General Information

What makes Canada so great? Too many things to mention here, but they do include our people, languages, vastly different environment, crazy weather and much more! Here is a bit of information...if you're interested in learning more, please check out my links page.

Main Facts

  • Canada has a population of approximately 30 million people
  • There are 2 official languages - English and Français
  • The first Prime Minister was Sir John A. Macdonald. At present, the P.M. is Jean Chrétien
  • Canada's largest city is Toronto, followed by Montreal, Vancouver and Ottawa
  • The country's capital is Ottawa
  • Ten million square kms of land make up the country, making it the second largest country (next to Russia)
  • Canada is divided up into 10 Provinces and 2 territories (there will be a 3rd territory soon..see below)
  • The National Anthem is 'Oh Canada'
  • The Maple leaf and beaver are Canada's national symbols
  • Canada has six time zones (The easternmost, in Newfoundland, the Atlantic, the Eastern, the Central, the Rocky Mountain and the Pacific)
  • Canada's main natural resources are natural gas, oil, gold, coal, copper, iron ore, nickel, potash, uranium and zinc, wood and water.
  • Canada's leading exports are automobile vehicles and parts, machinery and equipment, high-technology products, oil, natural gas, metals, and forest and farm products.
  • Leading industries include automobile manufacturing, pulp and paper, iron and steel work, machinery and equipment manufacturing, mining, extraction of fossil fuels, forestry and agriculture.

Less known facts

  • The coastline (243,792 km) is the longest in the world
  • Canada has the longest covered bridge in the world. It's located in Hartland, New Brunswick and is 1,282 feet long.
  • The longest street in the world is Yonge Street (in Toronto), and is 1,900.5 kilometers long
  • Also in Toronto, the CN Tower stands at 1,815 feet and 5 inches high. It was completed in 1975 and is the tallest freestanding structure in the world
  • Anyone in Canada can send a letter to a member of Parliament (while it's in session) without paying postage
  • Life expectancy in Canada is 75.6 years for males and 81.7 years for females (which ranks in the world's longest)
  • Canada's standard of living is 6th in the world (after the US, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Germany and Japan)
  • Canada has the longest national highway in the world - the Trans-Canada highway (7,821 kilometers)
  • Ice hockey and lacrosse are Canada's national sports.

Political System
Canada is a constitutional monarchy and a federal state with a democratic parliament. The Parliament of Canada is made up of the House of Commons and the Senate. House of Commons members are elected, whereas Senators are appointed.

New Territory?
Canada now has 3 territories (as of April 1, 1999) - the Northwest Territories was divided in two. The new territory is called Nunavut ('Our Land'). This 'split' has occurred as a result of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement. In accordance with this, the Nunavut Planning Commission (NPC) will help the Inuit control all the activities on their lands as well as a say in what goes on in Crown land. The finalization of the land claim settlement and creation of this new territory is an important development in Canada's present and future.

Canada is such a gorgeous country, it's no wonder that it is one of the top ten most popular places for international tourists. Tourism has become a major the early 1990s almost 40 million tourists visited Canada a year. With all that Canada has to offer, it's puzzling to me why Canadians choose to vacation elsewhere! Spend your loonies here, travel in Canada!

BACK to Canada eh?

The website and its creator were proudly created in Canada!
© Tania Hutchison