Variations in 1860's Base Ball Rules and Customs

"I made a game effort to argue but two things were against me: the umpires and the rules."

- Hall of Fame Manager Leo Durocher

Base ball is a gentlemans game.

- Matches are conducted under 'the highest standards of sportsmanship, gentlemanly behaviour, courtesy and respect for others.

- There is no: swearing, spitting, scratching, consumption of alcohol, chewing tobacco or wagering.

- Gentleman shall forbear from commenting on the umpire's judgment, receiving it in entire silence.

The Umpire:

- Calls foul balls immediately, does not call fair balls.

- May ask players and spectators for assistance in making decisions.

- May call strikes after warning a batter who repeatedly lets good pitches pass, does not call balls.

- Levies fines on the spot for ungentlemanly conduct.

In pitching:

- The ball must be pitched (underhanded) not jerked or thrown to the bat.

- The ball must be delivered as near as possible over the center of the home plate.

A Striker is out when:

- A batted ball is caught on one bound off the ground or on the fly, fair or foul.

- After three called or swinging strikes. Foul balls are not strikes.

A baserunner is out when:

- Forced at a base, the force remaining on no matter where the first out is made.

- Overruns first, second or third base and is touched by the ball in the hands of an adversary.

- If , after any foul ball, the ball is returned to the base, after settling in the hands of the pitcher, before the baserunner returns.

Other Differences:

- Players do not wear gloves or other protective equipment.

- A batted ball is determined fair or foul by where it first hits the ground.

- A baserunner may advance at risk if a batted ball is caught on one bound.

- The leadoff batter is the player who follows the player making the last out in the previous inning.

- The striker must stand on a line drawn through the center of the home base.

- Because of the uncertainty of when sliding began, we do not practice it.

*** - The Actives take some liberties with the rule of 1860 which did not permit substitutions. All participating Actives are on the batting list and substitutions are made on defense.

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