Home    Research Steps    Research Map    Primary Research Map    Research Journal    Help!    Search 

rhtitleciting.gif (7004 bytes)It is important to cite your sources for two basic reasons:

  1. You need to know how to find the source again to check information, change information, find more information....

  2. You need to acknowledge your sources for ethical reasons, to satisfy copyright and to be honest with those who will read your work, about where you got some of your information and ideas.

There are several ways to cite sources as you can see by checking out Mrs. Gibson's web site. I expect you to use the following style for citing your sources manually or you may use the NoodleTools web site to develop your bibliography.

Books

Format

Author. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date.

Example:

Ahmad, Nyla. Cybersurfer The OWL Internet Guide for Kids. Toronto, Ontario: OWL Books, 1996.

Encyclopedias and Reference Books

Format

Author of Article (if one is cited). "Article Title." Title of Reference Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date.

Example:

Johnson, Lois. "Time." World Book Encyclopedia. Chicago, IL: World Book, 1992.

Magazine and Newspaper Articles

Format

Author. "Title of Article." Periodical Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date of article (Day, Month, Year): page numbers of the article.

Example:

Blackwell, Gerry. "E-cards from the edge." The Toronto Star. Toronto, Ontario: Torstar, 18 March 1999: H1- H2.

CD-ROMs

Format

Author's Name (if one is cited for the article). "Article Title." CD ROM Title. Edition. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.

Example:

"Titanic." The 1998 Canadian and World Encyclopedia. 1998 Edition. Toronto, Ontario: McClelland & Stewart Inc.,1997.

E-mail

Format

Author of the e-mail message (if known). <Author's e-mail address>. "The subject line of the message." Date of the message. Personal e-mail. (Date you accessed the e-mail).

Example:

Taylor, Bob. < student2@afrrm.gedsb.net >. " Sinking of the Titanic.", February 07, 1999. Personal e-mail. (February 10, 1999).

World Wide Web:

Format

Author of the site. "Title of Article." Title of the site (if different from the item title). <URL> Date of the site or last revision of it.

Example:

Gibson, Mrs. M. "Citing your sources." Squires Elementary Library: Research Buddies. <http://squires.fayette.k12.ky.us/library/research/citing.htm>, March 18, 1999.

*To return to the Research Process Helper Home Page, click on the rocket button.
backanimatedrocket.gif (7118 bytes)