Evidence from the Fourth Gospel
The Gospel of John was completed to its present form
some seventy years after Jesus was raised up to heaven. This Gospel in its
final form says one more thing about Jesus that was unknown from the previous
three Gospels — that Jesus was the Word of God. John means that Jesus
was God’s agent through whom God created everything else. This is often
misunderstood to mean that Jesus was God Himself. But John was saying, as
Paul had already said, that Jesus was God’s first creature. In the Book
of Revelation in the Bible, we find that Jesus is,
We find here that Jesus was not co-equal with the
Father, for Jesus said:
Muslims and Christians agree that God is self-existent. That means that He does not derive his existence from anyone. Yet John tells us that Jesus’ existence is caused by the Father. Jesus says in this Gospel: “I live because of the Father” (John 6:57).
John tells us that Jesus did not have any authority of
his own when he quotes Jesus as saying: “I can do nothing of my own
authority” (John 5:30). This agrees with what we learn about Jesus from
the other Gospels. In Mark, for example, we learn that Jesus performed
miracles by a power which was not within his control. This is especially
clear from an episode in which a woman is healed of her incurable bleeding.
The woman came up behind him and touched his cloak; and she was
immediately healed. But Jesus had no idea who touched him. Mark
describes Jesus’s actions thus:
Even when Jesus raised his friend Lazarus from the dead, he had to ask God to do it. Lazarus’ sister, Martha, knew this, for she said to Jesus:
“I know that even now God will
give you whatever you ask” (John 11:22).
Jesus had a God, for when he was about to ascend to
heaven, he said:
Who is the only God in John’s Gospel? The Father only. Jesus testified to this when he declared that the God of the Jews is the Father (John 8:54). And the God of the Jews is no other than Yahweh who declared that he is the only God. Jesus too confirmed that the Father alone is the only true God (see John 17:1-3). And Jesus said to his enemies: “You are determined to kill me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God” (John 8:40).
According to John, therefore, Jesus was not God, and nothing John wrote should be taken as proof that he was — unless one wishes to disagree with John.