things to his disciples when they were alone. - see Mark 4:34) After all, he chose these disciples to be the ones to continue teaching his message after he was gone, and he knew he was only going to be on earth in the flesh, for a short period of time.
As there is a great deal of information in this document, you will need to sit down and study it, to completely understand what this parable means. You will also need to read Baptize, Salvation, Faith, Dead and Death as well as Judgment,The First Resurrection and The Second Death
All text taken from the version of the King James Bible
Before we begin with the parable, I will give you the definition of some of the words and/or phrases used in this parable so you can refer to them as you read.
he that sowed the good seed is - the Son of man - he (Jesus)
the field - is the world - the people in the world
the good seed - are the children of the kingdom of God
the tares - are the children of the wicked [one] - enemy
the enemy - is the devil - See - The Enemy--The Devil and his Followers
the harvest - is the end of the world (or the end of the age
the reapers - are the angels, on God's side - the good
the fire - the furnace or fire is where they (the tares, the
Please refer to the above words or phrases when reading, additional help will be given as we go along. The above definitions also apply to Parable of the Kingdom and the Sower, you may also find some help in Parable of the Kingdom and Sower Scriptural Definitions
This parable begins at Matt.13:36-43 and includes verse 51.
Matt.13:36 - Then Jesus sent the multitude away, and went into the house: and his disciples came unto him, saying, Declare unto us the parable of the tares of the field.
Matt.13:37 - He (Jesus) answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man;
soweth the good seed - positive words - good news, gospel
One of the people to sow good seed was Isaiah, - let us look to see what he said.
Is.61:1 - The Spirit of the Lord God [is] upon me (Isaiah); because the LORD hath annointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and opening of the prison to [them that are] bound;
Let us look at what Jesus said in -
Luke 4:18 - The Spirit of the Lord [is] upon me, because he hath annointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,
So both Isaiah and Jesus said the same thing, that they come to teach or preach, good tidings - the gospel; to bind up or heal, the brokenhearted; to proclaim or preach liberty or deliverance - to the captives; to open the prison to them which are bound or recover the sight to the blind (or those who cannot see and understand the Lord's word) and to set at liberty (free them) that are bruised (treaded on by Satan)
the Spirit of the Lord God [is] upon me; because the LORD hath annointed me to preach good tidings unto the poor; -
Is.11:1-2 - And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots: (2)And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD: - See - The Root or Stem of Jessie--A Righteous Branch/Holy One
John 1:32 - And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him (Jesus).
Matt.3:16-17 - And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he (John the Baptist) saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: (17) And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. - See - Baptize, Salvation, Faith, Dead and Death
good tidings/glad tidings, or gospel - good news of Christ, who is the image of God or to spread good seed, positive words
Rom.10:15 - And how shall they preach except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach, and bring glad tidings of good things.
II Cor. 4:3-4 - But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: (4) In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel (good news) of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
Matt.13:13-15 - Therefore speak I (Jesus) to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand. (14) And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear and not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive: (15) For this people's hearts is waxed gross, and [their] ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with [their] eyes, and hear with [their] heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not - the rulers of darkness - the enemy - the devil or Satan
Eph.6:12 - For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness (or wicked spirits) in high places (heavenly places) - See - The Enemy--The Devil and His Followers.
Many cannot see, hear, or understand what the gospel is saying to them, and when it is explained to them, they reject it, because it is not what they want to hear and it is not what they want to do, because they are only interested in themselves and what they want to do, and not what God wants them do. because the god of this world (Satan) has blinded them. - See Fountains of Living Waters vs. Cisterns,
Now I will go back and explain a few phrases in Is. 11 and Luke 4 -
But the Lord will -
bind up the brokenhearted -
Ps. 147:3 - He (the Lord) healeth the broken in heart, and bindeth up their wounds (griefs)
to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to [them that are] bound - or liberty unto them - to let the people be free from Satan's rule
captive(s) - means prisoner(s) or people
captivity - means imprisonment to confine or bound
Jesus would have used whatever example was necessary to explain the kingdom of heaven to his disciples and what he meant, by using the following scripture -
Jer.34:8-9 - [This is] the word that came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, after that the king Zedekiah had made a covenant with all the people which [were] at Jerusalem, to proclaim liberty unto them; (9) That every man should let his manservant, and every maidservant, [being] an Hebrew or Hebrewess, go free; that none should serve himself of them to [wit] of a Jew his brother.
Ex. 21:2 - If thou buy a Hebrew servant (bondsman, not a chattel slave), six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.
The disciples would probably have known about the rules governing a Hebrew/Hebrewess bond-person servant, that they worked for six years and the seventh year they are allowed to go free. However, it may have been necessary for Jesus to explain that Satan, or the enemy, will likewise hold the field, or the people in the world, captive, or in bondage, for six thousand years, before he (Satan) will be locked up for a thousand years. At this time, the people of the world or field will be free from Satan's rule or captivity and they will be able to see or understand the Lord's word. After a thousand years Satan, will be released again for a little while, - see - Rev.20:1-3 below.
bondage - means to be enslaved - a servant, to be held captive.
Gal.4:1-6 - Now I (Paul) say, [That] the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; (2) But is under tutors and govenors until the time appointed of the father. (3) Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements (or, rudiments) of the world: (4) But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, (5) To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. (6) And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. - See - Christ, Our High Priest - After the Order of Melchisedec/Melchizedek
Gal.5:1 - Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.
Acts 15:10 - Now therefore why tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear?
Is.42:7 - To open the blind eyes, to bring prisoners out of the prison, [and] them that sit in darkness out of the prison house.
II Tim.2:26 - And [that] they may recover (or, awake, or arouse) themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.
Heb.2:14-15 - Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself (Jesus) likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; (15) And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. - See - Christ, Our High Priest - After the Order of Melchisedec/Melchizedek; and Baptize, Salvation, Faith, Dead and Death
deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage -
Luke 1:74 - That he (God) would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear.
serve him without fear -
Rom.6:18 - Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness.
So you see here, bondage is to be imprisoned or held captive to serving the enemy - the devil - to be absent without knowing and/or understanding the word of God and having Jesus in your life. When Jesus died for our sins that allowed us to serve God with righteousness if we chose, to follow God and not the devil.
Rev. 20:1-3 - And I (John) saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. (2) And he (the angel) laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years. (3) And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season. - See - Baptize, Salvation, Faith, Dead and Death
As further documentation -
In six days God created or made the heavens and earth and all there is in it, Gen.1:1-31, and rested and santified the seventh day. Gen.2:1-3
Ex.20:8-11 - Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. (9) Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: (10) But the seventh day [is] the sabbath of the LORD thy God: [in it] thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that [is] within thy gates: (11) For [in] six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them [is], and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. - See - Ten Commandments
II Peter 3:8 - But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day [is] with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.
So if a thousand years is as a day, and it took God six days to create the heavens and the earth and all there is in - that is six thousand years to us, to God, it would have been six days, and Satan or the devil, - the god of this world, is ruling during this period of time - see - Eph.6:12, above. The seventh day, or the final one thousand years - God rested and santified it, thus it is holy. So, at the end of the six thousand years, an angel will come down from heaven and lay hold of the devil and bind him up for a thousand years, (see Rev.20:1-3 above), hence allowing the people to finally see and understand the Lord's word for the final thousand years, or 7th day which God santified.
Let us take a look at -
Ps.68:17-19 - The chariots of God [are] twenty thousand, [even] thousands of angels: the Lord [is] among them, [as in] Sinai, in the holy [place] (18) Thou hast ascended on high, (Jesus) thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, [for] the rebelious also, that the LORD God might dwell [among them]. (19) Blessed [be] the Lord, [who] daily loadeth us [with benefit even] the God of our salvaton. Selah.
Thou hast ascended on high - this is Jesus
Acts 1:2-3 - Until the day in which he (Jesus) was taken up, after that he (Jesus) through the Holy Ghost had given commandments unto the apostles whom he had chosen: (3) To whom also he shewed (showed) himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God:
The apostles asked Jesus if he would, at the time when they were to be baptized with the Holy Ghost, restore the kingdom again to Israel - Acts 1:6
Acts 1:7-9 - And he (Jesus) said unto them, It is not for you to know the times or seasons, which the Father hath put in his own power (8) But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost [is] come upon you: (or, the power of the Holy Ghost coming upon you,) and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth. (9) and when he has spoken these things, while they beheld, he (Jesus) was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight.
See the definitions for the words "captivity" and "captive" above.
hast led captivity captive - when Jesus was crucified, he took upon himself the sins of the world, or the field. Until the end of the age of time, the people of the world are under the rule of the god of this world - Satan. But, at the end of Satan's six thousand year rule, Jesus will release us from Satan's rule, and Satan will be lock up for a thousand years before he (Satan) will again be released from the pit to try and deceive the people before he (Satan or the devil) is finally thrown into the lake of fire. See Rev. 20:7-10 - Also see - Furnace of Fire/Lake of Fire and Brimstone
Eph.4:8 - Wherefore he saith, (Paul is referring to Jesus), When he (Jesus) ascended up on high, he led captivity captive (or, a multitude of captives), and gave gifts unto men.
he led captivity captive - Jesus led the captive (prisoners, the people), out of captivity (imprisonment or bondage)
Col.2:15 - [And] having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them (himself) in it.
spoiled principalities and powers, - by being crucified and being resurrected from the dead
Col.2:10 - And ye are complete in him, (Jesus), which is the head of all principality and power:
is the head of all principality and power: - Jesus
I Peter 3:22 - Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.
hast received gifts for men; (or) gave gifts unto men -
Eph.4:11 - And he (Jesus) gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;
Acts 2:1-4 - And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they (the apostles) were all with one accord in one place. (2) And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they (the apostles) were sitting. (3) And there appeared unto them (the apostles) cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. (4) And they (the apostles) were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
So Jesus gave the apostles the gift of speaking in tongues also.
Let us continue with the parable -
Matt.13:38 - The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked [one];
the field is the world -
Matt.24:14 - And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.
Matt.28:19 - Go ye therefore, and teach (make disciples or Christians), all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: - (See Eph.4:8 above).
children of the wicked [one] - are tares, children of disobedience - see Tares
John 8:44 - Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
Matt.13:39 - The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world (end of the age of time); and the reapers are the angels. Please refer to the definitions at the top of the document as well as - see - The Enemy--The Devil and His Followers also, Parable of the Kingdom and Sower--Part I for additional scriptures
the harvest is the end of the world -
Rev.14:15 - And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe (or dried - ready to be gathered)
Joel 3:13 - Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is full, the fats overflow; for their wickedness [is] great.
he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet,
I Cor.15:52 - in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye; at the last trumpet: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
I Thes.4:15-17 - For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive [and] remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent (precede) them which are asleep. (16) For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: (17) Then we which are alive [and] remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. - See - Baptize, Salvation, Faith, Dead and Death
Jesus does not mean the world is going to end, but it will be the end of the age of time, in which Satan will be allowed to rule on earth. As stated previously, at the end of six thousand years, Satan will be chained up for a thousand years and he (Satan) will no longer be able to deceive the people. Read Rev.20:1-3 above again. But when the final trumpet sounds, Jesus will send his angels to gather his elect, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible.
the dead in Christ or dead with Christ -
I Cor.15:19-26 - If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable. (20) But now is Christ risen from the dead, [and] become the first fruits of them that slept. (21) For since by man [came] death, by man [came] also the resurrection of the dead. (22) For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive (23) But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterwards they that are Christ's at his coming. (24) Then [cometh] the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he (Jesus) shall have put down all rule and all authority and power. (25) For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. (26) The last enemy [that] shall be destroyed [is] death.
dead shall be raised -
Rom.6:3-4 - know ye not, that so many of us as were (or are) baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? (4) Therefore we are buried with him (Jesus Christ) by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.
Rom.6:7-10 - For he that is dead is freed (or justified) from sin. (8) Now if we be dead with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him: (9) Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him.
Rev.1:18 - I (Jesus) [am] he that liveth and was dead; and behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell (Hades - grave) and of death.
Jesus will have control over death when he returns, as this is the last enemy
Ps. 68:20 - [He that is] our God [is] the God of salvaton; and unto GOD the Lord [belong[ the issues from death.
When we follow God's commandments and truly give our lives over to Christ and are baptized in his name, we are one with Christ. - See - Ten Commandments
Rev.14:13 - And I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, (John), Write, Blessed [are] the dead which die in the Lord from hence forth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them.
Rev.20:12 - And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is [the book] of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.
Matt.13:40-41 - As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of the world (end of the age of time) (41) The Son of man (Jesus) shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things (scandals) that offend, and them which do iniquity; - See - Iniquity and Vanity
and they (the angels) shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, -
Matt.24:31 - And he (Jesus) shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet (or with a trumpet and a great voice), and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of the heaven to the other.
Matt.13:42 - And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. - See - Furnace of Fire/Lake of Fire
Let us look at Matt.13:30 to see what will happen when it is time to gather the harvest of the field.
Matt.13:30 - Let both grow together (the good seed and the tares - the bad seed) until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I (Jesus) will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn.
Here again, we see that the tares, or the devil and his followers, will be allowed to spread the bad words to the people of the field, or the world, until the time of harvest. The harvest will be at the end of six thousand years, at which time Jesus will send his angels out to gather, or harvest the field and gather the tares or wicked ones first and cast them into the furnace of fire, and then the angels will gather the elect unto him, Jesus.
Matt.13:43 - Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father -
Prov.4:18 - But the path of the just [is] as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
Dan.12:3 - And they that be wise (teachers) shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.
I Cor.15:42 - So also [is] the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in incorruptible; it is raised in incorruptible.
Rev.7:9 - After this I (John) beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands;
So here we have the dead which are those who follow the commandments of God and truly give their lives over to Christ and are baptized in his name. When the last trumpet shall sound, the dead in Christ shall be raised first incorruptible, and we shall be changed in the twinkling of an eye, and shall stand before God and be judged according to our works.
After Jesus taught his disciples several different stories/parables in private regarding the kingdom of heaven, he asked them if they understood all the things which he spoke of, and the disciples answered him, Yea Lord. - See Matt.13:51
So Jesus told or taught his disciples many things he did not teach or tell the people, or the multitudes, as they are referred to in the Bible.