Here are some biographical informations about the F(Ph)il(l)ion ancestors who came in Quebec during the French Regime (before 1760).
Michel Feulion (Filion)
Michel Feulion was born towards 1630 in Saint-Pierre-le-Vieux, diocese of Maillezais, in the old province of Poitou, the current department of Vendée. We know the names of his father and mother, René and Mathurine Micou, and that of a sister, Françoise, born in 1640.
The name of this ancestor was Fillon and not Filion, a name which, in the patois poitevin which spoke Michel, was written "Feuillon" or "Feuillant". Michel Feulion came to Canada as a "volunteer": he left France on his own will; he was not hired to a rich man as many immigrants of the XVIIth century. As a carpenter, Michel can be ensured of a stable work in this very new country where all is to be built.
Probably embarked with the port of La Rochelle, Michel Feulion seems to arrive in Canada at the beginning of years 1660. He is announced in the area of Trois-Rivières in June 1663 and he is confirmed to Cap-de-la-Madeleine on May 1st 1664.
On October 19 1668, Michel married Louise Bercier: originating in the parish of Auvergnat (today: Avrillé in Vendée), this orphan, a "Fille du Roy", came to Canada with her uncle and aunt, Louis Bercier and Anne Cochet. Michel Feulion and Louise Le Bercier will have five children Magdeleine, Michel, Antoine, Marie-Louise and Barbe. Michel died after the marriage of his last child in 1698.
The second ancestor is Anthoine Fillion originating from Paris, like his parents and grandparents. His grandfather, Edmond Fillon (and not Fillion) and his father André, were "master blacksmith baudroyor", craftsmen specialized in the finishing of leather. Anthoine was born towards 1637 in Paris where he was master ironmonger. He was first maried, towards 1656, to a girl of which we are unaware of the name. The couple will have at least a son, who was named Pierre. Probably following the death of his first wife, Anthoine married again towards 1664 with Anne d'Anneville, originating in the Saint-Eustache parish in Paris.
Anthoine and his wife Anne d'Anneville, accompanied by her sister Gabrielle and her mother Marguerite LeRoy, two "Filles du Roy", embarked at La Rochelle on April 27, 1665 on board "Cat de Holland", a trading vessel of 250 barrels. They arrived in Québec on June 18, 1665. Anthoine had two children in New-France: Jean-Baptiste, baptized on July 17, 1666 and which did not survive three months, and Jean, born on October 31, 1667, who will be at the origin of the many descent of Anthoine in America. The last presence of Anthoine is announced in August 1668 and the confirmation of his death was revealed in 1669. Anne d'Anneville will remarry in November 1669 with Jean Charron dit La Ferrière, who was a "taillandier".
Anthoine had at least a brother, Michel Fillion, born towards 1632. This brother was the first of the family to settle in New-France (Beauport). He had there a beautiful career: an usher in 1658, a tax prosecutor in Beauport in 1658, a clerk of Sénéchaussé of Quebec City in 1662, a royal notary as of September 23, 1662, a clerk of the Sovereign Council of New-France on September 24, 1664. Michel married on September 26 1661 Marguerite Aubert, widow of Martin Grouvel. He remained without descendants and died on June 6, 1689 in Beauport.
We spoke at some length of the ancestors, Michel Feulion and Antoine Fillion, who established their families in America. However, we must not overlook that other Filions also came to Canada during the French Regime. While some did not leave descendents, others did. That is the reason we introduce them to you.
Born in 1694, Joseph Filion was the son of Pierre and Suzanne Lanière. He was from the parish of Saint-Jean-du-Perrot, in the diocese of La Rochelle, not far from Saint-Pierre-le-Vieux in Aunis (France). Joseph was a cooper by trade. On May 3, 1719, he married Suzanne Lecours, daughter of Michel and Louise Ledran, in the Notre-Dame-de-Québec parish. They had signed a marriage contract on April 24th in front of Notary Dubreuil. Most of their many children died in infancy, but four attained adulthood. It seems that only their last son, François, born in 1741, married. On June 21, 1779, he married Élizabeth Dufour, a widow in her forties. We did not find any trace of descendents. Joseph Filion was buried in 1752 in the crypt of the Notre-Dame-de-Québec Cathedral.
Filion dit Sansoucy
Genealogical dictionaries report the presence in Canada of a certain Charles Filion dit Sansoucy. He was born in 1720, the son of Nicolas and Pierrette Richard of Saint-Alban-de-Lorme, in the diocese of Autun in Burgundy (France). He probably arrived here about 1750 as he was a soldier in the Traurout company of the regiment of Berry witch arrived here during the French and Indian War. He was buried in the cemetery of the parish of Sainte-Famille, Isle d’Orléans, December 1, 1758. He does not appear to have married.
Filion dit Champagne
Son of Jean-Antoine and Jeanne Rousset, Mathurin Filion dit Champagne was said to have come from the Saint-Louis, parish of Brest, in the diocese of Saint-Pol-de-Léon, in Brittany (France). This soldier of the regiment of Guyenne arrived in Canada around 1750 since on October 14, 1752, the Sieur de Fontbonne, commander of the regiment, solemnly declared that Mathurin was in its service since four and a half years, and that he had not married during that period, he could therefore, be issued a certificate of freedom of marriage at a time when bigamy was fought. It is, however, only on April 25, 1757 that Mathurin married Madeleine Charrier at Quebec. An interesting fact, in the marriage contract which the couple signed the day before the ceremony, Mathurin said he was a cook and lived on Saint Nicolas’s Street in Quebec. He said he was a native of Brest but his parents were from the town of Lyon. Mathurin and his family seem to have been quite mobile while in France.
The couple produced children, one of whom was Antoine-Amédée (see our section about Famous Filions) who married Adélaide de Beaujeu in Montmagny in 1800. The couple established residence in Vaudreuil-Soulanges (west of Montreal). We found descendants of Mathurin until the beginning of the 20th century when all trace of them is lost in the many parishes on the island of Montreal. It seems that we have here a third branch of the Filion family. It only remains to determine if there still are descendants… Madeleine Charrier died in Québec in November, 1781, and Mathurin married Marguerite-Suzanne Roy, widow of Jacques Amelot, in October 1782.