Machiavelli Scenario (2nd edition)

The Crowning of Charlemagne: 773 - 800 AD

This scenario recreates the expansion of the Carolingian Empire into the Italian peninsula aroundthe year 773 AD. During this period, the Carolingian Empire, under its famous monarchCharlemagne, expanded to its zenith. Allied with the medieval Papacy, Charlemagne invaded theKingdom of the Lombards in 773 AD, to eliminate a Lombard threat to Rome. The subjugation ofnominally independent Bavaria and Friuli, and the stubborn Duchy of Spoleto, was also part of thiscampaign. On Christmas Day, 800 AD, Charlemagne was crowned "Emperor of the Romans" byPope Leo III at Saint Peter's in Rome, in an attempt to resurrect the Western Roman Empire whichhad disintegrated over 300 years before. However, despite the title, Charlemagne was unable tosubdue the independent duchy of Benevento and failed to unite, through dynastic marriage, his vastWest European holdings with the Byzantine Empire. The Eastern Roman Empire, Byzantium, stillheld parts of southern Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, and Venice under its control. The Byzantines duringthis time period were occupied primarily with retaining control of their increasingly independentcolonies, and with fending off Arab incursions. The Arabs were fresh and expansionist after thefoundation of the Abbasid Dynasty in 762 AD, and threatened the shores of Sicily from NorthAfrica. And in the Balkans, the Avars, consolidated out of wandering Slavic tribes, began tothreaten "civilized" Europe.

1. DATE:

Spring, 773 AD.

2. SET UP:

CAROLINGIAN EMPIRE: Avignon (G), Swiss (A), Marseille (F), Saluzzo (A), Provence.

DUCHY OF BAVARIA: Tyrolea (A), Austria (A), Carinthia (A), Como

AVARS: Hungary (A), Croatia (A), Slavonia, Istria, Zara.

DUCHY OF FRIULI: Carniola (A), Friuli (A), Verona (A), Vicenza, Brescia.

BYZANTINE VENICE: Venice (F), Ferrara (G), Treviso (G), Padua.

KINGDOM OF LOMBARDY: Genoa (G), Pavia (A), Modena (A), Pisa (A), Montferrat,Fornova, Piancenza, Pontremoli, Parma, Lucca, Pistoia, Piombino.

PAPAL STATES: Rome (A), Perugia (A), Ravenna (A), Urbino, Patrimony, Tivoli

DUCHY OF SPOLETO: Spoleto (G), Ancona (F), Capua (A), Monte Cassino, Aquila.

DUCHY OF BENEVENTO: Naples (A), Bari (F), Salerno (G), Benevento, Otranto.

BYZANTINE SOUTHERN ITALY: Sardinia (F), Capua (G), Naples (G), Palermo (G), Messina(F), Calabria, Apulia.

ARABS: Tunis (F), Bay of Tunis (F).

BYZANTINE EMPIRE: Ragusa (G), Durazzo (A), Albania, Herzogovina.


Place in Turin, Savoy, Milan, Trent, Cremona, Mantua, Florence, Arezzo, Sienna, Bologna,Corsica, and Dalmatia.


a) The fortresses are used in this scenario.
b) The Carolingian Empire, Lombardy, and the Byzantine Empire each have two die rolls forvariable income.
c) All other countries (including Byzantine Southern Italy and Byzantine Venice) have one die rollfor variable income.
d) The player who controls Rome gets one extra die roll for variable income.
e) The only player who may use Capua and Naples as home cities for the purposes of building unitsis the Byzantine Southern Italy player.
f) The Money lenders are NOT available in this scenario.

Notes:"During this time period, economic exchange was severely restricted. The wealthy familieswhich became the moneylenders of the Italian Renaissance in the 15th century were barelyprominent local merchants in this, the 8th century."

Note: There are no current famine and plague tables for this scenario. You will have to add the newprovinces to the existing grid.


Click HERE for a map of "The Crowning of Charlemagne" scenario.

a) Corsica, Salerno, Spoleto, and Dalmatia are now fortified cities. Dalmatia remains a non-port city.
b) Otranto has been subdivided into three provinces, Otranto, Calabria, and Apulia.
c) Aquila has been subdivided into two provinces, Aquila and Benevento,
d) Capua has been subdivided into two provinces, Monte Cassino and Capua. Capua has a fortifiedcity in it.
e) Dalmatia has been subdivided into two provinces, Dalmatia and Zara.
g) Friuli now has a fortified city.
h) Genoa, Milan, Florence, and Naples are only worth 1 and are not considered to be major citiesfor Garrison Bribe purposes.


Die Roll 1 2 3 4 5 6

Carolingians 1 2 2 3 3 4

Lombardy 1 2 2 3 3 4

Byzantine Empire 1 1 2 2 3 4

Arabs 3 3 4 5 5 6

Avars 2 3 3 4 4 5

Byzantine South Italy 3 3 4 4 5 5

Papacy 2 2 3 3 4 4

(Rome) 1 2 2 3 3 4

Benevento 2 2 3 3 4 4

Spoleto 2 2 3 3 4 4

Byzantine Venice 2 3 3 4 4 5

Bavaria 2 2 3 3 4 5

Friuli 2 2 3 3 4 4

Starting Income: In order to handicap the scenario properly, certain powers start with a smalltreasury bonus:
Arabs: 12
Byzantine South Italy: 9
Byzantine Venice: 6


Assassination counters are drawn from a weighted pool.
Number of Entries in that pool: Carolingian Empire: 5
Benevento: 3
Byzantine Empire: 4
Bavaria: 3
Lombardy: 4
Byzantine South Italy: 2
Spoleto: 3
Byzantine Venice: 2
Friuli: 3
Avars: 2
Papal States: 3
Arabs: 2


Because there are a number of powers that are weak, for purposes of the matrix, points based onfinish will be slightly modified. There are four groups of powers:
A) Arabs and Avars
B) Byzantine South Italy, Byzantine Venice, and Bavaria
C) Papacy, Benevento, Spoleto, and Friuli
D) Carolingians, Byzantine Empire, and Lombardy

Group C is the base line group. All placings for this group receive the regular number of matrixpoints. Group B points are multiplied by 1.5 because of the weakness of these powers. Group Apoints are multiplied by 1.75. Group D points are halved by 1.5 because these powers are strongand are easy to win with.
(Example: The Carolingian player finishes second, receiving 9 points normally. This is reduced to 6(9/1.5). The Bavarian player finishes 10th, receiving 2 points. This is bumped up to 3 points(2*1.5). The Papacy finishes 6th, receiving 4 points, with no modifiers. The Arab player finishes8th, receiving 3 points, multiplied to 5.25, because of the weakness of the power.)

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