HISTORY OF

            ST- SAUVEUR DE NUAILLE           
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

SAINT SAUVEUR D'AUNIS TODAY
 


 

OLD ROMAN CHURCH OF SAINT-SAUVEUR D'AUNIS


 



     The country was mingled with almost all the events of our History. The legions of CAESAR certainly set up their camp there. Some years before the year 1000, Count Guillaume Bras de Fer who warred in our regions gave abbey of Nuaille en Poitou rich lands bordering the banks of Cure.

     The monks of Nuaille therefore build there the strong priory of Saint Sauveur.

     Aunis was the stake in the Franco-English fights in the 14th and 15th century. In the 16th century, the religious wars bloodied our country.  Aunis knew the celebrity with La Rochelle in the 17th century..

     The Revolution..The Empire..

     The grand epoch, for the village of Saint Sauveur, siutated in the 19th century; the country was rich thanks to the trade of brandies and horses.

     Saint Sauveur counted 1,500 inhabitants.

     Today Saint Sauveur remains a lively and animated borough.  The agricultural cultivations in smaller numbers which formerly would be endowed to modern means of production.  The craftsman and the commerce were adapted to the excessive demands of the ecomony at this end of the 20th century. An
important polystyrene factory which expanded there was built during several years.

     The population structure was modified: numbers of which were left each year worked to the exterior of Saint Sauveur in the undertaking of the Rochelaise agglomeration.

     The parish of Saint Sauveur is in effect in the mobility of the large Cite nearby; it must organize itself in order to confront equipment problems, from conservation and improvements of the setting of life.
 
 



 

     WHEN SAINT SAUVEUR WAS NAMED LIGOURE...

     The deed of gift represents the first written proof of the seniority of Saint Sauveur d'Aunis. Among the goods conceded by the Count of Poitiers with the Abbey of Nouaille, appear,
"in the domain called LIGOURE, with the church erected in honor of the Savior Jesus Christ, the land, the meadows, the woods and the forest called CORNETO". Thanks to this document, one knows that in the 10th century, existed on the territory of our commune an agglomeration (of Gallo-Roman origin or 
Carolingienne) gathered around a church.  A large part of the soil was still timbered, and the forest of CORNETO (of which there undoubtedly remain some scraps on the fields which surround us) belonged to the big forest of ARGENSON reduced nowadays to the forest of BENON.  Like all the country of Aunis, LIGOURE belonged proud to GUILLAUME with arm, Count of Poitiers and DUKE of Aquitaine, one of these powereful lords who in front of the attenuation of the royal capacity, acted
like true local sovereigns.
 
 
 

                        
 


THE DONATION OF LIGOURE TO THE ABBEY OF NOUAILLE


 


     At the end of the 10th century, and with the approach of the year Thousand, our ancestors lived in fear.  They fear, if not the end of the world, at least of great calamities accompanying the attempts by Satan to reconquer the Earth from where Christ drove out thousands of years earlier.  The wars, the famines, the epidemics (normal in a primitive economy where the man fights against a hostile nature) maintain presents the image of death, and are interpreted like the proof of the general disordered state
of the universe and progress of the forces of the evil on Earth.  The material insecurity causes the insecurity in the center of the collective conscience.  Each one thinks of his death, the 
last judgement, his eternal safety.

     The powerful Count of POITIERS does not escape the rule as the document written in 979 testifies, which is currently stored in the Departmental records of VIENNA. 



Deed of Gift of the village of Ligoure
(primitive name of Saint Sauveur)
to the Abbey of Nuaille in Poitou, by
Guillaume, Count of Poitou, Duke of Aquitaine
in January 979
___________


 



Increasingly frequent calamities ring to us as of now the unquestionable proof of the nearest end of the world. However,
at our time, any man gives himself up with his imagination, whereas it would be advisable to him to have his goods in order to deserve the eternal life later.  And thus I, Guillaume, in the name of God, Count of the City of POITIERS and Duke of
AQUITAINE I concluded from my reflections on the fear of God and the eternal remuneration, that to the just ones is 
allotted the reward, with the evil ones eternal damnation, and especially that these receive the eternal life which make
good use of their personal goods.
 
And I wish from the bottom of my soul that the mercy of the Lord, at the last day of the great judgement condescendds to grant his forgiveness to me. This is why (I give) my freehold seigneurial located in the  country of Aunis, the villiage called LIGOURE, with the church set up in honor of the Saviour, Jesus Christ, our Lord, the grounds, the meadows, wood and forest called Corneto; and I give elsewhere, in the village called RIOUX, the church devoted to Saint Mary, Mother of Gode, Virgin, and two mills in this same village, and another place in the village of VOUHE, two mills.

And the freehold is thus circumscribed: of face and on a side by the field of BURCLACO to the road of the king, then by this
road of the king along the "boards" called Alerias to named marshes BOUHET and the village of RIOUX with the forest, and 
thus is divided the ground of Dothoealdo until the place called Aedorus.  On a third side, it is limited through the marshes to
the Raynaldo houses.  

All these above-named goods, I grant them and give them irrevocably at the same time for the safety of my soul and that of my father and mother to the congregation of the monestary of Holy Mother of God, Mary, always virgin, built in the honor of the good Hylaire and of Saint Junien, confessors of Christ, and that directs that one knows it, the Foulques lord, abot, under the government of which the monks learn how to serve God.  And by this letter of transfer, I delegate my authority to you so that you have all power of these goods without anyone finding the power to repeat. 

And that, we have more, to me, to my son Guillaume as well as to my spouse, lady Emma, to indicate so that if somebody seeks to cancel this donation by some calumny, if it is not correct and continues to be insincerely, that it undergo initially
the very powerful anger of God, and that it be distant of the the good Virgin Mary and of Saint Peter, Head Apostle and 
of all the Apostles of Saint Etienne and of Chorus of Martyrs and also of the good Confessor Hilaire, pontif and Junien, our
worthy lord, that it be isolated of all and remains crucified in the flames with Dathan Chore and Abiron that the ground to
angloutis living.  To finish that the demon guarded his soul in the prisons of hell in the company of unearthly spirits
and that he lives without end with them in the darkness and the shade of death. 

May this transfer by letter, God helping, last forever with the precise details of which it is comprised. 

At the bottom of the document are affixed the signatures of the givers, of the recipients and the witnesses:

GUILLAUME, Count, his son GUILLAUME and his spouse EMMA, who have made this donation: KADELON, Viscount of AULNAY 

MEDERIC, Viscount of CHATELLERAULT, AIMERI, Viscount of THOUARS, GISLEBERT, Abbey; KADELON and RADULFE, vicars

BOSON son of ADRALD, Viscount, SIMON, GERALD, INGELBALD, ADRALD, ACCARD, INGELIN, UCBERT, AUCHER, HUGUES, GAUZLIN, GAUTIER 
BERNEFRED, THIBAUD, FOULQUES, RODERIC, FOULGUES, GUILLAUME, FROTIER, MAYNARD, Viscount, GOMBAUD his son, LAMBERD, provost, 
ARMAND, ARCHAIMBAUD, provost, GILBERT, provost, ADABRAD, GERARD, provost,
ABIATE, vicar, RAYNAUD, senior of ST-HILAIRE, BENOIT 
ARMAND, GAUZBERT

Then figure the following mention:

Given the month of January, the second year of King ROBERT.
THIBAUD, monk, written

extract: from "If Saint Sauveur of Aunis Was Told To Me"

 


 
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