Okay, so science has learned a lot about biology though disciplines like
anatomy so here are some things that have been rolling around my head for a
few years (I literally did not know that
was a real phrase until one minute ago - NSR 2013-10-14)
- While there were four primary city-states in Greece, the two largest
ones were Athens and Sparta.
- Athens was liberal, less religious, less militaristic, literate.
- Sparta was conservative, more religious, more militaristic, not
literate (everything we know about Sparta comes from non-Spartan
- Not willing to live in cooperation with Athens, Sparta eventually
conquered Athens. This action weakened both city-states which allowed
them to be easily conquered by the Macedonians.
- Now the Macedonian Empire was ripe for attack by the Persians then
finally the Romans
thoughts: I often recall this Greek
tragedy whenever I hear American Republicans (usually more religious and
militaristic) wanting to overpower American Democrats (usually less
religious and militaristic)
- Rome was both militaristic and religious (had their own form of
paganism and borrowed numerous gods from the Greeks).
- Whenever Rome expanded its empire, new fears of attack from beyond
their current borders were used as justification to expand the empire.
(resources became ever-more thinned)
- A slow shift toward Christianity culminated in Christianity being
declared the official state religion of the Roman
Emperor Constantine in 325 AD.
- Constantine splits the Roman Empire into the
Roman Empire in 330. The capital is moved from Rome to
Byzantium which is
- After Christianity dominates the western empire, it is
conquered by the Goths,
officially ends in 480.
- Many religions coexisted in the Eastern Roman Empire
- Roman Paganism, pre-Mohamed Muslims, Judaism, six Christian
sects which eventually morphed into one (Greek Orthodox).
- Christianity becomes the official state religion
of the Eastern empire in 380 but all other religions are
- The Eastern Empire falls in 1204 during the crusades.
- According to historians like
after both these societies became saturated with religion there was not
one single scientific development for the next ten centuries. (until the
though the church has been fighting progress ever since)
- Today we have two forms of Christianity (Eastern
Orthodox Church and
Catholic Church) which is proof that either one of them, or both of
them, has changed church doctrine.
- Before the end of World War 2 (1945), West Germany and East Germany were relatively
- After the war, Western allies occupied western Germany while the USSR
occupied eastern Germany.
- While the western allies released control of
West Germany in
1949, the USSR did not intend to release control
East Germany but
reluctantly did so in 1990.
- To make matters worse, insane politics of this
time resulted in the construction of a barrier between east and west Germany, as
well as a wall between east and west Berlin which was situated fully inside
East Germany. Construction of the
Wall began in 1961 which was broken-through in 1989.
Germany is very modern while East Germany is very backward. Adding to this
fact, after reunification in 1990, West Germany was able to carry
(economically) East Germany through its moderation.
- Before World War 2, Koreans were relatively similar and living under
- After World War 2, Korea was occupied by the USSR in the north and
the US in the south.
- After the Korean war (1950-1953) a physical barrier was built
separating North Korea from South Korea.
observations: South Korea is very modern while
North Korea is very backward
Kitchener - Waterloo - Cambridge, Ontario, Canada.