Variations in 1860's Base Ball Rules and
"I made a game effort to argue but two things
were against me: the umpires and the rules."
- Hall of Fame Manager Leo Durocher
Base ball is a gentlemans game.
- Matches are conducted under 'the highest standards of
sportsmanship, gentlemanly behaviour, courtesy and respect
- There is no: swearing, spitting, scratching,
consumption of alcohol, chewing tobacco or wagering.
- Gentleman shall forbear from commenting on the umpire's
judgment, receiving it in entire silence.
- Calls foul balls immediately, does not call fair
- May ask players and spectators for assistance in making
- May call strikes after warning a batter who repeatedly
lets good pitches pass, does not call balls.
- Levies fines on the spot for ungentlemanly conduct.
- The ball must be pitched (underhanded) not jerked or
thrown to the bat.
- The ball must be delivered as near as possible over the
center of the home plate.
A Striker is out when:
- A batted ball is caught on one bound off the ground or
on the fly, fair or foul.
- After three called or swinging strikes. Foul balls are
A baserunner is out when:
- Forced at a base, the force remaining on no matter
where the first out is made.
- Overruns first, second or third base and is touched by
the ball in the hands of an adversary.
- If , after any foul ball, the ball is returned to the
base, after settling in the hands of the pitcher, before the
- Players do not wear gloves or other protective
- A batted ball is determined fair or foul by where it
first hits the ground.
- A baserunner may advance at risk if a batted ball is
caught on one bound.
- The leadoff batter is the player who follows the player
making the last out in the previous inning.
- The striker must stand on a line drawn through the
center of the home base.
- Because of the uncertainty of when sliding began, we do
not practice it.
*** - The Actives take some liberties with the rule of
1860 which did not permit substitutions. All participating
Actives are on the batting list and substitutions are made