Machiavelli Scenario (2nd edition)

The Rise of Rome: 388 BC:

By M Gemmell

This scenario recreates the rise of the Roman Republic in antiquity and its eventual conquest ofItaly.

Rome, with its famous Republic, was not necessarily the best candidate for dominence of Italy in387 BC. There were numerous other powers, some stronger than Rome.

The Etruscans, rulers of Rome in the past, were formed into a potentially powerful collection ofcity states, but suffered from disunity and lethargy.

The Greeks were also present, with a long legacy of colonialism in southern Italy, the island ofSicily, and in Massilia (present day Marseille).

Epirus, a wealthy Greek power, was considered separate from the colonial territories. Epirus viedwith the trading centre of Tarentum for control of the straits of Brundisium, through which passedtrade from the Ionian Sea on its way to the Adriatic Sea.

The Pheonicians, traders and merchants of the Mare Internum (Mediterranean Sea), settled alongtrade routes, in wealthy Carthage and in Sardinia. They also controlled Palermo on the island ofSicily.

Rome's local enemies included the Samnites and Campania, both derived from similar city-stateand racial backgrounds.

Straddling the Adriatic Sea were the Illyrians, a more nomadic people than the Italians. Of similarstock, the Veneti controlled Aquileia and its floodplain (modern Venice).

To the north, the Celts were migrating south into the Italian penninsula. Warlike and aggressive,the Celts sacked Rome in 387 BC. It was the last time Rome was to fall to invaders until 410 AD,eight hundred years later.

A less aggressive barbarian people, the Ligurii settled in northwestern Italy and Gaul (France),posing a headache for Greek colonists.

It was a delicate balance of power, which tipped only gradually in favour of Rome. The mostfamous empire the world has ever seen was the eventual result.


Spring 388 BC. Turns represent a year rather than a season in this scenario, with a unit creationphase after every third year/turn. Natural disasters will occur as normal, with famine in the first turnand plague in the second.

Notes- The starting date is a very generalized thing. Early Roman history is shrouded inspeculation, including the relative strengths of various powers at various times. 388 BC wasselected because it represents the beginning of the Celtic campaign which would culminate in thesack of Rome in 387 BC, a watershed event. Please remember that serious conflict between Romeand her adversaries took several centuries to complete, not the limited number of years of aMachiavelli game. This is a game of strategy, not a strictly historically accurate simulation.


LIGURII: Valentia (A), Narbonensis (F), Caturiges, Oxybii

ETRUSCANS: Lucca (A), Pisae (F), Piombino (G), Florentina (G), Pistoia, Suana.

ROME: Roma (A), Tarquini (A), Ostia (F), Veii.

CAMPANIA: Itrium (A), Neapolis (F), Paestum (A), Antium, Burentum.

PHOENICIANS: Carthage (F), Sardinia (F), Palermo (A), Zama.

GREEKS: Massilia (A), Messana (A), Tarentum (F), Barium (G), Corfu (A), Bruttium, Lucania.

EPIRUS: Dyrrhachium (F), Macedonia (A), Lissus (G).

ILLYRIANS: Delminium (A), Salonae (A), Ancona (A), Bologna (A), Ravenna, Picenum,Dalmatia, Istria.

VENETI: Venice (A), Aquileia (A), Treviso (A), Vicenza, Friuli.

CELTS: Alpes (G), Noricum (G), Secusio, Carinthia.

SAMNITES: Perusia (A), Urbino (A), Ad Pines (A), Caere.


Place in Nicaea, Augusta Taurinorum, Placentia, Genoa, Mediolanum, Tridentum, Mantua,Modena, Ferrara, Bologna, Verona, Noreia, Pannonia Superior, Tergeste, Ragusa, Malta,Syracusae, Marsi, and Corsica.


a) All cities are fortified. There are no fortresses in this scenario.
b) The Pheonicians, Greeks, Etruscans, and Epirus all receive two (2) rolls for variable income.
c) All other powers receive one (1) roll for variable income.
d) Moneylenders are available in this scenario, albeit with restrictions.
(i) The Greeks and Pheonicians, and Epirus may borrow up to fifteen (15) ducats plus interest atany one time.
(ii) All other powers may borrow up to ten (10) ducats plus interest at any one time.

As always, deficit financing is available.
e) The restriction on assassination spending for the number of die sides is lifted. Players maypurchase as may die sides as they wish.
f) All optional rules will be use, including Famine, Plague, and Special Military Units.
g) There will be no natural disasters in the first year (388 BC).
h) Spies: This feature allows players to examine, for a cost of two (2) ducats, one other player'sfinances. The player's current treasury, current credit limit, status of debts, and the previous turn'sexpenditures will be revealed. Current turn expenditures will not be revealed.
i) Bribery Rules A will be in effect. Bribes may only be direcetd to units adjacent to your own, oranother player's with permission of that player.


While the map itself has been largely unchanged, most countries have been renamed with theirclassical equivilants. The following is a list designed to match traditional Machiavelli names withtheir scenario name. New territories will be noted.

CLICK HERE for the scenario map.

(c) represents a fortified city in that province.
(c2) means it is a major city, worth 2 ducats.
(p) represents a port.

Ad Pines: (Arezzo) (c)
Agrigentum: (Palermo- 2 segments)
Alpes: (Tyrolea) (c)
Ancona: (c, p)
Antium: (Capua- 3 segments)
Augusta Taurinorum (Turin) (c)
Apuani: (Pontremoli + 1/2 Genoa)
Apulia: (Aquila- 2 segments)
Aquileia: (Padua) (c)
Barium: (Bari) (c, p)
Bologna: (c)
Bruttium: (Otranto- 3 segments)
Burentum: (Salerno- 2 segments)
Caere: NEW
Carthage: (Tunis- 2 segments) (c2, p)
Caturiges: (Provence- 3 segments)
Ceba: (Montferrat)
Corfu: NEW (c, p)
Corsica: (c, p)
Cuttiae: (Pavia)
Dalmatia: (Dalmatia- 2 segments)
Delminium: (Croatia- 2 segments) (c)
Dyrrhachium: (Durazzo) (c,p)
Eugane: (Bergamo)
Ferrara: (c)
Florentina: (Florence) (c2)
Genoa (c, p)
Hasta (Saluzzo)
Itrium: (Capua- 3 segments) (c, p)
Lucania: (Otranto- 3 segments)
Lucca: (c)
Lissus: (Herzegovina) (c)
Macedonia: (Albania) (c)
Malta: NEW (c, p)
Mantua: (c)
Marsi: (Capua- 3 segments) (c)
Massilia: (Marseille) (c, p)
Mediolanum: (Milan) (c)
Modena: (c)
Moesia Superior (Bosnia)
Narbonensis: (Provence- 3 segments) (c, p)
Neapolis: (Naples) (c, p)
Nicaea: (Savoy) (c, p)
Noreia: (Carniola) (c)
Noricum: (Austria) (c)
Oscela: (Como) (c)
Ostia: (Tivoli) (c, p)
Oxybii: (Provence- 3 segments)
Paestum: (Salerno- 2 segments) (c)
Palermo: (Palermo- 2 segments) (c, p)
Pannonia Inferior (Slavonia)
Pannonia Superior (Hungary) (c)
Papia: (Pavia)
Perusia: (Perugia) (c)
Picenum: (Aquila- 2 segments)
Pisae: (Pisa) (c, p)
Placentia: (Fornova) (c)
Ragusa: (c, p)
Ravenna: (Romagna) (c)
Roma: (Rome) (c2)
Salonae: (Dalmatia- 2 segments) (c, p)
Sardinia: (c, p)
Secusio: (Swiss) (c)
Suana (Sienna)
Syracusae: (Messina- 2 segments) (c, p)
Tarentum: (Otranto- 3 segments) (c2, p)
Tarquini: (Patrimony) (c)
Tergeste: (Croatia- 2 segments) (c, p)
Treviso: (c)
Tridentum: (Trent) (c)
Urbino: (c)
Valentia: (Avignon) (c)
Veii: (Spoleto)
Verona: (c)
Zama: (Tunis- 2 segments)
Lower Adriatic Sea: (Lower Adriatic)
Upper Adriatic Sea: (Upper Adriatic)
Gulf Carthago: (Bay of Tunis)
Gulf of Genoa: (Eastern Gulf of Lyons)
Mare Internum Nord: (Western Gulf of Lyons)
Mare Internum Sud: (Western Mediterranean)
Ionian Sea:
Eastern Tyrrhenian Sea:
Western Tyrrhenian Sea:
Venice Lagoon:
Gulf of Vibo: (Gulf of Naples)


Die Roll 1 2 3 4 5 6

Ligurii 1 2 2 3 3 4

Etruscans (2 rolls) 1 1 2 2 3 4

Rome 2 3 3 4 4 5

Samnites 2 3 3 3 4 5

Campania 2 2 3 3 4 4

Pheonicians (2 rolls) 1 2 2 3 4 5

Greeks (2 rolls) 1 2 2 2 3 4

Epirus (2 rolls) 1 2 2 2 3 4

Illyrians 2 2 3 3 4 5

Veniti 2 2 3 3 4 5

Celts 1 2 2 3 3 4

Starting Income:

In order to handicap the scenario properly, the following powers start with a treasury base:

Samnites: 10 ducats
Campania: 8 ducats
Rome: 6 ducats
Illyrians: 4 ducats


Each player will receive three (3) assassination counters drawn from a weighted pool, consisting ofthe following:
Ligurii: 3
Etruscans: 3
Rome: 3
Campania: 2
Greeks: 4
Pheonicians: 4
Epirus: 4
Celts: 3
Illyrians: 3
Veneti: 2




The Ultimate Victory Conditions as described in the Advanced game rules will be used- 23 citiesplus two other players' home countries.

Because there are a number of powers that are weak, for purposes of the matrix, points based onfinish will be slightly modified. There are three groups of powers:

A) Samnites, Campania
B) Rome, Celts, Ligurii, Veniti, Illyrians
C) Greeks, Epirus, Pheonicians, Etruscans

Group B is the base line group. All placings for this group receive the regular number of matrixpoints. Group A points are multiplied by 1.5 because of the weakness of these powers. Group Cpoints are divided by 1.5 because these powers are easier to win with.(Example: The Greek playerfinishes second, receiving 9 points normally. This is reduced to 6 (9/1.5). The Samnite playerfinishes 10th, receiving 2 points. This is bumped up to 3 points (2*1.5).)

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